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fighting ships of the world

IMPERIAL RUSSIAN NAVY (RUSSIA)

SUBMARINES

NARVAL submarines (1915 - 1916)

Kashalot 1916

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Нарвал <Narval>   Nevsky Wks, St. Petersburg // Nikolayev 12/1911 24/4/1915 9/1915 captured by Germany 1/5/1918 (US5)
Кит <Kit>   Nevsky Wks, St. Petersburg // Nikolayev 12/1911 5/1915 10/1915 captured by Germany 1/5/1918 (US7)
Кашалот <Kashalot>   Nevsky Wks, St. Petersburg // Nikolayev 12/1911 4/9/1915 5/1916 captured by Germany 1/5/1918

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

620 - 621 / 990 - 994

Length, m

70.2

Breadth, m

6.50

Draught, m

3.60

No of shafts

2

Machinery

4 diesels / 2 electric motors

Power, h. p.

640 / 490

Max speed, kts

Narval: 11.5 / 6

Kit, Kashalot: 10.8 / 5

Fuel, t

diesel oil

Endurance, nm(kts) 3500(6.5) / 103(4.2)

Armament

Narval: 2 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 12 - 450 TT (2 bow, 2 stern, 8 Drzewiecki drop-collars)

Kit, Kashalot: 1 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 1 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss, 12 - 450 TT (2 bow, 2 stern, 8 Drzewiecki drop-collars)

Complement

41
Diving depth operational, m

50

Ship project history: Part of the 1911 Programme, designated for the Black Sea Fleet. Holland design (Type 31A), double hull type, diving limit 100m, diving time 1 minute. Unlike contemporary Russian submarines these were fitted with a crush diving tank, gravitionally filled ballast tanks and watertight bulkheads built in. Undoubtedly the best submarine type ever built for the Imperial Russian Navy. The original design provided 2 diesels 850bhp each and 16kts surface speed but these were not fitted because of the notorious shortage of diesels.

Modernizations: 1916, Kashalot; 1917, Narval: - 8 - 450 TT (Drzewiecki); + 4 - 450 TT (Drzewiecki-Podgorny)

1917, Kit: - 1 x 1 - 57/40, 8 - 450 TT (Drzewiecki); + 1 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 4 - 450 TT (Drzewiecki-Podgorny)

Naval service: Kit and Narval were captured 1/5/1918 by the Germans together with Kashalot and surrendered to the Allies in November 1918. Scuttled off Sevastopol to prevent capture by the advancing Reds.

Narval 1915

 

© Ivan Gogin, 2014