home

fighting ships of the world

SOVIET / RUSSIAN NAVY (USSR / RUSSIA)

TORPEDO SHIPS

SOVREMENNYY destroyers (project 956) (1980 - 1993)

Bezuprechnyy 1990

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Современный <Sovremennyy> 861 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 3/3/1976 18/11/1978 25/12/1980 stricken 9/1998
Отчаянный <Otchayannyy> 862 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 4/3/1977 29/3/1980 30/9/1982 stricken 9/1998
Отличный <Otlichnyy> 863 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 22/4/1978 21/3/1981 30/9/1983 stricken 9/1998
Осмотрительный <Osmotritelnyy> 864 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 27/10/1978 24/4/1982 30/9/1984 stricken 9/1998
Безупречный <Bezuprechnyy> 865 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 29/1/1981 25/7/1983 6/11/1985 stricken 7/2001
Боевой <Boyevoy> 866 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 26/3/1982 4/8/1984 28/9/1986 stricken 12/2010
Стойкий <Stoykiy> 867 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 28/9/1982 27/7/1985 31/12/1986 stricken 9/1998
Окрылённый <Okrylionnyy> 868 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 16/4/1983 31/5/1986 30/12/1987 stricken 9/1998
Бурный <Burnyy> 869 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 4/11/1983 30/12/1986 30/9/1988 in reserve (2018)
Гремящий <Gremiashchiy> (ex-Ведущий <Vedushchiy>) 870 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 23/11/1984 30/5/1987 30/12/1988 stricken 12/2006
Быстрый <Bystryy> 871 Northern Yd, Leningrad 29/10/1985 28/11/1987 30/9/1989 in service (2018)
Расторопный <Rastoropnyy> 872 Northern Yd, Leningrad 15/8/1986 4/6/1988 30/12/1989 stricken 8/2012
Безбоязненный <Bezboyaznennyy> 873 Northern Yd, Leningrad 8/1/1987 18/2/1989 28/12/1990 in reserve (2018)
Безудержный <Bezuderzhnyy>, 12/2007- Гремящий <Gremiashchiy> 874 Northern Yd, Leningrad 24/2/1987 30/9/1989 25/6/1991 stricken 12/2012
Беспокойный <Bespokoynyy> 875 Northern Yd, St. Petersburg 18/4/1987 9/6/1990 28/12/1991 in reserve (2018)
Настойчивый <Nastoychivyy> (ex-Московский комсомолец <Moskovskiy komsomolets>) 876 Northern Yd, St. Petersburg 7/4/1988 19/1/1991 30/12/1992 in service (2018)
Бесстрашный <Besstrashnyy>, 6/2004- Адмирал Ушаков <Admiral Ushakov> 877 Northern Yd, St. Petersburg 6/5/1988 28/12/1991 30/12/1993 in service (2018)
Важный <Vazhnyy> (ex-Екатеринбург <Yekaterinburg>, ex-Важный <Vazhnyy>) 878 Northern Yd, St. Petersburg 4/11/1988 27/5/1994 --- // 25/12/1999 completed for China (Hang Chow)
Вдумчивый <Vdumchivyy> (ex-Александр Невский <Aleksandr Nevskiy>, ex-Вдумчивый <Vdumchivyy>) 879 Northern Yd, St. Petersburg 22/4/1989 16/4/1999 --- // 25/11/2000 completed for China (Fu Chow)
Буйный <Buynyy> 880 Northern Yd, St. Petersburg 1991 --- --- cancelled 1995
Вечный <Vechnyy> 881 Northern Yd, St. Petersburg 1992 --- --- cancelled 1995
Внушительный <Vnushitelnyy> 2211 61 Kommunar, Nikolayev 30/8/1983 17/10/1987 --- cancelled 1987

 

Displacement standard, t

6500

Displacement full, t

7940

Length, m

156.5

Breadth, m

17.2

Draught, m

5.96 hull 7.79 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 GTZA-674 geared steam turbines, 4 KVN98/64 or KVG-3 boilers

Power, h. p.

