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fighting ships of the world

SOVIET NAVY (USSR)

MINE WARFARE SHIPS

FUGAS, VZRYVATEL, PARAVAN and GAFEL minesweepers (projects 3, 53, 58 and 53u) (1936-1946)

T-207 Shpil 1940

T-1 Strela 1943

T-407 Mina 1944

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
project 3
Заряд <Zaryad>, 7/1939- Т-201 Заряд <T-201 Zaryad>   190 Yd, Leningrad 10/1933 10/10/1934 12/1936 sunk 4/8/1941
Буй <Buy>, 7/1939- Т-202 Буй <T-202 Buy>   190 Yd, Leningrad 12/1933 5/11/1934 8/1938 sunk 15/8/1941
Патрон <Patron>, 7/1939- Т-203 Патрон <T-203 Patron>   190 Yd, Leningrad 12/1933 30/9/1934 7/1938 sunk 25/10/1941
Фугас <Fugas>, 7/1939- Т-204 Фугас <T-204 Fugas>   190 Yd, Leningrad 1/1934 25/10/1934 12/1936 sunk 24/8/1942
Трал <Tral>, 7/1939- Т-401 Трал <T-401 Tral>, 8/1944- ЭМТЩ-401 Трал <EMTShch-401 Tral> 11 201 Yd, Sevastopol 11/1933 23/8/1934 12/1936 stricken 9/1955
Минреп <Minrep>, 7/1939- Т-402 Минреп <T-402 Minrep> 12 201 Yd, Sevastopol 11/1933 14/1/1935 1/1937 sunk 12/9/1941
Груз <Gruz>, 7/1939- Т-403 Груз <T-403 Gruz> 13, 12 201 Yd, Sevastopol 3/1934 21/9/1935 7/1937 sunk 27/2/1943
Щит <Shchit>, 7/1939- Т-404 Щит <T-404 Shchit> 14, 13 201 Yd, Sevastopol 1/1934 17/12/1935 10/1937 stricken 4/1956
project 53
Стрела <Strela>, 7/1939- Т-1 Стрела <T-1 Strela>   190 Yd, Leningrad // 196 Yd, Leningrad 5/1935 17/5/1936 8/1938 stricken 9/1955
Трос <Tros>, 7/1939- Т-2 Трос <T-2 Tros>   190 Yd, Leningrad // 196 Yd, Leningrad 5/1935 21/6/1936 9/1938 to North Korea 12/1953
Подсекатель <Podsekatel>, 7/1939- Т-3 Подсекатель <T-3 Podsekatel>   190 Yd, Leningrad // 196 Yd, Leningrad 9/1935 10/12/1936 11/1938 stricken 6/1950
Проводник <Provodnik>, 7/1939- Т-4 Проводник <T-4 Provodnik>   190 Yd, Leningrad // 196 Yd, Leningrad 6/1935 30/10/1936 12/1938 stricken 10/1950
Веха <Vekha>, 7/1939- Т-7 Веха <T-7 Vekha>   201 Yd, Sevastopol 12/1936 14/3/1938 9/1938 stricken 10/1950
Чека <Cheka>, 7/1939- Т-8 Чека <T-8 Cheka>   201 Yd, Sevastopol 12/1936 14/3/1938 11/1938 to North Korea 12/1953
Взрыватель <Vzryvatel>, 7/1939- Т-405 Взрыватель <T-405 Vzryvatel> 15 201 Yd, Sevastopol 8/1936 27/4/1937 4/1938 sunk 5/1/1942
Искатель <Iskatel>, 7/1939- Т-406 Искатель <T-406 Iskatel> 21 201 Yd, Sevastopol 7/1936 29/8/1937 4/1938 stricken 12/1954
Мина <Mina>, 7/1939- Т-407 Мина <T-407 Mina>, 8/1944- ЭМТЩ-407 Мина <EMTShch-407 Mina> 22 201 Yd, Sevastopol 2/1937 20/8/1937 8/1938 stricken 4/1956
Защитник <Zashchitnik>, 7/1939- Т-411 Защитник <T-411 Zashchitnik> 26, 14 201 Yd, Sevastopol 12/1936 31/7/1937 7/1938 sunk 15/6/1943
