NAVYPEDIA



HOME
FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
RUSSIA / USSR
TORPEDO SHIPS
KOMSOMOLETS UKRAINY large ASW ships (projects 61, 61M) (1962 - 1973)


Photo



Obraztsovyy 1976

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate Modification
Комсомолец Украины [Komsomolets Ukrainy] (ex-СКР-25 [SKR-25])   1701 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 15.9.1959 31.12.1960 31.12.1962 stricken 6.1991 Project 61
Сообразительный [Soobrazitelnyy] (ex-СКР-44 [SKR-44])   1702 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 20.7.1960 4.11.1961 26.12.1963 stricken 7.1992 Project 61
Проворный [Provornyy] (ex-СКР-37 [SKR-37])   1703 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 10.2.1961 21.4.1962 25.12.1964 stricken 8.1990 Project 61
Отважный [Otvazhnyy] (ex-Орёл [Oriol])   1704 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 10.8.1963 17.10.1964 31.12.1965 fire 30.8.1974 Project 61
Стройный [Stroynyy]   1705 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 20.3.1964 28.7.1965 15.12.1966 stricken 4.1990 Project 61
Красный Кавказ [Krasnyy Kavkaz]   1706 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 25.11.1964 9.2.1966 25.9.1967 stricken 3.1998 Project 61
Решительный [Reshitelnyy]   1707 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 25.6.1965 30.6.1966 30.12.1967 stricken 7.1996 Project 61
Смышлёный [Smyshlionyy]   1708 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 15.8.1965 22.10.1966 27.9.1968 stricken 2.1993 Project 61
Строгий [Strogiy]   1709 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 22.2.1966 29.4.1967 24.12.1968 stricken 6.1993 Project 61
Сметливый [Smetlivyy] 870 1710 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 15.7.1966 26.8.1967 25.9.1969 in service (2019) Project 61
Смелый [Smelyy]   1711 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 15.11.1966 6.2.1968 27.12.1969 to Poland 1.1988 (Warszawa) Project 61
Красный Крым [Krasnyy Krym]   1712 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 23.2.1968 28.2.1969 15.10.1970 stricken 6.1993 Project 61
Способный [Sposobnyy]   1713 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 10.3.1969 11.4.1970 25.9.1971 stricken 11.1993 Project 61
Скорый [Skoryy]   1714 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 20.4.1970 26.2.1971 23.9.1972 stricken 7.1997 Project 61
Огневой [Ognevoy] (ex-СКР-31 [SKR-31])   751 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 9.5.1962 31.5.1963 31.12.1964 stricken 4.1989 Project 61
Образцовый [Obraztsovyy] (ex-СКР-2 [SKR-2])   752 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 29.7.1963 23.2.1964 29.9.1965 stricken 6.1993 Project 61
Одарённый [Odarionnyy]   753 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 22.1.1963 11.9.1964 30.12.1965 stricken 4.1990 Project 61
Славный [Slavnyy]   754 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 26.7.1964 24.4.1965 30.9.1966 stricken 6.1991 Project 61
Стерегущий [Steregushchiy]   755 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 26.7.1964 20.2.1966 21.12.1966 stricken 6.1993 Project 61
Сдержанный [Sderzhannyy]   1715 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 10.3.1971 29.2.1972 30.12.1973 stricken 5.2001 Project 61M


Technical data


Displacement standard, t

pr. 61, 751-753, 1701-1704: 3465

pr. 61, 754, 755, 1705-1714: 3550

pr. 61M: 4010

Displacement full, t

pr. 61, 751-753, 1701-1704: 4315

pr. 61, 754, 755, 1705-1714: 4510

pr. 61M: 4975

Length, m

pr. 61: 144.0

pr. 61M: 146.2

Breadth, m

15.8

Draught, m

pr. 61, 751-753, 1701-1704: 4.47

pr. 61, 754, 755, 1705-1714: 4.57

pr. 61M: 4.87

No of shafts

2

Machinery

pr. 61, 751-754, 1701-1706: 2 M-3 gas turbine units

pr. 61, 755, 1707-1709: 2 M-3R gas turbine units

pr. 61, 1710-1714: 2 M-3A gas turbine units

pr. 61M: 2 M-3B gas turbine units

Power, h. p.

