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fighting ships of the world

SOVIET / RUSSIAN NAVY (USSR / RUSSIA)

TORPEDO SHIPS

SPOKOYNYY destroyers (project 56) (1955 - 1957)

BRAVYY destroyer (project 56K) (1956)

Spravedlivyy 1960

Bravyy 1956

Blagorodnyy 1978

Soznatelnyy 1974

Vozbuzhdyonnyy 1989

Veskiy 1979

Plamennyy 1979

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
project 56
Спокойный <Spokoynyy> 701 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 4/3/1953 28/11/1953 27/6/1956 stricken 4/1990
Светлый <Svetlyy> 702 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 4/3/1953 27/10/1953 17/9/1955 stricken 4/1989
Спешный <Speshnyy> 703 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 30/5/1953 7/8/1954 30/9/1955 stricken 4/1989
Скромный <Skromnyy> 704 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 27/7/1953 26/10/1954 30/12/1955 stricken 4/1989
Сведущий <Svedushchiy> 705 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 7/12/1953 17/2/1955 31/1/1956 stricken 4/1992
Смышлёный <Smyshlionyy>, 10/1958- Московский комсомолец <Moskovskiy komsomolets> 706 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 23/2/1954 24/5/1955 28/6/1956 stricken 7/1986
Скрытный <Skrytnyy> 707 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 25/7/1954 27/9/1955 30/9/1956 stricken 4/1989
Сознательный <Soznatelnyy> 708 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 25/9/1954 15/1/1956 31/10/1956 stricken 3/1988
Справедливый <Spravedlivyy> 709 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 25/12/1954 12/4/1956 20/12/1956 to Poland 6/1970 (Warszawa)
Несокрушимый <Nesokrushimyy> 710 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 15/6/1955 20/7/1956 30/6/1957 target 12/1987
Находчивый <Nakhodchivyy> 741 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 19/10/1955 30/10/1956 18/9/1957 stricken 4/1989
Настойчивый <Nastoychivyy> 742 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 3/3/1956 23/4/1957 30/11/1957 stricken 4/1989
Блестящий <Blestyashchiy> 1201 445 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 20/2/1953 27/11/1953 30/9/1955 stricken 7/1987
Бывалый <Byvalyy> 1202 445 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 6/5/1953 31/3/1954 21/12/1955 stricken 7/1988
Бесследный <Besslednyy> 1205 445 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 1/4/1954 5/11/1955 31/10/1956 stricken 4/1988
Бурливый <Burlivyy> 1206 445 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 5/5/1954 28/1/1956 28/12/1956 stricken 5/1989
Благородный <Blagorodnyy> 1207 445 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 5/3/1955 30/8/1956 18/7/1957 stricken 4/1989
Пламенный <Plamennyy> 1208 445 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 3/9/1955 26/10/1956 31/8/1957 stricken 6/1991
Напористый <Naporistyy> 1209 445 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 17/8/1955 30/12/1956 31/10/1957 stricken 7/1987
Вызывающий <Vyzyvayushchiy> 81 199 Yd, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 25/7/1953 20/5/1955 31/3/1956 stricken 4/1989
Веский <Veskiy> 82 199 Yd, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 30/1/1954 31/7/1955 30/3/1956 stricken 7/1987
Вдохновенный <Vdokhnovennyy> 83 199 Yd, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 31/8/1954 7/5/1956 31/10/1956 stricken 3/1987
Возмущённый <Vozmushchionnyy> 84 199 Yd, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 30/12/1954 8/7/1956 31/12/1956 stricken 3/1987
Возбуждённый <Vozbuzhdionnyy> 85 199 Yd, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 29/7/1955 10/5/1957 31/10/1957 stricken 4/1989
Влиятельный <Vliyatelnyy> 86 199 Yd, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 29/10/1955 10/5/1957 6/11/1957 stricken 7/1988
Выдержанный <Vyderzhannyy>, 2/1967- Дальневосточный комсомолец <Dalnevostochnyy komsomolets> 87 199 Yd, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 30/6/1956 24/6/1957 10/12/1957 accommodation hulk 4/1992
project 56K
Бравый <Bravyy> 1203 445 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 25/7/1953 28/2/1955 9/1/1956 stricken 7/1987

 

Displacement standard, t

56: 2667

56K: 2890

Displacement full, t

56: 3230

56K: 3447

Length, m

126.1

Breadth, m

12.8

Draught, m

56: 4.26

56K: 4.50

No of shafts

2

Machinery

TV-8 geared steam turbines, 4 KV-76 boilers

Power, h. p.

