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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
RUSSIA / USSR
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BARS submarines (1915 - 1917), YORSH minelaying submarines (1917))


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Bars 1915

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate Modification
Барс [Bars]     Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg 8/1913 15/6/1915 8/1915 sunk 28/5/1917 Bars group
Гепард [Gepard]     Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg 9/1913 15/6/1915 7/1915 sunk 28/10/1917 Bars group
Вепрь [Vepr'], 10/1921- №11     Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg 8/1913 7/1915 9/1915 TS 6/1922, stricken 5/1926 Bars group
Тигр [Tigr], 10/1921- №1, 12/1922- Коммунар [Kommunar], 9/1934- Б-1 [B-1] 6, 1, 11   New Admiralty, St. Petersburg // Noblessner Yd, Revel 7/1914 18/9/1915 4/1916 stricken 3/1935 Bars group
Львица [Lvitsa]     New Admiralty, St. Petersburg // Noblessner Yd, Revel 7/1914 23/10/1915 6/1916 sunk 11/6/1917 Bars group
Волк [Volk], 10/1921- №2, 3/1923- Батрак [Batrak], 12/1932- У-1 [U-1], 9/1934- Б-5 [B-5] 2, 21   Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg 9/1913 7/11/1915 4/1916 TS 1925, stricken 3/1935 Bars group
Пантера [Pantera], 10/1921- №5, 12/1922- Комиссар [Komissar], 9/1934- Б-2 [B-2] 5, 13   New Admiralty, St. Petersburg // Noblessner Yd, Revel 7/1914 29/4/1916 8/1916 test ship 1/1940, charging plant 5/1943 Bars group
Рысь [Rys'], 10/1921- №7, 12/1922- Большевик [Bolshevik], 9/1934- Б-3 [B-3] 7, 14   Noblessner Yd, Revel 7/1914 26/4/1916 11/1916 collision 25/7/1935 Bars group
Кугуар [Kuguar], 10/1921- №10     New Admiralty, St. Petersburg // Noblessner Yd, Revel 7/1914 1916 1/1917 hulk 6/1922 Bars group
Единорог [Edinorog]     Baltic Wks, Petrograd 8/1915 7/1916 1/1917 foundered 25/2/1918 Bars group
Леопард [Leopard], 10/1921- №4, 12/1922- Красноармеец [Krasnoarmeets], 12/1932- У-3 [U-3], 9/1934- Б-7 [B-7] 4, 24   Noblessner, Revel 7/1914 7/1916 1/1917 TS 1932, charging plant 3/1936 Bars group
Змея [Zmeya], 10/1921- №6, 12/1922- Пролетарий [Proletariy], 12/1932- У-2 [U-2], 9/1934- Б-6 [B-6] 6, 23   Baltic Wks, Petrograd 7/1915 12/1916 4/1917 TS 12/1932, stricken 3/1935 Bars group
Угорь [Ugor']     Noblessner, Revel // Baltic Wks, Petrograd 7/1914 4/11/1916 5/1917 foundered 27/3/1920, salvaged, never repaired Bars group
Тур [Tur], 10/1921- №3, 12/1922- Товарищ [Tovarishch], 9/1934- Б-8 [B-8] 3, 12   Noblessner, Revel 7/1914 2/6/1916 8/1917 charging plant 3/1936 Bars group
Ягуар [Yaguar], 10/1921- №8, 12/1922- Краснофлотец [Krasnoflotets], 9/1934- Б-4 [B-4] 8, 22, 15   Noblessner, Revel 7/1914 12/1916 10/1917 charging plant 3/1936 Bars group
Язь [Yaz'], 10/1921- №14     Noblessner, Revel // Baltic Wks, Petrograd 7/1914 9/1917 --- suspended 11/1917 Bars group
Ёрш [Yorsh], 10/1921- №9, 12/1922- Рабочий [Rabochiy] 9   Noblessner, Revel // Baltic Wks, Petrograd 7/1914 5/1917 12/1917 collision 22/5/1931 Yorsh group
Форель [Forel'], 10/1921- №13     Noblessner, Revel // Baltic Wks, Petrograd 7/1914 10/1917 --- suspended 11/1917 Yorsh group
Гагара [Gagara]     Baltic Wks, Nikolayev 9/1915 7/10/1916 7/1917 captured by Germany 1/5/1918 (US4) Gagara group
Орлан [Orlan]     Naval, Nikolayev 10/1915 25/11/1916 9/1917 captured by Germany 1/5/1918 (US2) Gagara group
Буревестник [Burevestnik]     Naval, Nikolayev 10/1915 28/11/1916 10/1917 captured by Germany 1/5/1918 (US1), to Whites 12/1918, interned by France 12/1920 Gagara group
Утка [Utka]     Baltic Wks, Nikolayev 8/1915 10/1916 6/1917 captured by Germany 1/5/1918 (US3), to Whites 12/1918, interned by France 12/1920 Gagara group
Пеликан [Pelikan]     Naval, Nikolayev 10/1915 17/3/1917 --- suspended 12/1917 Gagara group
Лебедь [Lebed']     Naval, Nikolayev 10/1915 26/9/1917 --- suspended 12/1917 Gagara group


Technical data


Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

Bars group: 650 - 670 / 780 - 810

Yorsh group: 655 / 750

Gagara group: 650 / 785

Length, m

68.0

Breadth, m

Bars group: 4.27 - 4.51

Yorsh ggroup: 4.45

Gagara group: 4.48

Draught, m

Bars, Yorsh groups: 4.05 - 4.27

Gagara group: 4.12

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Bars, Gepard, Vepr', Tigr, Volk, Lvitsa, Pantera, Rys', Leopard, Yaguar, Tur: 2 Nobel or Kolomna diesels / 2 electric motors

Yaz': 2 Vickers diesels / 2 electric motors

Edinorog, Ugor', Yorsh group: 2 New London diesels / 2 electric motors

Zmeya, Kuguar: 2 Nobel diesels / 2 electric motors

Gagara group: 2 Kharkov diesels / 2 electric motors

Power, h. p.