72000

Max speed, kts

pr. 61: 35.5

pr. 61M: 32

Fuel, t

gas turbine oil

Endurance, nm(kts)

pr. 61: 3500(18)

pr. 61M: 4640(18)

Armament

pr. 61, 751-753, 755, 1702, 1704-1709, 1711-1713: 2 x 2 M-1 Volna SAM (32 V-600(4K90)), 2 x 2 - 76/59 AK-726, 1 x 5 - 533TT, 2 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, 2 x 6 RBU-1000 Smerch-3 ASWRL, 14 - 22 mines, helodeck

pr. 61, 754, 1701, 1703, 1710, 1714: 2 x 2 M-1 Volna SAM (32 V-600(4K90)), 2 x 2 - 76/59 AK-726, 2 x 1 - 45/69 21KM, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 2 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, 2 x 6 RBU-1000 Smerch-3 ASWRL, 14 - 22 mines, helodeck

pr. 61M: 4 x 1 Termit SSM (4 P-15M(4K51)), 2 x 2 M-1 Volna-M SAM (32 V-601(4K91)), 2 x 2 - 76/59 AK-726, 2 x 1 - 45/69 21KM, 4 x 6 - 30/54 AK-630M, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 2 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, 14 - 22 mines, helodeck

Electronic equipment

pr. 61, 751, 1703, 1704: 2x MR-300 Angara, Don, 2x Yatagan, 2x MR-105 Turel' radars, MG-312 Titan sonar, Krab-11, Krab-12, Bizan'-4B, MRP-13-14 ECM suites, 4x PK-16 decoy launchers, Planshet-61 CCS

pr. 61, 752: 2x MR-300 Angara, Don, 2x Yatagan, 2x MR-105 Turel' radars, MG-312 Titan sonar, MR-262 Ograda, Bizan'-4B, MRP-13-14 ECM suites, 4x PK-16 decoy launchers, Planshet-61 CCS

pr. 61, 753: 2x MR-300 Angara, Don, 2x Yatagan, 2x MR-105 Turel' radars, MG-312E Titan, MG-311 Vychegda sonars, Krab-11, Krab-12, Bizan'-4B, MRP-13-14 ECM suites, 4x PK-16 decoy launchers, Planshet-61 CCS

pr. 61, 754, 755, 1705-1706: MR-500 Kliver, MR-310 Angara-A, Don, 2x Yatagan, 2x MR-105 Turel' radars, MG-312 Titan, MG-311 Vychegda sonars, Krab-11, Krab-12, Bizan'-4B, MRP-13-14 ECM suites, 4x PK-16 decoy launchers, Planshet-61 CCS

pr. 61, 1701: 2x MR-300 Angara, Don, 2x Yatagan, 2x MR-105 Turel' radars, MG-312 Titan, MG-311 Vychegda sonars, Krab-11, Krab-12, Bizan'-4B ECM suites, 4x PK-16 decoy launchers, Planshet-61 CCS

pr. 61, 1702: 2x MR-300 Angara, Don, 2x Yatagan, 2x MR-105 Turel' radars, MG-312E Titan, MG-311 Vychegda sonars, Krab-11, Krab-12, MR-262 Ograda, Bizan'-4B, MRP-13-14 ECM suites, 4x PK-16 decoy launchers, Planshet-61 CCS

pr. 61, 1707: MR-500 Kliver, MR-310 Angara-A, Don, 2x Yatagan, 2x MR-105 Turel' radars, MG-312 Titan, MG-311 Vychegda sonars, MI-110R, MI-110K wake detectors, Krab-11, Krab-12, Bizan'-4B, MRP-13-14 ECM suites, 4x PK-16 decoy launchers, Planshet-61 CCS

