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IMPERIAL RUSSIAN NAVY / SOVIET NAVY (RUSSIA / USSR)

AMPHIBIOUS SHIPS AND CRAFT

"ELPIDIFOR" type multipurpose ships (1918-1924)

Elpidifor No410 1918

Krasnaya Abkhaziya 1939

 

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Эльпидифор №410 <Elpidifor No410> (ex-T.310)   Russud, Nikolayev 10/1916 1917 1918 landing ship / minesweeper; captured by Germany 4/1918 (FD20), captured by British-French 11/1919, to Whites 11/1919, interned by France 29/12/1920
Эльпидифор №411 <Elpidifor No411> (ex-T.311)   Russud, Nikolayev 10/1916 1917 1918 landing ship / minesweeper; captured by Germany 4/1918 (FD25), captured by British-French 11/1919, to Whites 11/1919, interned by France 29/12/1920
Эльпидифор №412 <Elpidifor No412> (ex-T.312)   Russud, Nikolayev 10/1916 1917 1918 landing ship / minesweeper; captured by Germany 4/1918 (FD26), captured by British-French 11/1919, to Whites 11/1919, interned by France 29/12/1920
Эльпидифор №413 <Elpidifor No413> (ex-T.313), 12/1923- Красная Абхазия <Krasnaya Abkhaziya>   Russud, Nikolayev 11/1916 16/5/1920 10/1920 minesweeper; gunboat 2/1922, survey vessel 3/1947
Эльпидифор №414 <Elpidifor No414> (ex-T.314), 12/1923- Красный Аджаристан <Krasnyy Adzharistan>   Russud, Nikolayev 1916 1920 4/1921 minesweeper; gunboat 2/1922, test ship 3/1940, gunboat 6/1940, depot ship 9/1945
Эльпидифор №415 <Elpidifor No415> (ex-T.315)   Russud, Nikolayev 1/1917 16/5/1920 7/1920 minesweeper; beached 9/1/1921
Эльпидифор №416 <Elpidifor No416> (ex-№22 <No22>, ex-Эльпидифор №416 <Elpidifor No416>, ex-T.316), 2/1925- Красный Крым <Krasnyy Krym>, 10/1939- Красная Армения <Krasnaya Armeniya>   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 1920 11/1924 minesweeper; minelayer 6/1926, gunboat 6/1928, sunk 22/9/1941
Эльпидифор №417 <Elpidifor No417> (ex-T.317), 9/1924- №23 <No23>, 2/1925- Красная Грузия <Krasnaya Gruziya>   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 1922 10/1923 minesweeper; minelayer 3/1926, gunboat 6/1928, sunk 27/2/1943
T-512 (ex-Валерий Чкалов <Valeriy Chkalov>, ex-Василий Фомин <Vasiliy Fomin>, ex-Эльпидифор №418 <Elpidifor No418>, ex-T.318)   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 1920s 7/1922 // 6/1941 completed mercantile, minesweeper 6/1941, cable vessel 3/1942
Эльпидифор №419 <Elpidifor No419> (ex-T.319)   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 1920s 1920s//--- completed mercantile
Эльпидифор №420 <Elpidifor No420> (ex-T.320)   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 1920s 1920s//--- completed mercantile
Эльпидифор №421 <Elpidifor No421> (ex-T.321)   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 1920s 1920s//--- completed mercantile
№24 <No24> (ex-Эльпидифор №422 <Elpidifor No422>, ex-T.322), 2/1925- Красная Молдавия <Krasnaya Moldaviya>   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 1923 10/1924 minesweeper; oiler 10/1927
Эльпидифор №423 <Elpidifor No423> (ex-T.323)   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 1920s 1920s//--- completed mercantile
Эльпидифор №424 <Elpidifor No424> (ex-T.324)   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 1920s 1920s//--- completed mercantile
Эльпидифор №425 <Elpidifor No425> (ex-T.325)   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 1920s 1920s//--- completed mercantile
Эльпидифор №426 <Elpidifor No426> (ex-T.326)   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 1920s 1920s//--- completed mercantile
Эльпидифор №427 <Elpidifor No427> (ex-T.327)   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 1920s 1920s//--- completed mercantile
Эльпидифор №428 <Elpidifor No428> (ex-T.328)   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 --- --- cancelled 1920s
Эльпидифор №429 <Elpidifor No429> (ex-T.329)   Russud, Nikolayev 1917 --- --- cancelled 1920s

