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YU SHAN frigates (1943-1945/1960-1969)


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Hua Shan 1970s

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
天山 [Tien Shan] (ex-Kleinsmith) APD215, 1983- 815   Defoe, Bay City, USA 8/1944 27/1/1945 6/1945 // 5/1960 stricken 1993
玉山 [Yu Shan] (ex-Kinzer) PF32, 1983- 832   Charleston N Yd, USA 9/1943 19/12/1943 11/1944 // 4/1965 stricken mid-1997
華山 [Hua Shan] (ex-Donald W. Wolf) PF33, 1983- 833   Defoe, Bay City, USA 4/1944 22/7/1944 4/1945 // 5/1965 stricken 5/1995
文山 [Wen Shan] (ex-Gantner) PF34, 1983- 834   Bethlehem, Hingham, USA 12/1942 17/4/1943 7/1943 // 5/1966 stricken 1991
長山 [Chang Shan] (ex-Truxton), later- 福山 [Fu Shan] PF35, 1983- 835   Charleston N Yd, USA 12/1943 9/3/1944 7/1945 // 3/1966 stricken 1996
廬山 [Lu Shan] (ex-Bull) PF36, 1983- 836   Defoe, Bay City, USA 12/1942 25/3/1943 8/1943 // 8/1966 stricken 5/1995
青山 [Ao Shan] (ex-Kline), later- 壽山 [Shou Shan] PF37, 1983- 837   Bethlehem, Quincy, USA 5/1944 27/6/1944 10/1944 // 3/1966 stricken mid-1997
泰山 [Tai Shan] (ex-Register) PF38, 1983- 838   Charleston N Yd, USA 10/1943 20/1/1944 1/1945 // 10/1966 stricken 1991
恆山 [Heng Shan] (ex-Raymond W. Herndon) PF39   Bethlehem, Quincy, USA 6/1944 15/7/1944 11/1944 // 10/1966 stricken 1976
(ex-Walter B. Cobb)     Bethlehem, Hingham, USA, USA 1/1944 23/2/1944 4/1945 // --- foundered 21/4/1966 before commission
岡山 [Kang Shan] (ex-George W. Ingram) PF42   Bethlehem, Hingham, USA 2/1943 8/5/1943 8/1943 // 7/1967 stricken 1978
鍾山 [Chung Shan] (ex-Blessman) PF43, 1983- 843   Bethlehem, Hingham, USA 3/1943 19/6/1943 9/1943 // 7/1967 stricken 5/1995
龍山 [Lung Shan] (ex-Schmitt) PF44   Bethlehem, Quincy, USA 2/1943 29/5/1943 7/1943 // 2/1969 stricken 1976


Technical data


Displacement standard, t1400
Displacement full, t

2130

Length, m

91.4 wl 93.3 oa

Breadth, m

11.3

Draught, m

3.84 full load

No of shafts2
Machinery

2 General Electric steam turbo-generators, 2 Foster-Wheeler boilers, 2 electric motors

Power, h. p.

12000

Max speed, kts

23.6

Fuel, t

oil 347

Endurance, nm(kts)5000 (15)
Armament

1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 3 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 2 x 3 - 324 TT, 2 DCR

PF33 and may be others: 1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 4 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 2 x 3 - 324 TT, 2 DCR

PF39 and may be others: 1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 3 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 2 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 11 ASWRL, 2 DCR

Military load

4 LCVP, 162 marines, deck cargo

Electronic equipment

SPS-5 radar, QGA sonar

some: SPS-5, Decca 707 radars, QGA sonar

Complement

203



Standard scale images


<i>Tien Shan </i>1965
Tien Shan 1965
<i>Tai Shan </i>1980
Tai Shan 1980


Graphics


<i>Hua Shan </i>1970s
Hua Shan 1970s


Ship project history


Chung Shan, Kang Shan, Lu Shan and Wen Shan were ex-USN 'TE' class DEs. They had higher bridges than the others which were ex-USN 'TEV' class DEs. Apart from that, they were almost identical. Wen Shan collided with ex-Walter B. Cobb whilst under tow to Taiwan on 17 April 1966, and the latter foundered four days later. She was replaced by Lu Shan. Taiwan rated them as frigates rather than APDs and used them accordingly.

Modernizations


~1970, all except Tien Shan; 1974, Tien Shan: - deck cargo, 2 LCVP; + 1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30

1991, all were converted to offshore patrol vessels armed with 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1 only, no LCVPs

Naval service


No significant events.

© Ivan Gogin, 2016