pr. 61, 1708-1711, 1713, 1714: MR-500 Kliver, MR-310 Angara-A, 2x Volga, 2x Yatagan, 2x MR-105 Turel' radars, MG-312 Titan, MG-311 Vychegda sonars, MI-110R, MI-110K wake detectors, Krab-11, Krab-12, Bizan'-4B, MRP-13-14 ECM suites, 4x PK-16 decoy launchers, Planshet-61 CCS

pr. 61, 1712: MR-500 Kliver, MR-310 Angara-A, 2x Volga, 2x Yatagan, 2x MR-105 Turel' radars, MG-312I, MG-311 Vychegda sonars, MI-110R, MI-110K wake detectors, Krab-11, Krab-12, Bizan'-4B, MRP-13-14 ECM suites, 4x PK-16 decoy launchers, Planshet-61 CCS

pr. 61M: MR-500 Kliver, MR-310 Angara-A, 2x Volga, 2x Yatagan II, 2x MR-105 Turel', 2x MR-123 Vympel radars, MGK-335 Platina, MG-409P sonars, MI-110R, MI-110K wake detectors, Krab-11, Krab-12, MP-401 Start, Bizan'-4B, MRP-15-16 Zaliv ECM suites, 4x PK-16 decoy launchers, Planshet-61 CCS

Complement

pr. 61: 266

pr. 61M: 320



Standard scale images


<i>Komsomolets Ukrainy </i>1962
Komsomolets Ukrainy 1962
<i>Sderzhannyy </i>1980
Sderzhannyy 1980
<i>Soobrazitelnyy </i>1990
Soobrazitelnyy 1990
<i>Sderzhannyy </i>1990
Sderzhannyy 1990
<i>Provornyy </i>1990
Provornyy 1990
<i>Smetlivyy </i>2014
Smetlivyy 2014
<i>Komsomolets Ukrainy </i>1979
Komsomolets Ukrainy 1979
<i>Sderzhannyy </i>1979
Sderzhannyy 1979
<i>Smetlivyy </i>2004
Smetlivyy 2004


Graphics


<i>Obraztsovyy </i>1976
Obraztsovyy 1976
<i>Sderzhannyy </i>1979
Sderzhannyy 1979
<i>Smetlivyy </i>2003
Smetlivyy 2003


Project history

This was one of the radical new classes designed in response to an August 1956 decree. It was described as a replacement not only for the Project 56 class but also for the Project 50 class, on the theory that neither could survive in the face of modem submarines and aircraft. The TTZ described this as an air defence/ASW patrol ship to defend warships and other vessels at sea against submarines, low-flying aircraft, and cruise missiles. As the design developed, the ASW role clearly became secondary. Admiral Gorshkov approved the operational requirement on 14 Match 1956 and design-operational requirements in December 1956. The Naval Technical Institute considered seven alternative armament mixes and configurations, and included a gas turbine for the first time in a major Soviet warship. Detailed design was assigned to TsKB-53. The sketch characteristics were approved 30 April 1957; the preliminary design was submitted to Admiral Gorshkov late in June 1957 and approved 3 September.

The initial operational requirement was for four long-range SAM launchers (16-20 missiles each, with a single control system), three twin 76mm guns (1200 rounds), two (3) quadruple 57mm guns (1200rpg), gun fire control system, two ASW guided missile launchers (4-6 missiles), Two RBU-6000 (80-96 rockets), one triple or two twin 345mm TT (6 torpedoes); a speed of 36kts, range 3000-3500nm at 18kts and 15 days' stores endurance. The design-operational requirement changed the SAM battery to twin launchers (12 missiles each) with two fire control systems, and cut the guns to 2 76mm (700 rounds). The planned ASW missiles were replaced by 1 Ka-25 ASW helicopter, but the two RBU remained. The 345mm TT gave way to one quintuple or two twin 400mm TT (a 40cm ASW torpedo was being developed). Displacement was expected to be 2800t standard.

