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IMPERIAL RUSSIAN NAVY / SOVIET NAVY (RUSSIA / USSR)

CRUISERS

ROSSIYA 1st class cruiser (1897)

Rossiya 1904

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Россия <Rossiya>   Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg 1/6/1895 12/5/1896 25/9/1897 sold 7/1922

 

Displacement normal, t

12130

Displacement full, t

12195

Length, m

140.6 pp 144.2 wl 147.8 oa

Breadth, m

20.9

Draught, m

7.92 max

No of shafts

3

Machinery

VTE, 32 Belleville boilers

Power, h. p.

17000 (14500 + 2500)

Max speed, kts

19.7

Fuel, t

coal 2200

Endurance, nm(kts) 7740(10)

Armour, mm

Harvey-nickel steel; belt: 203 - 127, bulkhead: 178, glacises: 127, deck: 76 - 51, casemates: 127 - 38, CT: 305

Armament

4 x 1 - 203/43, 16 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 12 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 20 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 18 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 5 - 381 TT (1 bow, 4 beam)

Complement

839

Ship project history: High-endurance armoured cruiser intending for actions on enemy trading routes. An unfortunate design, though an improvement on the Ryurik. At full power only the 2 wing shafts were used, giving the ihp quoted in the table, as there was insufficient boiler power to use the 2500ihp centre engine in addition, and this was kept for cruising with the wing screws disconnected. The Rossiya was sheathed and coppered.

Ship protection: Main 2.6m-high belt protected 119.8m length and had 203mm thickness (tapering to 127mm at lower edge) between 203mm gun sponsos, short parts fwd from fore sponsons and aft from aft sponsons had 152mm thickness, aft part of hull (between 152mm part and stern) was protected by 127mm belt. Belt was closed by fore 178mm bulkhead in 25m from the stem. Flat protective 76mm deck (51mm near centerline) covered main belt, this deck has turtleback form fwd from fore 178mm bulkhead and had 76 - 63mm thickness. Engines had 127mm glacises. Fore 203mm guns were protected by 51mm fore transverse bulkhead only, 152mm main battery had 127mm fore and aft transverse bulkheads and 38mm inner transverse bulkheads. Aft pair of 152mm guns were protected by fore transverse 38mm bulkheads. Gun hoists were protected by 76mm armour. CT had 305mm sides.

Modernizations: 1904: - 6 x 1 - 75/48; + 6 x 1 - 152/44 Canet

1909: central shaft with cruising VTE was removed (2 VTE, 32 Belleville boilers, 14500hp, 20.4kts, coal stowage rose to 2530t); - 20 x 1 - 47/40, 18 x 1 - 37/20, 5 - 381 TT; + 9 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 200 - 300 mines

1915:- 4 x 1 - 203/43, 8 x 1 - 152/44, 15 x 1 - 75/48; + 6 x 1 - 203/49, 2 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss AA

Naval service: After the Civil war cruiser was disarmed and broken up in 1922.

Rossiya 1897

Rossiya 1910

 

© Ivan Gogin, 2009-14