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fighting ships of the world

SOVIET NAVY (USSR)

ESCORTS

URAGAN, METEL` and BURYA guard ships (projects 2, 4, 39) (1930-1938)

Uragan 1931

Vikhr` 1940

Uragan 1942

Groza 1942

Vikhr 1945

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
project 2
Ураган <Uragan> 320 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad 8/1927 14/5/1929 12/1930 stricken 6/1949
Тайфун <Tayfun> 321 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad 8/1927 1/6/1929 9/1931 minesweeper 12/1943, stricken 11/1954
Смерч <Smerch> 322 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad 8/1927 22/7/1929 9/1932 stricken 2/1948
Циклон <Tsiklon> 323 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad 8/1927 27/11/1929 7/1932 sunk 28/8/1941
Гроза <Groza> 324 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad 8/1927 28/9/1930 7/1932 stricken 11/1952
Вихрь <Vikhr`> 325 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad 8/1927 12/10/1930 9/1932 minesweeper 1944, stricken 4/1948
Шторм <Shtorm> 186 198 Yd (Marti Yd), Nikolayev 10/1927 4/4/1930 10/1932 stricken 1/1946
Шквал <Shkval> 187 198 Yd (Marti Yd), Nikolayev 10/1927 summer 1930 3/1933 stricken 11/1952
project 4
Метель <Metel`> 423 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad // 202 Yd (Dalzavod Yd), Vladivostok 12/1931 // 1933 15/6/1934 11/1934 hulk 11/1954
Вьюга <Vyuga> 424 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad // 202 Yd (Dalzavod Yd), Vladivostok 12/1931 // 1933 5/7/1934 11/1934 stricken 11/1954
Гром <Grom> 220 198 Yd (Marti Yd), Nikolayev // 202 Yd (Dalzavod Yd), Vladivostok 6/1932 // 1933 22/9/1934 7/1935 stricken 11/1954
Бурун <Burun> 221 198 Yd (Marti Yd), Nikolayev // 202 Yd (Dalzavod Yd), Vladivostok 6/1932 // 1933 27/9/1934 10/1935 stricken 11/1954
project 39
Молния <Molniya> 478 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad // 202 Yd (Dalzavod Yd), Vladivostok 3/1934 // 1934 24/11/1934 5/1936 stricken 11/1954
Зарница <Zarnitsa> 479 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad // 202 Yd (Dalzavod Yd), Vladivostok 3/1934 // 1934 6/11/1934 11/1936 stricken 11/1954
Пурга <Purga> 480 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad 6/1934 11/1935 9/1936 sunk 1/9/1942
Буря <Burya> 481 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad 6/1934 11/1935 10/1936 sunk 24/8/1942
Снег <Sneg> 495 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad 4/1935 20/10/1936 9/1938 sunk 28/8/1941
Туча <Tucha> 496 190 Yd (Zhdanov Yd), Leningrad 4/1935 14/7/1936 9/1938 minesweeper 5/1944, stricken 11/1952

 

Displacement standard, t

project 2: 417

project 4: 410

project 39: 409

Displacement full, t

project 2: 534

project 4: 531

project 39: 568

Length, m

71.5

Breadth, m

7.40

Draught, m

project 2: 2.47 full load

project 4: 2.30 full load

project 39: 2.40 full load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Curtiss geared steam turbines, 2 water-tube boilers

Power, h. p.

