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fighting ships of the world

SOVIET NAVY (USSR)

MINE WARFARE SHIPS

T-351 and T-390 minesweepers (project 253L types MT-1 and MT-2) (1943-1946)

T-390 1945

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
type MT-1
T-351   189 Yd, Leningrad spring 1943 summer 1943 late 1943 auxiliary 1954
T-352   189 Yd, Leningrad 6/1943 early 1944 5/1944 auxiliary 1954
T-353   189 Yd, Leningrad 8/1943 early 1944 5/1944 sunk 8/9/1944
T-354   189 Yd, Leningrad 8/1943 early 1944 5/1944 auxiliary 1953
T-355   189 Yd, Leningrad 10/1943 spring 1944 6/1944 sunk 20/8/1945
T-356   189 Yd, Leningrad 10/1943 spring 1944 6/1944 auxiliary 1954
T-357   189 Yd, Leningrad 11/1943 summer 1944 10/1944 sunk 12/6/1945
T-358   189 Yd, Leningrad 11/1943 summer 1944 10/1944 stricken 1956
T-359   189 Yd, Leningrad 11/1943 summer 1944 10/1944 stricken 1956
T-360   189 Yd, Leningrad 11/1943 summer 1944 10/1944 stricken 1956
T-361   189 Yd, Leningrad 12/1943 spring 1944 7/1944 stricken 1956
T-362   189 Yd, Leningrad 12/1943 spring 1944 7/1944 stricken 1956
T-363   189 Yd, Leningrad 12/1943 spring 1944 8/1944 stricken 1956
T-364   189 Yd, Leningrad 12/1943 spring 1944 8/1944 stricken 1956
T-370, 1956- <Agan>   190 Yd, Leningrad summer 1943 spring 1944 7/1944 TS 1956, auxiliary 1957
T-371   190 Yd, Leningrad summer 1943 spring 1944 7/1944 stricken 1956
T-372, 1/1956- <Agul>   190 Yd, Leningrad summer 1943 spring 1944 8/1944 TS 1/1956, auxiliary 12/1956
T-373   190 Yd, Leningrad summer 1943 spring 1944 8/1944 stricken 1956
T-374   190 Yd, Leningrad late 1943 summer 1944 9/1944 stricken 1956
T-375   190 Yd, Leningrad late 1943 summer 1944 9/1944 stricken 1956
T-376   190 Yd, Leningrad late 1943 summer 1944 10/1944 auxiliary 1956
T-377   190 Yd, Leningrad late 1943 spring 1944 10/1944 sunk 5/12/1944
T-378   370 Yd, Leningrad late 1943 spring 1944 7/1944 auxiliary 2/1953
T-379   370 Yd, Leningrad late 1943 spring 1944 8/1944 sunk 23/10/1944
T-380   370 Yd, Leningrad early 1944 summer 1944 10/1944 auxiliary 5/1956
T-381   370 Yd, Leningrad early 1944 summer 1944 12/1944 auxiliary 2/1953
T-382   370 Yd, Leningrad early 1944 autumn 1944 2/1945 auxiliary 2/1953
T-386   189 Yd, Leningrad 2/1944 summer 1944 10/1944 stricken 1956
T-387   189 Yd, Leningrad 2/1944 summer 1944 10/1944 sunk 28/11/1944
T-388   189 Yd, Leningrad 3/1944 autumn 1944 12/1944 stricken 1956
T-389   189 Yd, Leningrad 3/1944 autumn 1944 12/1944 auxiliary 1956
type MT-2
T-222   189 Yd, Leningrad late 1944 spring 1945 8/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-223   189 Yd, Leningrad late 1944 spring 1945 8/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-224   189 Yd, Leningrad late 1944 spring 1945 8/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-225   189 Yd, Leningrad late 1944 spring 1945 8/1945 to Poland 4/1946 (Albatros)
T-226   189 Yd, Leningrad late 1944 spring 1945 8/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-227   189 Yd, Leningrad late 1944 spring 1945 8/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-228   189 Yd, Leningrad late 1944 spring 1945 8/1945 to Poland 4/1946 (Czapla)
T-231   189 Yd, Leningrad late 1944 spring 1945 8/1945 to Poland 4/1946 (Jaskolka)
T-232   189 Yd, Leningrad late 1944 spring 1945 9/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-233   189 Yd, Leningrad late 1944 spring 1945 9/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-234   189 Yd, Leningrad late 1944 spring 1945 9/1945 auxiliary 1956
T-235   189 Yd, Leningrad late 1944 spring 1945 9/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-236   189 Yd, Leningrad late 1944 spring 1945 9/1945 auxiliary 1956
T-237   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 10/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-238   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 10/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-239   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 10/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-240   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 10/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-241   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 10/1945 to Poland 4/1946 (Jastrzab)
T-242   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 12/1945 hulk 1957
T-243   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 12/1945 to Poland 4/1946 (Kania)
T-244   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 12/1945 to Poland 4/1946 (Kondor)
T-245   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 12/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-246   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 12/1945 to Poland 4/1946 (Kormoran)
T-247   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 autumn 1945 12/1945 auxiliary 1956
T-248   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 autumn 1945 12/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-249   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 autumn 1945 12/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-365   189 Yd, Leningrad spring 1944 spring 1945 6/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-366   189 Yd, Leningrad spring 1944 spring 1945 7/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-367   189 Yd, Leningrad summer 1944 spring 1945 7/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-368   189 Yd, Leningrad spring 1944 spring 1945 6/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-369   189 Yd, Leningrad summer 1944 spring 1945 7/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-383   370 Yd, Leningrad early 1944 spring 1945 8/1945 survey vessel 1956
T-384   370 Yd, Leningrad early 1944 spring 1945 8/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-385   370 Yd, Leningrad spring 1944 summer 1945 autumn 1945 auxiliary 9/1954
T-390   189 Yd, Leningrad 6/1944 autumn 1944 12/1944 auxiliary 1956
T-391   189 Yd, Leningrad 6/1944 autumn 1944 12/1944 auxiliary 1956
T-434   370 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 autumn 1945 11/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-435   370 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 autumn 1945 late 1945 auxiliary 10/1955
T-439   370 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 autumn 1945 late 1945 stricken late 1950s
T-440   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 spring 1945 6/1945 test ship 1956
T-441   189 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 spring 1945 6/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-459   189 Yd, Leningrad 4/1944 autumn 1944 11/1944 auxiliary 1956
T-460   189 Yd, Leningrad 4/1944 autumn 1944 11/1944 auxiliary 1956
T-461   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 spring 1945 6/1945 hulk 1956
T-462   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 spring 1945 6/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-463   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 spring 1945 7/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-464   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 spring 1945 7/1945 stricken late 1950s
T-465   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 autumn 1945 late 1945 to Poland 4/1946 (Krogulec)
T-466   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 spring 1945 summer 1945 stricken late 1950s
T-467   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 autumn 1945 late 1945 to Poland 4/1946 (Orlik)
T-468   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 spring 1945 summer 1945 stricken late 1950s
T-469   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 spring 1945 summer 1945 stricken late 1950s
T-470   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 spring 1945 summer 1945 stricken late 1950s
T-471   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 early 1946 stricken late 1950s
T-472   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 late 1945 stricken late 1950s
T-473   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 late 1945 auxiliary 1956
T-474   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 late 1945 stricken late 1950s
T-475   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 late 1945 auxiliary 1956
T-476   190 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 late 1945 stricken late 1950s
T-477   363 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 autumn 1945 stricken late 1950s
T-478   363 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 summer 1945 late 1945 stricken late 1950s
T-479   363 Yd, Leningrad early 1945 spring 1945 summer 1945 stricken late 1950s