Bars, Gepard, Vepr', Tigr, Volk, Lvitsa, Pantera, Rys', Leopard, Yaguar, Tur: 480 - 500 / 900

Yaz', Edinorog, Ugor', Yorsh group: 840 / 900

Zmeya, Kuguar: 2640 / 900

Gagara group: 2500 / 900

Max speed, kts

Bars, Gepard, Vepr', Tigr, Volk, Lvitsa, Pantera, Rys', Leopard, Yaguar, Tur: 9.7 - 12.5 / 7.8 - 9.5

Yaz', Edinorog, Ugor': 11.6 / 9.5

Yorsh group: 10.7 / 7.5

Zmeya, Kuguar: 16.7 - 17.6 / 8.7

Gagara group: 16 / 9

Fuel, t

Bars group: diesel oil 55

Yorsh group: diesel oil 61

Gagara group: diesel oil 54

Endurance, nm(kts)1900 - 2500(10) / 30(8)
Armament

Bars: 12 - 450 TT (2 bow, 2 stern, 8 side drop-collars, 12), 8 mines

Gepard, Vepr': 12 - 450 TT (2 bow, 2 stern, 8 side drop-collars, 12)

Tigr, Lvitsa: 1 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 1 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss, 1 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 12 - 450 TT (2 bow, 2 stern, 8 side drop-collars, 12), 8 mines

Volk, Yedinorog, Pantera, Rys', Leopard, Ugor', Tur: 1 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 1 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss, 1 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 12 - 450 TT (2 bow, 2 stern, 8 side drop-collars, 12)

Kuguar, Zmeya: 1 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss, 12 - 450 TT (2 bow, 2 stern, 8 side drop-collars, 12)

Yaguar: 1 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 1 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss, 1 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 8 - 450 TT (2 bow, 2 stern, 4 side drop-collars, 8)

Yorsh: 1 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss, 1 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 2 - 450 TT (bow, 2), 42 mines

Gagara, Utka: 2 x 1 - 76/28 Lender, 1 x 1 - 37/30 Maxim, 8 - 450 TT (2 bow, 2 stern, 4 side drop-collars, 8)

Orlan, Burevestnik: 1 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 1 x 1 - 7.6/94, 8 - 450 TT (2 bow, 2 stern, 4 side drop-collars, 8)

Complement

33 - 44

Diving depth operational, m

50



Standard scale images


<i>Bars</i> 1916
Bars 1916
<i>Yorsh</i> 1917
Yorsh 1917
Lvitsa 1917
Lvitsa 1917


Graphics


<i>Bars</i> 1915
Bars 1915
<i> Gepard</i>
Gepard
<i> Tigr</i>
Tigr


Ship project history


Development of submarine Akula. Single-hulled, pressure hull had no watertight bulkheads. Project of I. G. Bubnov. It was supposed to equip submarines with two diesels on 1320hp, that would allow to ensure 18kts surface speed. However at completion various available diesels have been used. Besides, boats differed among themselves by artillery. Under project it was provided to arm they by 1 57mm and 1 37mm guns.

Yorsh group submarines were ordered among Bars class submarines. Proceeding from experience of service of Black Sea submarine Krab, during building they were converted to minelayers. Differed from a prototype by presence of mine tubes, central ballast tank volume and absence of stern TTs. Single-hulled, pressure hull has no watertight bulkheads.

Utka group submarines differed from a prototype by presence of bilge keels and device, allowing to lay down on a hard ground. Single-hulled, without watertight bulkheads.

Yaz ` was never completed in the absence of engines, and scrapped in 1925. Forel ` was never completed in the absence of diesels. She staid in port up to 1951 and was scrapped.

Modernizations


12/1915, Bars, Tigr, Lvitsa: - mines.

mid-1916 - early 1917, Bars, Gepard: + 1 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 1 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss

mid-1916 - early 1917, Vepr': - 8 - 450 TT (side drop-collars, 4 torpedoes at all); + 1 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 1 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss

1925: Kommunar, Batrak, Komissar, Bolshevik, Krasnoarmeets, Tovarishch, Krasnoflotets were armed with 2 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 4 - 450 TT (2 bow, 2 stern, 4)

1925: Proletariy: was armed with 1 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 4 - 450 TT (2 bow, 2 stern 4)

1925: Rabochiy: was armed with 1 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 2 - 450 TT (bow, 2), 42 mines

1935, B-2: diesels were replaced by 2 38B8 (1300hp, 15.5kts surfaced); + 1 x 1 - 45/43 21K

Naval service


Bars (28/5/1917), Gepard (28/10/1917) and L`vitsa (11/6/1917) were lost for unknown causes, presumable on mines in Baltic. Utka and Burevestnik have been withdrawn by Whites to Bizerte where they were broken up. Orlan, Gagara and incomplete Pelikan and Lebed ` were scuttled by Whites off Sevastopol and Odessa. Orlan and Pelikan were salvaged and broken up in the mid-1920s. Edinorog foundered 25/2/1918 being towed in strong ice in Gulf of Finland. Ugor`27/3/1920 was sunk by ice drift on Neva, salvaged and 23/9/1924 sunk by flood at Kronshtadt, salvaged again and broken up.

B-3 collided with battleship Marat 25/7/1935 and sunk, later salvaged and scrapped. Rabochiy was sunk 22/5/1931 after collision with submarine Krasnoarmeets. In 1933 she was raised and handed over on demolition.