project 53u
Гафель <Gafel>, 7/1939- Т-205 Гафель <T-205 Gafel>   363 Yd, Leningrad 10/1937 29/7/1938 7/1939 stricken 9/1955
Верп <Verp>, 7/1939- Т-206 Верп <T-206 Verp>   363 Yd, Leningrad 10/1937 17/7/1938 6/1939 sunk 14/11/1941
Т-207 Шпиль <T-207 Shpil>   363 Yd, Leningrad 11/1937 18/8/1938 9/1939 stricken 9/1955
Т-208 Шкив <T-208 Shkiv>   363 Yd, Leningrad // 196 Yd, Leningrad 11/1937 31/10/1938 10/1939 sunk 24/6/1941
Т-209 Кнехт <T-209 Knekht>   363 Yd, Leningrad 6/1938 17/8/1939 6/1940 sunk 24/8/1941
Т-210 Гак <T-210 Gak>   363 Yd, Leningrad 8/1938 15/4/1939 11/1939 stricken 1/1961
Т-211 Рым <T-211 Rym>   363 Yd, Leningrad 9/1938 5/5/1939 6/1940 stricken 2/1960
Т-212 Штаг <T-212 Shtag>   363 Yd, Leningrad 11/1938 2/12/1939 7/1940 sunk 3/8/1941
Т-213 Крамбол <T-213 Krambol>   370 Yd, Leningrad 8/1938 30/1/1939 11/1939 sunk 11/8/1941
Т-214 Бугель <T-214 Bugel>   370 Yd, Leningrad 8/1938 31/1/1939 6/1940 sunk 24/8/1941
T-215   363 Yd, Leningrad 4/1939 17/12/1939 7/1940 stricken 6/1961
T-216   363 Yd, Leningrad 9/1939 30/4/1940 12/1940 sunk 6/7/1941
Т-217 Контр-адмирал Юрковский <T-217 Kontr-admiral Yurkovskiy>   363 Yd, Leningrad 9/1939 31/7/1940 8/1941 stricken 6/1961
T-218   363 Yd, Leningrad 3/1939 24/11/1939 12/1940 stricken 3/1958
Т-219 Контр-адмирал Хорошхин <T-219 Kontr-admiral Khoroshkhin>   363 Yd, Leningrad // 370 Yd, Leningrad 4/1941 24/9/1943 9/1944 stricken 3/1958
T-220   363 Yd, Leningrad // 370 Yd, Leningrad 4/1941 16/11/1943 10/1946 stricken 1/1961
T-221, 11/1949- Т-221 Дмитрий Лысов <T-221 Dmitriy Lysov>   363 Yd, Leningrad // 370 Yd, Leningrad 6/1941 6/6/1946 11/1946 stricken 6/1961
project 58
Параван <Paravan>, 7/1939- Т-5 Параван <T-5 Paravan>   201 Yd, Sevastopol 3/1937 28/1/1938 12/1938 stricken 10/1950
Капсюль <Kapsyul>, 7/1939- Т-6 Капсюль <T-6 Kapsyul>   201 Yd, Sevastopol 3/1937 28/1/1938 1/1939 stricken 10/1950
Якорь <Yakor>, 7/1939- Т-408 Якорь <T-408 Yakor> 23 201 Yd, Sevastopol 3/1937 14/1/1938 2/1939 stricken 4/1956
Гарпун <Garpun>, 7/1939- Т-409 Гарпун <T-409 Garpun> 24 201 Yd, Sevastopol 3/1937 14/1/1938 2/1939 stricken 4/1956
Взрыв <Vzryv>, 7/1939- Т-410 Взрыв <T-410 Vzryv> 25 201 Yd, Sevastopol 4/1937 6/11/1938 3/1939 sunk 2/9/1944
T-412, 1/1943- Т-412 А. Расскин <T-412 A. Rasskin>, 8/1944- Т-412 Арсений Расскин <T-412 Arseniy Rasskin> 16, 15 201 Yd, Sevastopol 4/1939 5/11/1939 3/1941 stricken 4/1956
T-413 27 201 Yd, Sevastopol 4/1939 12/10/1940 4/1941 sunk 13/6/1942
T-414   201 Yd, Sevastopol 1/1941 29/4/1941 --- cancelled
T-415   201 Yd, Sevastopol 3/1941 5/11/1947 --- cancelled