 

Displacement standard, t

MT-1: 113

MT-2: 128

Displacement full, t

MT-1: 127

MT-2: 143

Length, m

38.0

Breadth, m

MT-1: 5.70

MT-2: 5.72

Draught, m

MT-1: 1.37

MT-2: 1.44

No of shafts

3

Machinery

Superior diesels

Power, h. p.

MT-1: 690

MT-2: 480

Max speed, kts

MT-1: 14

MT-2: 12.5

Fuel, t

MT-1: diesel oil 10

MT-2: diesel oil 12

Endurance, nm(kts)

MT-1: 2500(8.6)

MT-2: 3100(6.2)

Armament

MT-1: 2 x 1 - 45/65 21KM, 2 x 1 - 12.7/79, 12 mines, sweeps, 2 DCR (12)

MT-2: 2 x 1 - 45/68 21KM, 2 x 2 - 12.7/79, 12 mines, sweeps, 2 DCR (12)

Sensors

Tamir-10 sonar

Complement

21

Ship project history: Designed in 1942 as "seagoing minesweeping boat" (project 253) in variants in steel and wooden hulls. However then the project has been corrected under building conditions in beleaguered Leningrad. Transition to rectilinear hull form became the main change. Project 253L ("Leningrad") was approved 14/4/1943. Because of displacement usually ships of project 253L received a nickname "hundred-tonners".
   Ships concerned to two series: 34 ships of type MT-1 and 58 ships of type MT-2. Latter differed by more powerful generators, allowing to use magnetic sweeps (series MT-1 minesweepers could use it only in pair).

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: T-353 was lost 8/9/1944 on a mine in Narva Bay. T-377 was lost 5/12/1944 as a result of accident in Gulf of Riga. T-387 was sunk 28/11/1944 by German submarine U679 off Paldiski. T-379 23/10/1944 was sunk by unknown cause in harbour of Tallinn; subsequently she was salvaged and commissioned again as TS. T-355 and T-357 were lost on mines after war: former 20/8/1945 in Southern Baltic, latter 12/6/1945 in Danzig Bight.

T-442

T-366

Ivan Gogin, 2009-15