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fighting ships of the world

SOVIET NAVY (USSR)

SUBMARINES

"Series XII" submarines (project 40) (1937-1943)

M-30 1940

M-32 1945

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
-30 <M-30> 255 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 1/1938 5/10/1939 7/1940 charging plant 11/1952
-31 <M-31> 258 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 8/1938 25/2/1940 10/1940 sunk 17/12/1942
-32 <M-32> 259 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 8/1938 26/2/1940 10/1940 stricken 3/1953
-33 <M-33> 260 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 8/1938 23/6/1940 12/1940 sunk 22-25/8/1942
-34 <M-34> 268 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 2/1939 23/6/1940 12/1940 sunk 3/11/1941
-35 <M-35> 269 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 2/1939 20/8/1940 1/1941 charging plant 8/1953
-36 <M-36> 270 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 2/1939 20/8/1940 2/1941 sunk 4/1/1944
-57 <M-57>, 10/1939- -49 <M-49> 248 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 7/1937 25/1/1939 7/1939 lost 8/1941
-58 <M-58> 251 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 10/1937 28/4/1939 9/1939 sunk 20/10/1941
-59 <M-59> 250 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 10/1937 13/6/1939 6/1940 sunk 31/10/1941
-60 <M-60> 252 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 10/1937 28/8/1939 5/1940 sunk 26/9/1942
-62 <M-62> (ex--59 <M-59>) 253 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 1/1938 5/10/1939 7/1940 stricken 8/1953
-63 <M-63> (ex--60 <M-60>) 254 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 1/1938 5/10/1939 7/1940 lost 8/1941
-87 <M-87>, 6/1939- -171 <M-171> 88 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 9/1936 10/7/1937 12/1937 hulk 2/1953
-88 <M-88>, 6/1939- -172 <M-172> 89 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 6/1936 23/7/1937 12/1937 sunk 2-11/10/1943
-89 <M-89>, 6/1939- -173 <M-173> 90 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 6/1936 9/10/1937 6/1938 sunk 7-14/8/1942
-90 <M-90> 91 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 6/1936 28/11/1937 6/1938 stricken 6/1954
-91 <M-91>, 6/1939- -174 <M-174> 105 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 5/1937 12/10/1937 10/1938 sunk 2-10/1943
-92 <M-92>, 6/1939- -175 <M-175> 106 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 5/1937 12/10/1937 9/1938 sunk 10/1/1942
-92 <M-92> (ex--1 <R-1>, ex-.92 <S.92>, ex- <REDO>) 92 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 9/1936 4/8/1938 --- cancelled 1952
-93 <M-93>, 6/1939- -176 <M-176> 107 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 5/1937 12/10/1937 10/1938 sunk 3/7/1942
-94 <M-94> 118 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 12/1938 11/9/1939 11/1939 sunk 22/7/1941
-95 <M-95> 119 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 12/1938 11/9/1939 11/1939 lost 6/1942
-96 <M-96> 247 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 7/1937 20/7/1938 10/1939 sunk 8/9/1944
-97 <M-97> 249 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy 7/1937 20/7/1938 10/1939 sunk 3/9/1942
-98 <M-98> 120 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 6/1939 15/4/1940 7/1940 sunk 14/11/1941
-99 <M-99> 121 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 6/1939 15/4/1940 7/1940 sunk 27/6/1941
-102 <M-102> 136 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 5/1940 12/10/1940 12/1940 TS 11/1945, hulk 8/1953
-103 <M-103> 137 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 5/1940 12/10/1940 12/1940 sunk 25-28/8/1941
-104 <M-104>, 2/1943- -104 <M-104 Yaroslavskiy Komsomolets> 301 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy // 402 Yd, Molotovsk 9/1940 24/9/1942 2/1943 hulk 8/1953
-105 <M-105>, 4/1943- -105 <M-105 Chelyabinskiy Komsomolets> 302 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy // 402 Yd, Molotovsk 10/1940 30/9/1942 2/1943 stricken 6/1955
-106 <M-106>, 4/1943- -106 <M-106 Leninskiy Komsomol> 303 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy // 402 Yd, Molotovsk 10/1940 9/10/1942 3/1943 sunk 5/7/1943
-107 <M-107 Novosibirskiy Komsomolets> 304 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy // Murmansk 10/1940 16/12/1942 6/1943 charging plant 8/1953
-108 <M-108> 305 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo Yd), Gorkiy // Murmansk 10/1940 9/1/1943 7/1943 sunk 28/2/1944
-111 <M-111> 275 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo), Gorkiy 10/1939 31/12/1940 7/1941 charging plant 8/1953
-112 <M-112> 276 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo), Gorkiy 10/1939 31/12/1940 6/1941 stricken 8/1953
-113 <M-113> 277 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo), Gorkiy 10/1939 31/12/1940 7/1941 hulk 8/1953
-114 <M-114> 280 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo), Gorkiy 11/1939 7/5/1941 10/1941 stricken 8/1953
-115 <M-115> 281 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo), Gorkiy 11/1939 7/5/1941 9/1941 hulk 8/1953
-116 <M-116> 282 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo), Gorkiy 11/1939 31/12/1940 10/1941 charging plant 8/1953
-117 <M-117> 287 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo), Gorkiy // Nikolayev 10/1940 12/2/1941 10/1941 stricken 7/1953
-118 <M-118> 288 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo), Gorkiy // Nikolayev 10/1940 12/4/1941 10/1941 sunk 1/10/1942
-119 <M-119> 292 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo), Gorkiy // Baku // 402 Yd, Molotovsk 5/1940 26/6/1941 10/1942 charging plant 8/1953
-120 <M-120> 289 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo), Gorkiy // Nikolayev 1/1940 29/6/1941 11/1941 stricken 8/1953
-121 <M-121> 290 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo), Gorkiy // Baku 5/1940 19/8/1941 4/1942 sunk 10/11/1942
-122 <M-122> 291 112 Yd (Krasnoye Sormovo), Gorkiy // Baku 5/1940 12/2/1941 10/1942 sunk 14/5/1943

