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fighting ships of the world

SOVIET NAVY (USSR)

TORPEDO SHIPS

STOROZHEVOY destroyers (project 7U) (1940-1942)

Storozhevoy 1940

Storozhevoy 1941

Soobrazitelnyy 1943

Storozhevoy 1944

Storozhevoy 1945

Silnyy 1945

Svirepyy 1945

Vitse-Admiral Drozd 1959

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Сторожевой <Storozhevoy> 517 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 8/1936 // 1/1938 2/10/1938 10/1940 stricken 3/1958
Стойкий <Stoykiy>, 2/1943- Вице-Адмирал Дрозд <Vitse-Admiral Drozd> 518 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 8/1936 // 3/1938 26/12/1938 10/1940 target 2/1960
Страшный <Strashnyy> 519 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 8/1936 // 3/1938 8/4/1939 7/1941 training hulk 4/1958
Сильный <Silnyy> 520 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 10/1936 // 1/1938 1/11/1938 10/1940 target 2/1959
Смелый <Smelyy> 521 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 10/1936 // 3/1938 30/4/1939 5/1941 sunk 26/7/1941
Строгий <Strogiy> 523 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 10/1936 // 10/1938 31/12/1939 9/1942 rescue vessel 2/1956
Скорый <Skoryy> 524 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 11/1936 // 10/1938 24/7/1939 8/1941 sunk 28/8/1941
Свирепый <Svirepyy> 525 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 11/1936 // 12/1938 28/8/1939 7/1941 stricken 4/1958
Статный <Statnyy> 526 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 12/1936 // 12/1938 24/11/1939 7/1941 sunk 18/8/1941
Стройный <Stroynyy> 527 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 12/1938 29/4/1940 9/1942 rescue vessel 2/1956
Славный <Slavnyy> 293 189 Ordzhonikidze Yd, Leningrad 8/1936 // 1/1939 19/9/1939 5/1941 target 2/1960
Суровый <Surovyy> (ex-Летучий <Letuchiy>) 297 189 Ordzhonikidze Yd, Leningrad 10/1936 // 2/1939 5/8/1939 5/1941 sunk 14/11/1941
Сердитый <Serdityy> (ex-Лихой <Likhoy>) 298 189 Ordzhonikidze Yd, Leningrad 10/1936 // 10/1938 21/4/1939 10/1940 sunk 19/7/1941
Способный <Sposobnyy> (ex-Подвижный <Podvizhnyy>) 1076 200 61 Kommunar, Nikolayev 7/1936 // 3/1939 30/9/1939 6/1941 sunk 6/10/1943
Смышлёный <Smyshlyonyy> (ex-Полезный <Poleznyy>) 1077 200 61 Kommunar, Nikolayev 10/1936 // 6/1938 26/8/1939 11/1940 sunk 6/3/1942
Сообразительный <Soobrazitelnyy> (ex-Прозорливый <Prozorlivyy>) 1078 200 61 Kommunar, Nikolayev 10/1936 // 3/1939 26/8/1939 6/1941 rescue vessel 2/1956
Совершенный <Sovershennyy> (ex-Бесстрашный <Besstrashnyy>) 245 201 Yd, Sevastopol 9/1936 // 1938 25/2/1939 9/1941 damaged 30/9/1941, repair incomplete
Свободный <Svobodnyy> (ex-Бесшумный <Besshumnyy>) 246 201 Yd, Sevastopol 8/1936 // 1938 25/2/1939 1/1942 sunk 10/6/1942

 

Displacement standard, t

1900

Displacement full, t

2404

Length, m

112.8

Breadth, m

10.2

Draught, m

5.01

No of shafts

2

Machinery

GTAZ-24 geared steam turbines (Metro-Vickers - 8 ships, Parsons - 4 ships), 4 water-tube boilers

Power, h. p.

54000

Max speed, kts

36

Fuel, t

oil 500

Endurance, nm(kts) 1800(20)

Armament

4 x 1 - 130/50 B-13, 2 x 1 - 76/52 34K, 3 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 4 x 1 - 12.7/79, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCR (10), 56 mines

Skoryy, Strashnyy, Svirepyy, Statnyy, Sovershennyy, Svobodnyy: 4 x 1 - 130/50 B-13, 2 x 1 - 76/52 34K, 3 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 4 x 1 - 12.7/79, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCR (10), 56 mines

Stroynyy, Strogiy: 4 x 1 - 130/50 B-13, 2 x 1 - 76/52 34K, 5 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 4 x 1 - 12.7/79, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (40), 56 mines

Complement

207 - 273

Ship project history: News about mining of British destroyer Hunter 13/5/1937 during Civil war in Spain has served as an occasion to revision of Soviet shipbuilding program. At the session of the Political bureau in August, 1937 project 7 with linear machinery arrangement has been recognised by "harmful", and on its basis the project 7u ("improved") with machinery arranged en echelon was developed, approved 29/8/1938.
    Outwardly project 7u destroyers differed from predecessors by two-funneled outline profile whereas the hull, superstructures and armament placing remained former. Because of a shortage of Kharkov turbine factory-built turbines turbines for 8 ships were bought in the Great Britain. As they differed by smaller designed power, British turbine-driven destroyers developed lower speed (36-37kts), whereas Strashny has shown on trials 39.6kts. The further decrease in an endurance, seaworthiness, and also an unsuccessful arrangement of 76mm AA guns became the basic lacks of more dense arrangement.

