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GNEVNYY destroyers (project 57bis) (1960 - 1961)


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Gnevnyy

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Гневный [Gnevnyy]   1401 445 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 16.11.1957 30.11.1958 10.1.1960 stricken 4.1988
Упорный [Upornyy]   1402 445 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 21.9.1958 14.10.1959 3.12.1960 accommodation hulk 6.1991
Бойкий [Boykiy]   1403 445 61 Kommunar Yd, Nikolayev 2.4.1959 15.12.1959 26.6.1961 stricken 2.1988
Гремящий [Gremiashchiy]   771 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 25.2.1958 30.4.1959 30.6.1960 test vessel 7.1987
Жгучий [Zhguchiy]   772 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 23.6.1958 14.10.1959 23.12.1960 stricken 7.1987
Зоркий [Zorkiy]   773 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 17.4.1959 30.4.1960 30.9.1961 stricken 6.1993
Дерзкий [Derzkiy]   774 190 Zhdanov Yd, Leningrad 10.10.1959 4.2.1960 30.12.1961 stricken 4.1990
Гордый [Gordyy]   90 199 Yd, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 5/1959 24.5.1960 6.2.1961 stricken 7.1987
Храбрый [Khrabryy]   91 199 Yd, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 1959 1961 --- completed as power plant 1969


Technical data


Data variantas completed (pr. 57bis) as rebuilt (pr. 57A)
Displacement standard, t

3500

3700

Displacement full, t

4192

4500

Length, m

138.9

140.6

Breadth, m

14.8

14.8

Draught, m

4.47

4.65

No of shafts

2

2

Machinery

2 TV-8 geared steam turbines sets, 4 KV-76 boilers

TV-8 geared steam turbines, 4 KV-76 boilers

Power, h. p.

85000

85000

Max speed, kts

34.5

32

Fuel, t

oil

oil

Endurance, nm(kts)

3060(18)

3060(18)

Armament

2 x 1 KSShch SSM (12 KSShch), 4 x 4 - 57/75 ZIF-75, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 x 16 RBU-2500 Uragan-2 ASWRL, helodeck for Ka-15

1 x 2 M-1 Volna SAM (32 V-600(4K91)), 2 x 4 - 57/75 ZIF-75, 2 x 1 - 45/69 21KM, 4 x 2 - 30/71 AK-230, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 3 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, helodeck for Ka-15

Electronic equipment

1401-1403, 771-773, 90, 91: MR-300 Angara, Neptun, Zalp-Shch, 2x Fut-B radars, Gerkules-2M sonar, Bizan'-4A, Krab-11, Krab-12 ECM suitess, Planshet-57 CCS

774: MR-300 Angara, Uspekh, Neptun, Zalp-Shch, 2x Fut-B radars, Gerkules-2M sonar, Bizan'-4A, Krab-11, Krab-12 ECM suitess, Planshet-57 CCS

MR-310 Angara-A, 2x Volga, Yatagan, Fut-B, 2x MR-104 Rys' radars, MG-312 Titan, MGS-407K sonars, MI-110R radiation wake detector, 2x MRP-11-14, Krab-11, Krab-12 ECM suites, 2x PK-2 decoy launchers

Complement

284

297



Standard scale images


<i>Boykiy </i>1967
Boykiy 1967
<i>Zhguchiy </i>1974
Zhguchiy 1974
<i>Zorkiy </i>1990
Zorkiy 1990
<i>Gnevnyy </i>1979
Gnevnyy 1979


Graphics


<i>Gnevnyy</i>
Gnevnyy
<i>Zhguchiy</i>
Zhguchiy


Project history

These were the first Soviet missile warships. Their TTZ was signed by Admiral Kuznetsov on 25 July 1955. They were apparently designed from the beginning as missile ships; it is not clear why their designation was Project 57bis rather than Project 53. Project 57 may have been an alternative configuration, not yet described. Basic design work was completed at the end of December 1956, but the new navy commander, Admiral Gorshkov, ordered some changes the following February. Note that thid project predates the Project 56M. The design missions were to engage enemy surface ships and to attack shore targets, both using the new KSShch missile.

After a series of model tests of hulls large enough to accommodate the new missile system, a scaled-up Project 56 was chosen, but modified to operate in a chemical or nuclear environment, with airtight remote-control cabs in the engine and boiler rooms. The turbines were modified for better efficiency.

Each of two KSShch missile magazines held six weapons. In addition, one missile could be carried in the box launcher and another in the magazine, but in that case it was impossible to withdraw a faulty missile before launch. Compared to the Kiparis missile control system of Project 56M, the Topol' system in these ships had an improved computer and added a sighting/range-finding station; there was also an auxiliary control system, Kedr. Topol' used the same Zalp-Shch radar as the earlier Kiparis. It was to have incorporated the new Rangout radar, but that was not ready in time (the radar ended up in missile boats). Using an auxiliary system, the ship could engage two targets simultaneously, firing the missiles 5 to 15sec apart. Plans called for a television receiver (Grusha) by means of which the ship could receive target designation data from an aircraft beyond the horizon, but it was never reliable enough to be worth installing. Presumably it was the conceptual forebear of the system used with P-35. The planned targeting aircraft was probably a Ka-15 helicopter, for which a pad was built aft, and for which the ship carried enough fuel for five flights. In fact the helicopter pad proved unsatisfactory (without the television, it could be used only for visual observation) and was little used; saluting guns were mounted on the pad.

As in the 56M missile destroyer, torpedo tubes were placed on the sides of the ship (but its greater beam made it possible to provide triple rather than twin tubes). The light anti-aircraft armament was arranged in a rhomboid similar to that of Project 56.

These ships were soon considered obsolescent; they lacked any effective means of self-defence and their KSShch missile was ineffective. On 30 April 1965 they were ordered converted to ASW ships, presumably as part of the shift towards ASW then in progress. The new version was Project 57A.

Modernizations

1968, Gremiashchiy; 1969, Zhguchiy; 1971, Zorkiy; 1972, Derzkiy; 1973, Boykiy, Gnevnyy; 1975, Gordyy; 1978, Upornyy were rebuilt as Project 57A with data as given in the table.

Naval service

These ships were rated as destroyers, since May 1966 large missile ships, since 1970-1974 large ASW ships, some since August 1977 were rated again as large missile ships.