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fighting ships of the world

IMPERIAL RUSSIAN NAVY / SOVIET NAVY (RUSSIA / USSR)

OTHER FIGHTING SHIPS

TAYFUN river gunboats (monitors) (1910)

Uragan 1914

Krasnyy Vostok 1945

Sverdlov 1945

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Тайфун <Tayfun>, 8/1932- Вострецов <Vostretsov>, 1/1939- Дзержинский <Dzerzhinskiy>   Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg // Kokuy 7/1907 11/8/1909 8/1910 captured by Japan 7/9/1918, re-commissioned by Red Navy spring 1921, stricken 3/1958
Шторм <Shtorm>, 4/1922- Ленин <Lenin>   Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg // Kokuy 1907 6/1909 8/1910 captured by Japan 7/9/1918, re-commissioned by Red Navy spring 1921, stricken 3/1958
Вихрь <Vikhr'>, 10/1923- Амур <Amur>, 6/1933- Вихрь <Vikhr'>, 7/1934- Дальневосточный комсомолец <Dalnevostochnyy Komsomolets>   Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg // Kokuy 7/1907 12/7/1909 9/1910 captured by Japan 7/9/1918, re-commissioned by Red Navy 10/1928 as seaplane tender, monitor 7/1934, stricken 3/1958
Смерч <Smerch>, 8/1932- Триандафилов <Triandafilov>, 1/1939- Киров <Kirov>   Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg // Kokuy 7/1907 7/1909 9/1910 captured by Japan 7/9/1918, re-commissioned by Red Navy 7/1932, stricken 3/1958
Ураган <Uragan>, 4/1922- Троцкий <Trotskiy>, 12/1927- Красный Восток <Krasnyy Vostok>   Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg // Kokuy 1907 7/1909 9/1910 captured by Japan 7/9/1918, re-commissioned by Red Navy spring 1921, stricken 3/1958
Вьюга <Vyuga>, 2/1922- Свердлов <Sverdlov>   Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg // Kokuy 8/1907 12/7/1909 9/1910 captured by Japan 7/9/1918, re-commissioned by Red Navy summer 1921, stricken 3/1958
Гроза <Groza>   Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg // Kokuy 1907 7/1909 9/1910 captured by Japan 7/9/1918
Шквал <Shkval>, 2/1927- Сун-Ят-Сен <Sun-Yat-Sen>, 7/1949- Сучан <Suchan>   Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg // Kokuy 1907 7/1909 10/1910 surrendered to Japanese 13/9/1918, returned 5/1925, stricken 3/1958

  

Displacement normal, t

977

Displacement full, t

1000

Length, m

70.9

Breadth, m

12.8

Draught, m

1.43

No of shafts

4

Machinery

diesels

Power, h. p.

1000

Max speed, kts

10

Fuel, t

diesel oil 112

Endurance, nm(kts) 3700(8)
Armour, mm belt: 76 - 38, bulkheads: 9, turrets: 76, deck: 19, CT: 51

Armament

2 x 1 - 152/49, 2 x 2 - 120/49 Vickers, 6 x 1 - 7.6/94

Complement

117

Ship project history: Turret gunboats, ordered by "Special committee on organisation of coastal defence" 12/5/1907 for Amur flotilla. They were built in St. Petersburg then transported in the taken apart kind by railway to Sretensk where they were assambled and launched. First-ever surface ships with main diesels. Differed by rather strong for the sizes protection and armament in turrets. Ships had original form of aft end excluding effect of "suction" of flat bottom on shoal.

Ship protection: Ships had considerable heavy protection, all guns placed in well-protected turrets.

Modernizations: 1921, Shtorm: - 2 x 1 - 152/49, 1 x 1 - 7.6/94

1921, Uragan, Vyuga: - 2 x 2 - 120/49, 6 x 1 - 7.6/94

1923, Sverdlov; 1924, Trotskiy: + 2 x 1 - 152/49, 2 x 1 - 76/28 8K, 4 x 1 - 7.6/94

1927, Sun-Yat-Sen: - 2 x 1 - 152/49, 2 x 1 - 7.6/94; + 2 x 2 - 120/49 Vickers, 2 x 1 - 76/28 8K

1928, Lenin: - 1 x 1 - 7.6/94; + 2 x 2 - 120/49 Vickers, 2 x 1 - 76/28 8K

1928, Amur: - 2 x 1 - 152/49, 2 x 2 - 120/49, 4 x 1 - 7.6/94; + 4 seaplanes

1931, Krasnyy Vostok: - 4 x 1 - 152/49; + 4 x 2 - 120/49 Vickers

1932, Vostretsov, Triandafilov: - 2 x 1 - 152/49, 2 x 2 - 120/49, 6 x 1 - 7.6/94; + 4 x 1 - 130/53, 2 x 1 - 76/28 8K

1934, Dalnevostochnyy Komsomolets: diesels were replaced by more powerful ones (2970bhp, 16.5kts); - 4 seaplanes; + 4 x 1 - 130/53

1935, Sverdlov: diesels were replaced by more powerful ones (2970bhp, 16.6kts);

1937, Vostretsov, Triandafilov; 1938, Sun-Yat-Sen: diesels were replaced by more powerful ones (1870bhp, 11.3kts); - 2 x 1 - 76/28; + 2 x 1 - 45/43 21K

1939, Dalnevostochnyy Komsomolets: + 2 x 1 - 76/28 8K, 2 x 1 - 7.6/94

1939, Kirov: - 2 x 1 - 45/43 21K, + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 4 x 1 - 12.7/79, 5 x 1 - 7.6/94

1940, Krasnyy Vostok: diesels were replaced by more powerful ones (2970bhp, 16.5kts); - 2 x 1 - 76/28, 4 x 1 - 7.6/94; + 2 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 4 x 1 - 12.7/79

1942, Dzerzhinskiy: - 2 x 1 - 45/43; + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 4 x 1 - 12.7/79, 5 x 1 - 7.6/94

1942, Lenin: - 2 x 1 - 45/43, 2 x 1 - 7.6/94; + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 1 x 2 - 12.7/79, 3 x 1 - 12.7/79

1942, Sverdlov: - 2 x 1 - 45/43; + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 4 x 1 - 12.7/79, 1 x 1 - 7.6/94

1942, Sun-Yat-Sen: - 2 x 1 - 45/43, 2 x 1 - 7.6/94; + 2 x 1 - 85/49 90K, 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk IV

1944, Dalnevostochnyy Komsomolets: - 2 x 1 - 76/28, 4 x 1 - 7.6/94; + 2 x 1 - 85/49 90K, 4 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk IV

1944, Krasnyy Vostok: - 2 x 1 - 45/43, 4 x 1 - 12.7/79; + 2 x 1 - 85/49 90K, 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk IV, 2 x 1 - 7.6/94

Naval service: In days of the First World War diesels were removed from ships for installation on Baltic submarines, then, during Civil war and intervention, they were partly captured by Japanese, partly seriously damaged and incapacitated (Groza completely). Restoration of remaining ships was started in 1920s. Thus three ships received 4 twin 120mm guns in turrets (because of a lack of guns originally part of ships had wooden dummy barrels established), and Sverdlov received 4 single 152mm guns in deck mounts. 6/11/1928 ships of class were re-rated as monitors. Vikhr in 1927 was converted to seaplane tender Amur. Groza 23/12/1921 was blown up by crew at Khabarovsk to avoid capture by Japanese and later never repaired.

Shtorm 1910

Lenin

© Ivan Gogin, 2009-14