fighting ships of the world



GAVRIIL destroyers (1916-1917)

Konstantin 1917

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Гавриил <Gavriil>   Russo-Baltic Wks, Revel 11/1913 5/1/1915 12/1916 sunk 21/10/1919
Константин <Konstantin>   Russo-Baltic Wks, Revel 12/1913 12/6/1915 5/1917 sunk 21/10/1919
Свобода <Svoboda> (ex-Владимир <Vladimir>)   Russo-Baltic Wks, Revel 12/1913 18/8/1915 10/1917 sunk 21/10/1919
Михаил <Mikhail>   Russo-Baltic Wks, Revel 11/1913 31/5/1916 --- suspended late 1917
Сокол <Sokol>   Russo-Baltic Wks, Revel 1/1915 Summer 1917 --- suspended late 1917
Мечеслав <Mecheslav> (ex-Лейтенант Ломбард <Leytenant Lombard>)   Russo-Baltic Wks, Revel 8/1915 Summer 1917 --- suspended late 1917


Displacement normal, t


Displacement full, t


Length, m


Breadth, m


Draught, m


No of shafts



AEG steam turbines, 4 Vulkan boilers

Power, h. p.


Max speed, kts


Fuel, t

oil 350

Endurance, nm(kts) 1800(16)


4 x 1 - 102/60, 1 x 1 - 76/28 Lender, 2 x 1 - 7.6/94, 3 x 3 - 450 TT, 80 mines



Ship project history: Large batch of turbine-driven of Imperial  Russian Navy. Built in several series with foreign technical help and possessed a number inter-subclass differences. Common for all ships were artillery (102mm/60 guns), powerful torpedo side salvo (from 8 to 12 450mm torpedoes in twin-and triple mounts) and, except for a lead ship, twin-shaft turbine machinery and a three-funnel outline profile.
   Novik was built under the project of Putilov plant and was equipped with triple-shaft Curtis-AEG-Vulkan and 6 Vulkan boilers. At the moment of commission she was one of the largest (1260t), well armed (4 102mm guns and 4 twin 450mm TTs) and fastest ships of this type in the world. On trials she shown average 36.3kts speed (maximum 37.3kts) at 41910hp.
    On her construction basis for Black Sea Fleet series of Schastlivy class was projected. They differed by machinery structure (2 shafts and 5 boilers), moderated to 30kts speed and arms structure: 3 102mm guns and 5 twin TTs.
    They, in turn, have formed a basis for project of Baltic Fleet Orfey, Leytenant Ilyin and Gavriil classes. Number of boilers on them was moderated to four, and armament in an ultimate variant included 4 102mm guns and 3 triple TTs. The engineering design was developed with the help of Blohm und Voss and Vulkan. At identical general arrangement, dimensions and appearance destroyers differed with type of turbines and boilers: Orfey class had Curtis-AEG-Vulkan turbines and Normand-Vulkan boilers; Leytenant Ilyin class Brown-Boveri-Parsons turbines and Normand boilers; Gavriil class Curtiss-AEG-Vulkan turbines and Normand boilers. On trials the majority of the ships exceeded 31kts.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: Gavriil, Konstantin and Svoboda were sunk on British mines in Koporsky Bay (Gulf of Finland) 21/10/1919.


© Ivan Gogin, 2009-14