all except REDO:

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

206 / 256

Length, m

44.5

Breadth, m

3.30

Draught, m

2.58

No of shafts

1

Machinery

1 38KM8 diesel / 1 PG60/53 electric motor

Power, h. p.

800 / 400

Max speed, kts

14 / 8.2

Fuel, t

diesel oil 14

Endurance, nm(kts) 3380(8.6) / 108(2.9)

Armament

1 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 2 - 533 TT (bow, 2)

Complement

20

Diving depth operational, m

50

R-1 (REDO):

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

208 / 256

Length, m

44.5

Breadth, m

3.30

Draught, m

2.58

No of shafts

1

Machinery

1 38KRNS-8 diesel

Power, h. p.

800

Max speed, kts

13 / 9.8

Fuel, t

diesel oil 11 + liquid oxygen 8

Endurance, nm(kts) 2750(8) / 315(5)

Armament

1 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 2 - 533 TT (bow, 2)

Complement

16

Diving depth operational, m

50

Ship project history: As submarines of VI and a VI-bis series not to the full answered ordered tasks, in 1934 working out of the improved project has begun. Calculations shown, that taking into account safe rail transportation the length can be increased on 20%, breadth on 10%, and displacement on 40%. Taking into account requirements the project approved 29/12/1934 has been developed.

    New boats had a single-hulled all-welded construction. The limited dimensions have forced to store a number of lines of the previous classes: single-shaft machinery, armaments structure, TT reloading through forward doors. The diving depth too remained at former level, but surfaced and submerged speeds managed to be raised at the expense of more powerful engines.

Modernizations: 1944, M-171 (project 604): + 18 mines (236/288t, 13.5/7.5kts).

Naval service: M-31 was lost between 14 and 25/12/1942 off Zmeiny Island, probably sunk 18/12/1942 by German submarine chaser Xanten, and minesweeping boats R30, FR2, FR7 and FR8, or was lost on a mine. M-33 was lost between 22 and 25/8/1942 on a mine at Odessa. M-34 was lost after 3/11/1941 presumably on a mine at Constanza. M-36 was lost by unknown cause 4/1/1944 during trials at Kobuleti. M-58 was lost after 16/10/1941 possibly on  mine at Constanza. M-59 was lost between 26/10 and 3/11/1941, possibly on a mine at Sulina. M-60 between 23 and 26/9/1942 was lost on a mine at Odessa. M-118 was lost between 1 and 7/10/1942 off Sulina.

   M-94 was sunk 21/7/1941 by German submarine U140 at island Hiumaa. M-95 was lost between 14 and 18/6/1942 between islands Lavensaari and Gogland, presumably 15/6/1942 on a mine. M-96 was lost between 7 and 9/9/1944 in Narva Bay, possibly on a mine. M-97 was lost between 2 and 11/9/1942 on a mine S of Helsinki. M-98 was lost between 14 and 20/11/1941 in W part of Gulf of Finland, presumably on a mine. M-99 was sunk 27/6/1941 by German submarine U149 at island Hiumaa. M-103 was lost between 24 and 26/8/1941 on a mine at Vormsi island.
   M-106 was sunk 5/7/1943 by German submarine chasers UJ1206 and UJ1217 in the Kongs-fjord. M-108 was lost between 21 and 27/2/1944 presumably on a mine in the Kongs-fjord. M-121 was lost between 7 and 14/11/1942 presumably on a mine in Varanger Fjord. M-122 was sunk 14/5/1943 by German aircraft at Rybachy peninsula. M-175 was sunk 10/1/1942 by German submarine U584 in Varanger Fjord. Lost by unknown causes M-172 (between 1 and 11/10/1943), M-173 (between 6 and 14/8/1942), M-174 (between 1 and 11/10/1943) and M-176 (between 21 and 28/6/1942) presumably were lost on mines in Varanger Fjord.
   M-49 and M-63 in August, 1941 were lost off Vladivostok, possibly on Soviet mines.

M-172

M-30 after war

Ivan Gogin, 2009-15