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TASHKENT destroyer leader (project 20) (1939)


Photo



Tashkent 1939

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Ташкент [Tashkent]   215 OTO, Livorno, Italy 1.1937 28.11.1937 10.1939 sunk 2.7.1942


Technical data


Displacement standard, t

2893

Displacement full, t

3200

Length, m

139.8

Breadth, m

13.7

Draught, m

3.70

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 geared steam turbines sets, 2 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

110000

Max speed, kts

39

Fuel, t

oil 1072

Endurance, nm(kts)5030(20)
Armament

as designed: 3 x 2 - 130/50 B-2LM, 6 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 6 x 1 - 12.7/79, 3 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCR (25), 80 mines

as completed: 3 x 1 - 130/50 B-13, 6 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 6 x 1 - 12.7/79, 3 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCR (25), 80 mines

Electronic equipmenthydrophone
Complement

250



Graphics


<i>Tashkent</i> 1939
Tashkent 1939
<i>Tashkent</i> 1941 <i>Many thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.</i>  
Tashkent 1941 Many thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.  


Project history

Negotiations with Italian shipbuilders about building of destroyer leader for the USSR have begun in 1935 and have come to the end with signing 9.9.1935 of contract with OTO. The requirements provided considerable improvement of general performances in comparison with Leningrad: speed not less than 42.5kts, endurance not less of 5000(20)nm, armament consisted from 3 twin 130mm turret mounts, 6 45mm AA guns and 3 triple 533mm TTs. The armament should be fitted after arrival of ship to the USSR. 3.2.1936 Italian party presented the project which has received the index 20I. The decision on building of 3 ships in the USSR was simultaneously accepted, but because of differences in technologies it was later refused. 18.4.1939 Tashkent was accepted by crew and 6.5.1939 arrived to Odessa.     Ship had an hull with forecastle with appreciable deck sheer to stem and a cruiser-type stern. Prominent features of the leader were completely covered bow streamlined superstructure smoothly transferring to fore funnel, and covered storm corridor, allowing to be transferred on all ship length without an exit to an upper deck. Extremely powerful machinery placed en echelon. On trials Tashkent reached 43.53kts at 3422t and 130000hp.     Under the project the armament consisted from 3 twin 130mm/50 B-2LM turret mounts, but because of a protraction of availability of the latter, Tashkent at commission received temporary armament: 3 single 130mm/50 B-13 guns. Originally designed guns were installed in February, 1941.

Modernizations 2.1941 - 3 x 1 - 130/50 B-13, 6 x 1 - 45/43; + 3 x 2 - 130/50 B-2LM, 6 x 1 - 37/63 70K (as designed)

1941: - 3 x 1 - 130/50 B-13, 6 x 1 - 45/43; + 3 x 2 - 130/50 B-2LM, 6 x 1 - 37/63 70K (as designed)

8/1941: + 1 x 2 - 76/52 39K

Naval service

27.6.1942 en route from Sevastopol to Novorossiysk Tashkent was hard damaged by German aircraft and 2.7.1942 sunk by German aircraft at Novorossiysk. By summer of 1944 she was salvaged and broken up in 1946-1948.