100000

Max speed, kts

32.7

Fuel, t

oil

Endurance, nm(kts)

3920(18)

Armament

861-874: 2 x 4 Moskit SSM (8 P-100 (3M80)), 2 x 1 M-22 Uragan SSM (48 9M38M1), 2 x 2 - 130/70 AK-130, 4 x 6 - 30/54 AK-630, 2 x 2 - 533 TT (4), 2 x 6 RBU-1000 Smerch-3 ASWRL, 2 x 7 - 55 MRG-1 Ogonyok grenade launchers, 22 mines, 1 helicopter (Ka-27)

875 and later: 2 x 4 Moskit-M SSM (8 P-100 (3M82)), 2 x 1 M-22 Uragan SSM (48 9M38M1), 2 x 2 - 130/70 AK-130, 4 x 6 - 30/54 AK-630, 2 x 2 - 533 TT (4), 2 x 6 RBU-1000 Smerch-3 ASWRL, 2 x 7 - 55 MRG-1 Ogonyok grenade launchers, 22 mines, 1 helicopter (Ka-27)

Sensors

861-863: MR-710 Fregat-M, Mineral, 2x 3R91, MR-184 Lev-218, 2x MR-123 Vympel-A, MR-212/201Vaygach-U, Volga radars, MGK-335S Platina-S, 2x MG-7 Braslet sonars, MP-401S Start, MP-407 Start-2 ECM suites, 4x PK-10 Smelyy, 2x PK-2M decoy RLs, Sapfir-U CCS

864, 865: MR-710M-1 Fregat-M1, Mineral, 2x 3R91, MR-184 Lev-218, 2x MR-123 Vympel-A, MR-212/201Vaygach-U, Volga radars, MGK-335S Platina-S, 2x MG-7 Braslet sonars, MP-401S Start, MP-407 Start-2 ECM suites, 4x PK-10 Smelyy, 2x PK-2M decoy RLs, Sapfir-U CCS

866 and later: MR-750 Fregat-M2, Mineral, 2x 3R91, MR-184 Lev-218, 2x MR-123 Vympel-A, MR-212/201Vaygach-U, Volga radars, MGK-335MS Platina-MS, 2x MG-7 Braslet sonars, MP-401S Start, MP-407 Start-2 ECM suites, 4x PK-10 Smelyy, 2x PK-2M decoy RLs, Sapfir-U CCS

Complement

296

Ship project history: These SSM cruisers (designated as destroyers, by the Russians) are production successors to the Project 1134/A with very similar hulls and the same pressure-fired steam plants. They evolved out of a 1970-71 TTZ for a 5000t ship carrying three single-barrel guns, an air defence missile (presumably Osa), and rocket launchers. It was intended primarily to support amphibious assaults, and was presumably associated with the large new amphibious ships, such as Ivan Rogov. The guns envisaged were presumably 130mm or larger calibre. Subsequent cost-benefit analysis led to drastic revision of the TTZ; the ship became a multi-purpose surface warship. This version of the design was completed in 1974, and shipyard work began in 1975.

    As redesigned, the new destroyer fitted the earlier concept of the short-range clement of an RKR division, armed with Moskit missiles. Defensive armament comprises a new semi-active missile, Uragan, paired ASW torpedo tubes, and RBU-1000 anti-torpedo rockets. In effect the twin tubes are equivalent to the ubiquitous US Mk 32, and the Russians probably equate the medium-frequency sonar to the defensive SQS-56 of a US Perry. This class also introduced a new gun, a twin 130mm.

    Unlike earlier Russian designs, this one has only a single main radar mast, carrying a back-to-hack unit. That suggests that both the ship's 'Second Captain' combat direction system and me missile system share a common radar picture, a considerable innovation.

    Two incomplete ships were completed by Chinese funds and were commissioned by Chinese Navy in 1999-2000 under the modernized Project 956E. Two more units were built for China under Project 956EM with only one 130mm mount but more effective equipment for helicopters.

Modernizations: 1990s, Bezboyaznennyy: + 2 x 2 - 12.7/79 (temporarily, later removed)

Naval service: No significant events.

Bespokoynyy 2001

Nastoychivyy 2003

© Ivan Gogin, 2016-18