 

 

Displacement normal, t

1050

Displacement full, t

1300

Length, m

74.7

Breadth, m

10.4

Draught, m

1.83

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VTE, 2 water-tube boilers

Power, h. p.

Elpidifor 410 - 412: 1200

Elpidifor 413 - 417, No24: 750

T-512: 700

Max speed, kts

Elpidifor 410 - 412: 10

Elpidifor 413 - 417, No24: 8.5 - 8.7

T-512: 7.5

Fuel, t

oil 138

Endurance, nm(kts) 2300(6)

Armament

Elpidifor No410 - 412: 3 x 1 - 102/60, 2 x 1 - 76/28 Lender, 2 x 1 - 7.6/94, sweeps, 120 mines

Elpidifor No413 - 417, No24: 3 x 1 - 130/53, 2 x 1 - 76/28 8K, 180 mines, sweeps

T-512: 1 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 2 x 1 - 7.6/94, sweeps

Military load Elpidifor No410 - 417, No24: 2000 men or 6 light tanks
Complement 169

Ship project history: Successful multi-purpose ships, projected in days of the First World War on the basis of Azov Sea steam schooner Elpidifor. In wartime it was planned to use such ships as landing vessels, minesweepers or minelayers, and to as usual merchantmen in a peace time. Universal character of vessels predetermined a number of special requirements: big capacity, shallow draught of fore end and satisfactory for Black sea seaworthiness.
    In 1916 in Nikolaev a series from 20 vessels (Nos410-429) was laid down, but before beginning of Civil war any has not completed. Elpidifors No410-412 in 1919 were completed by Whites and subsequently were withdrawn abroad. After liberation of Nikolaev by Red Army troops Elpidifors Nos413-417 were completed as gunboats. Remaining were completed as tankers and dry cargo vessels, one of them (Valeriy Chkalov, ex-Elpidifor No418) in days of Great Patriotic War served as minesweeper T-512. Ships could take aboard up to 6 light tanks or 9 lorries, or 2000 marines.

Modernizations: 1940, Krasnyy Adjaristan: - 1 x 1 - 130/53, 2 x 1 - 76/28; + 1 x 1 - 85/49 90K, 2 x 1 - 76/52 34K, mine stowage was decreased to 160

late 1941, T-512: - 2 x 1 - 7.6/94; + 1 x 1 - 76/28 8K, 4 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 1 x 2 - 12.7/90, 2 x 1 - 12.7/79

1942 - 1943, Krasnaya Abkhaziya: - 2 x 1 - 76/28; + 2 x 1 - 76/52 34K, 2 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 5 x 1 - 12.7/79

1942 - 1943, Krasnyy Adzharistan: + 2 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 5 x 1 - 12.7/79

1942 - 1943, Krasnaya Gruziya: + 2 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 5 x 1 - 12.7/79

Naval service: Elpidifor No415 was lost 9/1/1921 in battle against French destroyer Sakalave at Anapa. Elpidifors No416 and 417 in 1924-1925 were used as minesweepers.

    Krasnaya Armeniya 21/9/1941 was sunk by German aircraft at Tendra plait. Krasnaya Gruziya 28/2/1943 was torpedoed by German MTBs S28, S51, S72 and S102 at Myskhako, ran aground and ultimately destroyed by field artillery and aircraft.
   Krasnaya Abkhaziya was 28/3/1947 converted to survey vessel. Krasny Adzharistan since 27/9/1945 was used as depot ship and hulk.

Krasnaya Abkhaziya 1920s

© Ivan Gogin, 2009-14