72000

Max speed, kts

56: 38

56K: 35.5

Fuel, t

oil

Endurance, nm(kts)

56: 3090(17.9)

56K: 3000(18)

Armament

56: 2 x 2 - 130/58 SM-2-1, 4 x 4 - 45/89 SM-20-ZIF, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (48), 36 - 50 mines

56K: 1 x 2 M-1 Volna SAM (16 V-600(4K90)), 1 x 2 - 130/58 SM-2-1, 1 x 4 - 45/89 SM-20-ZIF, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 2 x 16 RBU-2500 Smerch ASWRL, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (48)

Sensors

56: 701, 702: Rif, Neptun, Yakor'-M1, 2x Fut-B, Zaria radars, Pegas-2 sonar

56: 703-705, 710, 1201, 1202, 1205: Rif, Neptun, Yakor'-M1, 2x Fut-B, Zaria radars, Pegas-2 sonar, Machta-P4 ECM suite

56: 707-709, 742, 1206-1209, 81-87: Fut-N, Neptun, Yakor'-M1, 2x Fut-B, Zaria radars, Pegas-2 sonar, Machta-P4 ECM suite

56: 706, 741: Fut-N, Neptun, Yakor'-M1, 2x Fut-B, Volna radars, Pegas-2 sonar, Machta-P4 ECM suite

56K: MR-300 Angara, Neptun, Yakor'-M1, 4R-90 Yatagan, Fut-B, Zaria radars, Pegas-2 sonar, Machta-P4 ECM suite

Complement

56: 284

56K: 270

Ship project history: This Project 56 design was the shrunken version of Project 41. Work began under a 2 June 1951 decree on 'changes in the military characteristics of Project 41'. The main changes ordered were a reduction in full load displacement from 3770t to 3150t, full speed increased from 36kts to 39kts, cruising range (14kts) reduced from 5500nm to 4000nm, stores endurance halved to 10 days, and lighter torpedo tubes and unstabilized 45mm gun mounts (quadruple SM-20s instead of twin SM-16s, 750 rather than 1000 rounds/barrel). A production run of 100 ships (rather than the 110 planned Project 41s) was envisaged. In fact only twenty-seven were completed; production was stopped in October 1955. Four more hulls were then completed as missile ships (Project 56M).

    Presumably the 1951 figures represented a sketch design already available; TsKB-53 skipped the usual preliminary design stage to go directly to detailed design in hope of rescuing the production schedule. Work on the first two ships began in February 1952 (much prefabrication preceded the official keel laying. It was soon obvious that the preliminary figures had been too optimistic. However, the figures were officially confirmed in a TTZ issued 4 April 1954 (full load displacement was allowed to rise to 3220t, required speed to fall to 38.5kts, and the 25mm guns of Project 41 were eliminated). By this time the first unit was nearly ready to launch.

    There were some differences from Project 41 armament: the director was a new type (Sfera-56; the analogous Sfera-50 was used on Project 50 frigates) and the 45mm guns were arranged in a rhombus so that fire could be concentrated along the centreline. Unlike project 41, project 56 had no ASW rocket launchers forward.

    To accommodate the armament and powerplant of Project 41 in a smaller hull, some volume was pushed up above the main deck. To limit topweight, aluminium-magnesium alloy was used in the superstructure. These ships may have had the first Soviet fin stabilizers.

    Trials were not altogether satisfactory. Although the powerplant exceeded design power, Spokoynyy did not make her designed speed until major modifications had been made (a centreline rudder replaced two abaft the propellers, and four-bladed propellers replaced the earlier 3-bladed ones). Even brief periods of high-speed steaming greatly reduced the ship's endurance (one hour at full speed cost 184nm at economical speed, compared to 104nm in Skoryy.

    This class was very well liked in the Soviet Navy, their high bows made them dry, and they were very fast. Blagorodnyy reportedly made 42.9kts after a 1968 refit, and even the slowest of the class made 36kts about a decade after completion.