Virtually all the planned equipment was being developed alongside the design. Thus by the preliminary design stage missile magazine capacity had been set at 16. Presumably as weight compensation, 76.2mm gun ammunition capacity was cut to 600 rounds. Problems with the new 40cm ASW torpedo led to a decision to replace it with 533mm weapons, initially in two triple mounts and then, in the contract design, in quintuple mount. The preliminary design added a pair of RBU-1000 anti-torpedo weapons (24 rounds). Displacement grew to 3200t in the preliminary design and then to 3380t in the contract design. Expected trial speed had to be cut to 35kts in the contract design, and stores' endurance to 10 days.

The contract design was completed in March 1958. Weight growth included 11t added to the SAM magazine feed system between preliminary and contract design, 26t for the SAM control system and automatic units, and 25t in the main power plant.

Apparently initially a combined steam and gas turbine powerplant was planned, using a new 15000shp M-2 gas turbine on each shaft. However, while design-operational requirements were being developed, the turbine developers offered a new 36000shp M-3 unit (two 18000shp M-8E turbines coupled together with reversing gears), with half the guaranteed service life of M-2 (initially 500hr rather than 1000hr, later 3000hr, comprising 100hr at 100% power, 200hr at 80%, and 2700hr at 50-60%). The new destroyer became the first major gas turbine warship in the world; the M-3 powerplant weighed about half as much as the pressure-fired steam plant in Project 56. To produce 2.5 times as much electric power as Project 56 (2800kW) within a limited weight, the designers adopted gas turbine main generators. Using gas turbines, the ship could work up from rest to cruise speed in 10min, then to 30kts in 2-3min, and then full speed in another 3-5min; a steam plant would have taken about 12hr to do the same. As in later Western gas turbine warships, the gas turbines could be removed through the funnels. The ships infra-red signature was approximately halved by mixing air with the gas turbine exhaust in the funnels.

The M-3 turbine was built and tested in parallel with the lead ship Komsomolets Ukrainy. She was therefore initially limited to 65% power (she turned out to need 12% more than designed power at 30.3kts at 3790t). On full-power trials she later made 35.5kts. Prozorlivyy made 39.75kts on trials.

The new powerplant was so light that there was some fear that the usual topside weights would make the ship top-heavy; a new hull form was developed with knuckle from amidships to the transom, and with very sharp bow lines. Tumble-home in the hull was intended to reduce the ship's radar signature.

This was the first Soviet warship designed to withstand nuclear blast. To that end, the primary ship control station was separated from the enclosed bridge ('conning post') and buried in the hull, on the lower deck. Access fore and aft was by an enclosed passageway, with torpedo exits only through gaslight airlocks.

Modernizations

1968, Krasnyy Kavkaz; 1969, Otvazhnyy; 1978, Smetlivyy: - 2 x 2 M-1 Volna SAM; + 2 x 2 M-1 Volna-M SAM (32 V-601(4K91))

late 1960s, Komsomolets Ukrainy, Soobrazitelnyy, Provornyy, Otvazhnyy, Stroynyy, Krasnyy Kavkaz, Reshitelnyy, Ognevoy, Obraztsovyy, Odarionnyy, Slavnyy, Steregushchiy: + Don (2nd) radar

early 1970s, Komsomolets Ukrainy, Soobrazitelnyy, Provornyy, Otvazhnyy, Stroynyy, Krasnyy Kavkaz, Ognevoy, Obraztsovyy, Odarionnyy, Slavnyy, Steregushchiy: - 2x Don radars; + 2x Volga radars

early 1970s, Reshitelnyy: - 2x Don radars; + Volga radar

1973, Ognevoy: as Project 61MP - armed with 4 x 1 Termit SSM (4 P-15M(4K51)), 2 x 2 M-1 Volna-M SAM (32 V-601(4K91)), 2 x 2 - 76/59 AK-726, 2 x 1 - 45/69 21KM, 4 x 6 - 30/54 AK-630M, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 2 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, 14 - 22 mines, helodeck, 2x MR-300 Angara, 2x Volga, 2x Yatagan II, 2x MR-105 Turel', 2x MR-123 Vympel radars, MGK-335 Platina, MG-409P sonars, MI-110R, MI-110K wake detectors, Krab-11, Krab-12, MP-401 Start, Bizan'-4B, MRP-15-16 Zaliv ECM suites, 4x PK-16 decoy launchers, Planshet-61 CCS; gas turbine units were replaced by M-3E