6300

Max speed, kts

project 2: 26

project 4: 25

project 39: 24

Fuel, t

project 2: oil 112

project 4: oil 115

project 39: oil 120

Endurance, nm(kts) 1200(16)

Armament

project 2: 2 x 1 - 102/60, 2 x 1 - 7.6/94, 1 x 3 - 450 TT, 32 mines

project 4: 2 x 1 - 102/60, 3 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 2 x 1 - 7.6/94, 1 x 3 - 450 TT, 32 mines

project 39: 2 x 1 - 102/60, 4 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 2 x 1 - 12.7/79, 1 x 3 - 450 TT, 2 DCR (20), 24 mines

Sneg, Tucha: 2 x 1 - 100/54 B-24BM, 4 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 2 x 1 - 12.7/79, 1 x 3 - 450 TT, 2 DCR (20), 24 mines

Complement

project 2: 85

project 4, 39: 101

Ship project history: Built under the First Naval Shipbuilding program for 1926-1931. Intended for escorting of battleships, torpedo attacks, patrol service and anti-submarine warfare. Presence of torpedo armament has been urged to indemnify partly shortage of destroyers in the Soviet Navy. Actually Uragan class ships were torpedo boats and so were registered by Jane`s. Ships were built in three slightly differing series.
    Because of the limited dimensions ships appeared low seaworthy, besides, actually had no reserve of displacement for subsequent modernizations. Trials revealed designed machinery power shortage (5700hp instead of 6850), and, as consequence, designed 29kts speed has not been reached by any ship of a series. As a rule, it was limited by 24-26kts, and to beginning of war it was even more moderated because of deterioration of machinery. Two ships of IV series had 100mm/56 guns instead of 102mm/60.
   Sneg
and Tsiklon were lost 28/8/1941 on German mines en route from Tallinn to Kronshtadt. Vikhr` 22/9/1941 was sunk by German aircraft at Kronstadt; in 1943 she was raised, repaired and in 1945 commissioned again. Burya was lost 24/8/1942 on mines at island Lavensaari. Purga 1/9/1942 was sunk by German aircraft at Osinovets (Lake Ladoga).
   Shtorm 11/5/1944 was torpedoed and hard damaged by German submarine U9 at Tuapse, aft end was broken off.

Modernizations: 1934, Uragan, Tayfun, Smerch, Tsiklon, Groza, Vikhr`, Shtorm, Shkval: + 4 x 1 - 45/43 21K

1938 - 1942, nearly all survived projects 2 and 4: - 2 x 1 - 7.6/94; + 2 x 1 - 12.7/79

1941, all survived project 2: + 2 DCR (20)

1941, all survived: + 2 DCT (up to 50 DC at all)

1943, Tayfun; 1944, Vikhr`: - 2 x 1 - 102/60; + 2 x 1 - 100/54 B-24BM

1942, Shtorm, Shkval: - 4 x 1 - 45/43, 2 DCT; + 2 x 1 - 45/65 21KM, 3 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 1 x 2 - 12.7/90

1943 - 1944, all survived except Uragan, Shtorm and Shkval: - (3 - 4) x 1 - 45/43; + (2 - 3) x 1 - 37/63 70K, 1 x 1 - 12.7/79 or 1 x 2 - 12.7/90, type 291 radar, sonar

1943 - 1944, Uragan: - 2 x 1 - 45/43; + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 1 x 2 - 12.7/90

1943, Tayfun; 1944, Vikhr`, Tucha: - 1 x 1 - 37/63, 1 x 3 - 450 TT; + sweeps

1944, Tucha: + 2 x 2 - 12.7/90 (MG armament consisted of 2 x 1 - 12.7/79, 2 x 2 - 12.7/90)

1945, most survived: - (2 - 3) x 1 - 12.7/79, 1 x 2 - 12.7/90; + 3 x 2 - 12.7/79

1945, Vyuga: - 1 x 2 - 12.7/79; + 1 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk IV

Naval service: Sneg and Tsiklon were lost 28/8/1941 on German mines en route from Tallinn to Kronshtadt. Vikhr` 22/9/1941 was sunk by German aircraft at Kronstadt; in 1943 she was raised, repaired and in 1945 commissioned again. Burya was lost 24/8/1942 on mines at island Lavensaari. Purga 1/9/1942 was sunk by German aircraft at Osinovets (Lake Ladoga).
   Shtorm 11/5/1944 was torpedoed and hard damaged by German submarine U9 at Tuapse, aft end was broken off.

Smerch 1943

© Ivan Gogin, 2009-15