    One incomplete ship, Bedovyy, was fitted out as a test platform for the new KSS anti-ship missile. The Kiparis system, an adapted gunfire direction system, was used for missile control. Apparently it was then decided to accelerate the missile programme by making this test installation operational (the Project 57 class destroyer was already being developed specifically to fire the KSS missile). Three more ships were completed to a new 56M missile configuration. One of them, Neudierzhimyy, had not been laid down to the Project 56 design, but presumably the material for her construction had already been assembled. These ships were armed with a new quadruple 57mm secondary gun and paired beam torpedo in place of the earlier quintuple mounts. Reportedly the armoured hangar aft contained six missiles. The existing Sfera director was retained.

Modernizations: 1956, Spokoynyy, Svetlyy; 1958, Besslednyy; 1959, Speshnyy; 1960, Blestyashchiy, Byvalyy, Nesokrushimyy, Svedushchiy, Skromnyy: - Rif radar; + Fut-N radar

1958, Svetlyy; 1966, Vyderzhannyy; 1969, Veskiy: + helodeck for 1 Ka-15

1959, Moskovskiy komsomolets: - Volna radar; + Zaria radar

1960, Blestiashchiy, Skrytnyy; 1961, Vdokhnovennyy; 1962, Naporistyy, Plamennyy, Vozmushchionnyy; 1963, Blagorodnyy, Burlivyy; 1965, Byvalyy; 1975, Vyzyvayushchiy; 1976, Besslednyy; 1979, Svedushchiy: as Project 56PLO - - 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR, Pegas-2 sonar; + 2 x 16 RBU-2500 Smerch ASWRL, 2 x 6 RKU-36U Burun ASWRL, Pegas-2M sonar

1961, Moskovskiy komsomolets: as Project 56PLO - - 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR, Pegas-2 sonar; + 2 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, 2 x 6 RKU-36U Burun ASWRL, Pegas-2M sonar, Kolos-2000 non-acoustic submarine detection system

1964, Bravyy: + 2 x 4 - 45/89 SM-20-ZIF

1960s, Besslednyy: + P-10 radar

1966, Nakhodchivyy; 1970, Nastoychivyy: as Project 56A - - 1 x 2 - 130/58, 3 x 4 - 45/89, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR, mines, Fut-N, 1x Fut-B radars, Pegas-2 sonar, Machta-P4 ECM suite; + 1 x 2 SAM M-1 Volna SAM (16 V-600(4K90)), 2 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, MR-310 Angara-A, 4R-90 Yatagan radars, Gerkules-2 sonar, Bizan'-4 ECM suite; 3060/3620t, 4.50m draught, 34.5kts, 2150(17)nm, 268p

1966, Vozbuzhdionnyy; 1970, Nesokrushimyy: as Project 56A - - 1 x 2 - 130/58, 3 x 4 - 45/89, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR, mines, Fut-N, 1x Fut-B radars, Pegas-2 sonar, Machta-P4 ECM suite; + 1 x 2 SAM M-1 Volna SAM (16 V-600(4K90)), 4 x 2 - 30/71 AK-230, 2 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, MR-310 ANgara-A, 4R-90 Yatagan, 2x MR-104 Rys' radars, Gerkules sonar, Bizan'-4 ECM suite; 3060/3620t, 4.50m draught, 34.5kts, 2150(17)nm, 268p

1967, Bravyy; 1970, Byvalyy, Veskiy; 1971, Vozbuzhdionnyy, Naporistyy; 1972, Burlivyy; 1973, Nastoychivyy, Nesokrushimyy, Skromnyy, Skrytnyy, Soznatelnyy, Speshnyy; 1978, Blagorodnyy: + MI-110K thermal wake detector

1969, Skromnyy: as Project 56A - 1 x 2 - 130/58, 3 x 4 - 45/89, 2 x 6 RKU-36U Burun ASWRL, mines, Fut-N, 1x Fut-B radars, Pegas-2 sonar, Machta-P4 ECM suite; + 1 x 2 SAM M-1 Volna SAM (16 V-600(4K90)), MR-310 Angara-A, 4R-90 Yatagan radars, Gerkules-2M sonar, Bizan'-4 ECM suite; 3060/3620t, 4.50m draught, 34.5kts, 2150(17)nm, 268p