1974, Smyshlionyy, Smelyy; 1975, Stroynyy: as Project 61MP - armed with 4 x 1 Termit SSM (4 P-15M(4K51)), 2 x 2 M-1 Volna-M SAM (32 V-601(4K91)), 2 x 2 - 76/59 AK-726, 2 x 1 - 45/69 21KM, 4 x 6 - 30/54 AK-630M, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 2 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, 14 - 22 mines, helodeck, MR-500 Kliver, MR-310 Angara-A, 2x Volga, 2x Yatagan II, 2x MR-105 Turel', 2x MR-123 Vympel radars, MGK-335 Platina, MG-409P sonars, MI-110R, MI-110K wake detectors, Krab-11, Krab-12, MP-401 Start, Bizan'-4B, MRP-15-16 Zaliv ECM suites, 4x PK-16 decoy launchers, Planshet-61 CCS; gas turbine units were replaced by M-3E

1975, Slavnyy: as Project 61MP - armed with 4 x 1 Termit SSM (4 P-15M(4K51)), 2 x 2 M-1 Volna-M SAM (32 V-601(4K91)), 2 x 2 - 76/59 AK-726, 2 x 1 - 45/69 21KM, 4 x 6 - 30/54 AK-630M, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 2 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, 14 - 22 mines, helodeck, MR-500 Kliver, MR-310 Angara-A, 2x Volga, 2x Yatagan II, 2x MR-105 Turel', 2x MR-123 Vympel radars, MGK-335 Platina, MG-409P sonars, MI-110R, MI-110K wake detectors, Krab-11, Krab-12, MP-401 Start, Bizan'-4B, MRP-15-16 Zaliv ECM suites, Planshet-61 CCS; gas turbine units were replaced by M-3E

1976, Provornyy: as Project 61E - - 2 x 2 M-1 Volna SAM, 2x MR-300 Angara, 2x Yatagan radars; + 1 x 1 M-22 Uragan SAM (24 9M38, 9M38V1A, 9M38UDR), MR-710 Fregat-M, MR-310 Angara-A, 3R-90 radars, MP-401 Start ECM suite; 3810/4750t, 4.65m draught, compl. 296.

1976, Komsomolets Ukrainy: - 2 x 2 M-1 Volna SAM; + 2 x 2 M-1 Volna-P SAM

1977-1980s, all survived but Provornyy: + MG-7 sonar

1977-1979: - MI-110R, MI-110K wake detectors; + MI-110KM wake detector

1978, Komsomolets Ukrainy: - 2 x 2 M-1 Volna-P SAM; + 2 x 2 M-1 Volna-M SAM

1978, Soobrazitelnyy; 1980, Odarionnyy: - 2x MR-300 Angara radars, MG-312E Titan sonar; + 2x MR-310 Angara-A radars, MG-312I Titan sonar

1979-mid-1980s, all: - 2x Yatagan radars; + 2x Yatagan II radars

early 1980s, Skoryy: + 2 PK-2 decoy launchers

1982, Ognevoy: - 2x MR-300 Angara radars; + MR-500 Kliver, MR-310 Angara-A radars

1987, Sposobnyy: as Project 01091 - - 1 x 2 - 76/59, helodeck

1987-early 1990s, all had 4x PK-16, 4x PK-10 decoy launchers

1995, Smetlivyy: as Project 01090 - - 1 x 2 - 76/59, 2 x 6 RBU-1000 Smerch-3 ASWRL, helodeck, 2x Volga radars; + MR-212 Vaygach radar, MNK-300 Kayra non-acoustic submarine detector, 4x PK-10 Smelyy decoy launchers

2002, Smetlivyy: + 2 x 4 3K24 Uran SSM (8 3M24)

Naval service

Otvazhny sank off Sevastopol 30.8.1974 as result of fire initiated by ignition of Volna missile engine in the aft magazine.