 

 

Displacement standard, t

project 3: 428

project 53: 410

project 53u: 417

project 58: 406

Displacement full, t

project 3: 445

project 53: 503

project 53u: 480

project 58: 459

Length, m

62.0

Breadth, m

project 3, 53, 58: 7.20

project 53u: 7.40

Draught, m

project 3: 2.03

project 53: 2.26

project 53u: 2.16

project 58: 2.13

No of shafts

2

Machinery

project 3, 53: 2 42-BMRN-6 diesels

project 53u, 58: 2 BD diesels

Power, h. p.

project 3, 53: 2800

project 53u, 58: 2900

Max speed, kts

project 3, 58: 18.5

project 53: 17.8

project 53u: 18.2

Fuel, t

project 3, 53u, 58: diesel oil 61.5

project 53: diesel oil 60

Endurance, nm(kts)

project 3: 2900(14.9)

project 53: 3000(13.9)

project 53u: 2840(13.9)

project 58: 3300(14.7)

Armament

project 3: 1 x 1 - 100/49 B-24, 1 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 2 x 1 - 12.7/79, 2 DCR (20), 31 mines, sweeps

project 53, 53u, 58: 1 x 1 - 100/54 B-24-BM, 1 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 2 x 1 - 12.7/79, 2 DCR (20), 31 mines, sweeps

T-217 Kontr-admiral Yurkovskiy, T-412, 413: 1 x 1 - 100/54 B-24-BM, 1 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 2 x 1 - 12.7/79, 2 DCR (20), 31 mines, sweeps

T-219 Kontr-admiral Khoroshkhin: 1 x 1 - 100/54 B-24-BM, 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 4 x 2 - 12.7/79, 2  DCR (20), 31 mines, sweeps

Complement

project 3: 42

project 53: 44

project 53u, 58: 47

Ship project history: Fast coastal minesweepers. Requirements for given class ship was made in 1925, technical requirements on their basis were given out in 1930. Initial purpose was minesweeping conducting of submarines and fast escorts. At a choice of displacement, armament and machinery structure as starting point French Diligente class aviso was used. The project was approved 27/3/1932. During building of first ships on project 3 the insufficient stability was discovered, therefore subsequent ships of this type were built under modified projects (project 53 provided solid ballast, project 53u hull broadening, project 58 change of gears arrangement).
    Fugas class minesweepers appeared one of the most successful ships of Soviet Navy. Possessed high seaworthiness and damage tolerance. The deep draught, weak antiaircraft armament, absence of a sonar and sweeps against mines of new types (with acoustic and magnetic fuses) concerned to lacks, the latter problem was partly indemnified during modernizations.

Modernizations: winter 1941/42, T-204 Fugas, T-205 Gafel, T-207 Shpil, T-210 Gak, T-211 Rym, T-215, T-217 Kontr-admiral Yurkovskiy, T-218: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1942, T-401 Tral, T-403 Gruz, T-404 Shchit, T-406 Iskatel, T-409 Garpun, T-410 Vzryv, T-411 Zashchitnik, T-412; 1943, T-407 Mina, T-408 Yakor: + 3 x 1 - 37/63 70K

1942 - 1943, T-1 Strela, T-2 Tros, T-3 Podsekatel, T-4 Provodnik, T-5 Paravan, T-6 Kapsyul, T-7 Vekha, T-8 Cheka: - 1 x 1 - 45/43; + 3 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 2 x 1 - 12.7/79

1/1943, T-406 Iskatel, T-409 Garpun: + 2 x 1 - 533 TT

1943, T-205 Gafel: - 1 x 1 - 45/43, 2 x 1 - 12.7/79; + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 4 x 2 - 12.7/79

late 1943, T-406 Iskatel, T-409 Garpun: - 2 x 1 - 533 TT

Naval service: All losses on Baltic fall to mines: as a result of mining were lost: T-208 Shkiv 24/6/1941 in Hari-Kurk Strait; T-216 6/7/1941 at Cape Tahkuna; T-212 Shtag 3/8/1941 in Soela-Vjajn Strait; T-201 Zaryad 4/8/1941 at Ristna beacon; T-213 Krambol 11/8/1941 and T-202 Buy 15/8/1941 off Cape Yuminda; T-209 Knekht and T-214 Bugel 24/8/1941, T-203 Patron 25/10/1941, T-206 Verp 14/11/1941 at Keri Island; T-204 Fugas 24/8/1942 E off Gotland. T-210 Gak 2/7/1944 was mined and has sunk off Koivisto, but soon salvaged and in 1944 commissioned again.
   T-402 Minrep 12/9/1941 was lost on a mine at Feodosia. T-405 Vzryvatel 5/1/1942 was damaged by German aircraft and ran aground at Feodosia where in the morning 6/1/1942 destroyed by German field artillery. T-413 13/6/1942 was sunk by German aircraft at Cape Fiolent. T-403 Gruz 27/2/1943 was sunk by German MTBs S28, 51, 72, 102 at Myskhako. T-411 Zashchitnik 15/6/1943 was sunk by German submarine U24  off Sukhumi. T-410 Vzryv 2/9/1944 was sunk by German submarine U19 at Constanza.

T-404 Shchit

T-3 Podsekatel

T-206 Verp

 

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© Ivan Gogin, 2009-14