Modernizations: late 1941, Storozhevoy, Stoykiy, Silnyy, Smyshlyonyy, Surovyy, Slavnyy, Soobrazitelnyy, Sposobnyy: + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K

early 1942, Storozhevoy, Stoykiy, Silnyy, Slavnyy, Sposobnyy, Strashnyy, Svobodnyy: - 3 x 1 - 45/43; + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K

early 1942, Soobrazitelnyy: - 2 x 1 - 45/43; + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K

early 1942, Svirepyy: - 1 x 1 - 45/43; + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K

1942, Stoykiy, Silnyy, Slavnyy: - 1 x 1 - 12.7/79; + 1 x 1 - 76/52 34K, 2 x 1- 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 12.7/62

1942, Strashnyy, Svirepyy: - 1 x 1 - 12.7/79; + 1 x 1 - 76/52 34K, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 2 - 12.7/90

9/1943, Storozhevoy (project 7u/30): received fore part from destroyer of project 30: length oa was 113.5m, displacement 1892 / 2453t; armament consisted of 1 x 2 - 130/50 B-2LM, 2 x 1 - 130/50 B-13, 2 x 1 - 76/52 34K, 6 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 4 x 1 - 12.7/79, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (40), 56 mines

1943, all survived except Stroynyy, Strogiy: + 2 DCT (DC stowage increased to 40)

1943, Sposobnyy: + 5 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 2 x 2 - 12.7/90

1943, Soobrazitelnyy: - 1 x 1 - 45/43; + 3 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 2 x 2 - 12.7/90

1943, Sposobnyy: + 3 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 2 x 2 - 12.7/90

1943, Stoykiy, Silnyy, Slavnyy: - 2 x 1 - 20/70, 1 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K

1943, Strashnyy: - 4 x 1 - 20/70, 1 x 2 - 12.7/90; + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 1 x 1 - 12.7/79

1943, Svirepyy: - 2 x 1 - 45/43, 4 x 1 - 20/70, 1 x 2 - 12.7/90; + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 1 x 1 - 12.7/79

1943, Stroynyy, Strogiy: + 1 x 1 - 76/52 34K, 1 x 1 - 37/63 70K

1944, Storozhevoy: + 1 x 1 - 76/52 34K

1947, Soobrazitelnyy: had new artillery consisted of 4 x 1 - 130/51 B-13, 8 x 1 - 37/73 70K, 6 x 2 - 12.7/90

1953, Strashnyy; 1954, Silnyy; 1955, Slavnyy, Svirepyy; 1956, Vitse-Admiral Drozd; 1957, Soobrazitelnyy: all were armed with 4 x 1 - 130/51 B-13, 4 x 2 - 37/70 V-11, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (60), 60 mines, Gyus-1, Rif-1, Vympel-2 radars, Tamir-5N sonar; standard displacement was 1900 t, max speed was 34 - 35kts.

Naval service: Before war 11 ships were listed by the Navy, remained 7 were commissioned after its beginning. The ships of the given class served only on two theatres: Storozhevoy, Svirepy, Serdity, Silny, Skory, Slavny, Smely, Statny, Stoykiy, Strashny, Strogiy, Stroyny and Surovy on Baltic; Svobodny, Smyshlyony, Sovershenny, Soobrazitelny and Sposobny on Black Sea.

    Storozhevoy passed unique modernization, at which 27/6/1941 as a result of hit of a torpedo from German S-boat the fore end to the bridge has been broken off. During repair she received a fore end from destroyer of project 30. Repaired under project 7u/30 ship was commissioned again 10/9/1943.
   Serdity 19/7/1941 was sunk by German aircraft off Kassar (Gulf of Finland). Smely 27/7/1941 was torpedoed by German MTB S54 and finished by torpedo from Soviet MTB No73. Statny 18/8/1941 wasdamaged by German at Rohukuula (Gulf of Finland), the fore end was broken off; she was ultimately foundered 24/8/1941 during a storm. Skory 28/8/1941 was lost on mines during en route from Tallin to Kronshtadt. Surovy 14/11/1941 was lost on German mine en route to Hanko.

   Sovershenny 30/9/1941, during sea trials, was heavy damaged by Soviet mine at Cape Fiolent; 12/11/1941 at German aircraft raid to Sevastopol she overturned in dock; never completely repaired and 8/6/1942 blown up in dock. Smyshlyony 6/3/1942 off Zhelezny Cape washeavy damaged by Soviet mine and 7/3/1942 has sunk during a storm off Yuzhnaya Ozereyka (off Novorossiysk). Svobodny 10/6/1942 was sunk by German aircraft at Sevastopol. Sposobny 6/10/1943 was sunk by German aircraft S of Yalta.

Smelyy

Slavnyy after war

 

© Ivan Gogin, 2009-15