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fighting ships of the world

SOVIET NAVY (USSR)

SUBMARINES

"Series XIV" submarines (1939-1944)

K-21 1940

K-21 1942

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
-1 [K-1]   451 194 Yd (Marti Yd), Leningrad 12/1936 29/4/1938 12/1939 lost 9/1943
-2 [K-2]   452 194 Yd (Marti Yd), Leningrad 12/1936 29/4/1938 12/1939 lost 9/1942
-3 [K-3]   453 194 Yd (Marti Yd), Leningrad 12/1936 31/7/1938 11/1940 lost 16-31/3/1943
-21 [K-21], 6/1949- -4 [B-4]   108 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 12/1937 16/8/1939 11/1940 charging plant 9/1954
-22 [K-22]   109 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 1/1938 3/11/1938 7/1940 lost 2/1943
-23 [K-23]   110 196 Yd (Sudomekh Wks), Leningrad 2/1938 28/4/1939 9/1940 sunk 12/5/1942
-51 [K-51], 6/1949- -5 [B-5]   454 194 Yd (Marti Yd), Leningrad 2/1938 30/7/1939 11/1943 charging plant 1/1956
-52 [K-52], 6/1949- -6 [B-6]   455 194 Yd (Marti Yd), Leningrad 2/1938 5/7/1939 10/1942 charging plant 12/1955
-53 [K-53], 6/1949- -7 [B-7]   456 194 Yd (Marti Yd), Leningrad 5/1938 2/9/1939 7/1943 charging plant 9/1954
-54 [K-54]   288 189 Yd (Ordzhonikidze Yd), Leningrad 4/1937 8/3/1941 --- BU incomplete 1949
-55 [K-55], 6/1949- -8 [B-8]   289 189 Yd (Ordzhonikidze Yd), Leningrad 4/1937 7/2/1941 12/1944 charging plant 9/1954
-56 [K-56], 6/1949- -9 [B-9]   290 189 Yd (Ordzhonikidze Yd), Leningrad 10/1937 29/12/1940 11/1942 target 9/1955

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

1487 / 2110

Length, m

97.8

Breadth, m

7.40

Draught, m

4.04

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 9DKR diesels / 2 PG-11 electric motors

Power, h. p.

8400 / 2400

Max speed, kts

22.5 / 10.3

Fuel, t

diesel oil 263

Endurance, nm(kts) 15000(9) / 160(2.9)

Armament

2 x 1 - 100/49 B-24, 2 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 10 - 533 TT (6 bow, 2 stern, 2 ext aft, 24), 20 mines

Electronic equipment Mars-16 hydrophone

Complement

66

Diving depth operational, m

80

Ship project history: Works over new cruiser submarine were begun in 1934. Created as a result XIV series submarines had double-hull construction (the light hull was fulfilled completely welded) and strong armament. Mines were carried in mine-ballast tank and were laid "under herself". Besides two main diesels there was one more, ensuring cruising speed and battery recharging. On trials it was possible to reach set parameters of speed, but war experience has shown, that the endurance is much less than ordered. Maximal diving depth was 100m. From lacks there were marked weakness of an light hull and unsuccessful form of fore end because of what the boat strongly buried into a wave. With beginning of operations absence of non-bubble torpedo launching system has made itself felt (it was considered, that such large submarines after torpedo launch will be held on depth) that compelled commanders to shoot from maximal distances.

Modernizations: 1942, K-3, K-22: + type 129 sonar

Naval service: K-1 was lost between 5 and 28/9/1943; presumably, she was lost on mines laid by German cruiser Admiral Hipper off Novaya Zemlya. K-2 was lost between 26/8 and 7/9/1942; presumably on a mine. K-3 was lost between 14 and 23/3/1943 off Porsanger-fjord. K-22 was lost 7/2/1943 off Cape Harbaken, possibly on a mine. K-23 was sunk 12/5/1942 by German submarine chasers UJ1101, UJ1109 and UJ1110 and aircraft at Cape Nordkyn.

K-1

Ivan Gogin, 2009-15