1969, Spravedlivyy: as Project 56AE - 1 x 2 - 130/58, 3 x 4 - 45/89, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR, mines, Fut-N, 1x Fut-B, Neptun radars, Pegas-2 sonar; + 1 x 2 SAM M-1 Volna SAM (16 V-600(4K90)), 2 x 1 - 45/69 21KM, 2 x 16 RBU-2500 Smerch ASWRL, MR-300 Angara, 2x Don, 4R-90 Yatagan, Gerkules-2M sonar; 3060/3620t, 4.50m draught, 34.5kts, 2150(17)nm, 268p

1970, Veskiy; 1971, Vliyatelnyy, Svetlyy; 1972, Dalnevostochnyy komsomolets; 1978, Blagorodnyy: + 2 x 2 - 25/112 2M-3M

1970, Veskiy; 1971, Vliyatelnyy, Dalnevostochnyy komsomolets: + 2 x 1 - 45/69 21KM

1970, Veskiy: - Pegas-2 sonar; + Pegas-2M sonar

1970, Veskiy, Vozbuzhdionnyy, Skrytnyy: + MG-409 sonar

1970, Blestyashchiy, Veskiy; 1972, Vozbuzhdionnyy, Dalnevostochnyy komsomolets, Nesokrushimyy, Skrytnyy: + MI-110R radiation wake detector

1971, Naporistyy; 1972, Blestiashchiy, Burlivyy, Vozmushchionnyy, Vyzyvayushchiy; 1975, Vdokhnovennyy; 1978, Plamennyy: + 4 x 2 - 25/112 2M-3M

1971, Blestiashchiy, Vliyatielnyy, Svetlyy, Skrytnyy, Soznatielnyy, Speshnyy; Vozbuzhdionnyy, Dalnevostochnyy komsomolets: - Neptun radar; + 2x Don radars

1971, Naporistyy, Nesokrushimyy; 1972, Burlivyy: + Don radar

1972, Skrytnyy: as Project 56A - 1 x 2 - 130/58, 3 x 4 - 45/89, 2 x 16 RBU-2500 Smerch ASWRL, 2 x 6 RKU-36U Burun ASWRL, mines, Fut-N, 1x Fut-B radars, Pegas-2 sonar, Machta-P4 ECM suite; + 1 x 2 SAM M-1 Volna SAM (16 V-600(4K90)), 4 x 2 - 30/71 AK-230, 2 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, MR-310 Angara-A, 4R-90 Yatagan, 2x MR-104 Rys' radars, Gerkules sonar, Bizan'-4 ECM suite; 3060/3620t, 4.50m draught, 34.5kts, 2150(17)nm, 268p

1972, Soznatelnyy: as Project 56A - - 1 x 2 - 130/58, 3 x 4 - 45/89, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR, mines, Fut-N, 1x Fut-B radars, Pegas-2 sonar, Machta-P4 ECM suite; + 1 x 2 SAM M-1 Volna SAM (16 V-600(4K90)), 4 x 2 - 30/71 AK-230, 2 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, MR-310 Angara-A, 4R-90 Yatagan, 2x MR-104 Rys' radars, Gerkules-2M sonar, Bizan'-4 ECM suite; 3060/3620t, 4.50m draught, 34.5kts, 2150(17)nm, 268p

1972, Dalnevostochnyy komsomolets: + MG-329 Bronza sonar

1974, Nastoychivyy: - 1 x 2 Volna SAM; + 1 x 2 Volna-M SAM (16 V-601(4K91)

1970s, Nakhodchivyy, Nesokrushimyy, Svedushchiy, Svetlyy, Skromnyy, Soznatelnyy, Speshnyy, Spokoynyy, Spravedlivyy: - Yakor'-M1 radar; + Yakor'-M2 radar

1970s, Besslednyy: - P-10 radar

1970s, Blestyashchiy: + MI-110P submarine wake detector

1970s, Blestyashchiy: - Machta-P4 ECM suite; + Bizan;-4V ECM suite

1980, Vyzyvayushchiy: - 4 x 2 - 25/112

1981, Nastoychivyy: - MI-110K thermal wake detector

1982, Nastoychivyy: - 1 x 2 Volna-M SAM; + 1 x 2 Volna-P SAM

Naval service: Bravyy was twice badly damaged: 9/11/1970 in Mediterranean Sea in collision with British aircraft carrier Ark Royal and by fire 22/12/1978.

Vdokhnovennyy

Nastoychivyy

© Ivan Gogin, 2015