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fighting ships of the world

IMPERIAL RUSSIAN NAVY (RUSSIA)

CRUISERS

VARYAG 1st class cruiser (1901)

Varyag 1902

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
<Varyag>   Cramp, Philadelphia, USA 22/5/1899 31/10/1899 15/1/1901 scuttled 9/2/1904, later Japanese Soya, returned 4/4/1916, captured by UK 21/12/1917 (barrack ship V342)

 

Displacement normal, t

6500

Displacement full, t

7022

Length, m

129.8

Breadth, m

15.9

Draught, m

6.30 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VTE, 30 Niclausse boilers

Power, h. p.

21000

Max speed, kts

23.2

Fuel, t

coal 1350

Endurance, nm(kts)

3680(10)

Armour, mm Nickel steel; deck: 38 with 76mm slopes, ammunition hoists: 38, CT: 152

Armament

12 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 12 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 2 x 1 - 63/17 Baranovski, 8 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 2 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 6 - 381 TT (aw, 1 bow, 4 beam, 1 stern), 22 mines

Complement

580

Ship project history: A four-funnelled cruiser with a forecastle deck extending to between the first two funnels. The 152mm guns had no shields and were mounted two abreast forward and aft, and the other eight in sponsons from the upper deck, four abaft the foremast and four by the mainmast. Except for two right aft, the 75mm were at upper deck level.

Ship protection: The protective deck was 38mm with 76mm slopes, the CT 152mm, ammunition hoists 38mm and there was a patch of 76mm protection for the bow and stern TT.

Modernizations: 1916, was armed with: 12 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 10 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 2 x 1 - 47/30 21/2pdr Hotchkiss, 2 - 381 TT (beam)

Naval service: Varyag was badly damaged by Japanese cruiser Asama at Chemulpo 9/2/1904 and was scuttled after the action. She was raised and served in the Japanese Navy as the Soya. Sold to Russia in 1916, she was sent to the White Sea and in February 1917 arrived at Liverpool for repairs that were never carried out, the Varyag remaining as a hulk in British waters until scrapped.

Varyag soon after completion

Varyag 1916

Ivan Gogin, 2014