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RUSSIA / USSR
CRUISERS
PALLADA 1st class cruisers (1901 - 1903)


Photo



Avrora

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Паллада [Pallada]     Galernyy Is, St. Petersburg 4/6/1897 26/8/1899 5/1901 sunk 7/12/1904, to Japan (津軽 [Tsugaru])
Диана [Diana]     Galernyy Is, St. Petersburg 4/6/1897 12/10/1899 23/12/1901 interned by France 8/1904-11/1905, sold 7/1922
Аврора [Avrora]     New Admiralty, St. Petersburg 4/6/1897 24/5/1900 29/7/1903 interned by USA 6/1905-11/1905, TS 1939, damaged 30/9/1941, repaired as memorial 11/1948


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

6731

Displacement full, t

Pallada: 6823

Diana: 6932

Avrora: 6897

Length, m

122.0 pp 123.5 wl 126.8 oa

Breadth, m

16.8

Draught, m

6.35 - 6.55 max

No of shafts

3

Machinery

3 VTE, 24 Belleville boilers

Power, h. p.

11610

Max speed, kts

19.2

Fuel, t

coal 972

Endurance, nm(kts)3700(10)
Armour, mm

Pallada, Diana: Nickel steel: deck: 38 with 63mm slopes, glacises: 38, ammunition hoists: 38, CT: 152

Avrora: Nickel steel: shields: 25, deck: 38 with 63mm slopes, glacises: 38, ammunition hoists: 38, CT: 152

Armament

8 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 24 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 8 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 3 - 381 TT (1 bow, 2 beam)

Complement

570



Standard scale images


<i>Diana</i> 1904
Diana 1904


Graphics


<i>Avrora</i> 1910  
Avrora 1910  
<i>Avrora</i>
Avrora


Ship project history


Protected cruisers, intending for reconnaissance service at squadron and actions on enemy`s trading routes. Three-funnelled cruisers with a forecastle deck as far as the mainmast. All three ships were sheathed and coppered. There was one 152mm gun forward on the forecastle deck, four in sponsons at upper deck level near the bridge and fore funnel, and three aft. The 75mm were on the main and upper decks.

Ship protection


Deck was 38mm in flat part and 63mm in slopes. CT had 152mm sides and 51mm roof. Engines were additionally protected by 38mm glacis.

Modernizations


1908, Avrora: - 4 x 1 - 75/48, 8 x 1 - 37/20, 3 - 381 TT; + 2 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 126 mines

1913, Diana: - 4 x 1 - 75/48, 8 x 1 - 37/20; + 2 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 126 mines

1914, Diana: - 10 x 1 - 152/44, 16 x 1 - 75/48, 3 - 381 TT; + 10 x 1 - 130/53

1916, Diana: - 4 x 1 - 75/48; + 2 x 1 - 75/48 Canet AA

1917, Avrora: - 20 x 1 - 75/48; + 4 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 1 x 1 - 75/48 Canet AA

2/1923, Avrora: - 14 x 1 - 152/44, 1 x 1 - 75/48; + 10 x 1 - 130/53, 4 x 1 - 76/27 8K

1939, Avrora: - 1 x 1 - 130/53, 2 x 1 - 76/27; + 2 x 1 - 45/43 21K

Naval service


Pallada was sunk on shallow water by Japanese siege guns 7/12/1904 at Port Arthur and later destroyed by own crew 2/1/1905 to avoid capture by Japanese, but she was salvaged by them in July, repaired and commissioned as Tsugaru in 1907. Diana was interned by French authorities 24/8/1904 and returned to Russia after war in 1905, she was disarmed and broken up in 1922. Avrora was interned by American authorities 9/6/1905 and returned to Russia after war. She was laid up 5/1918 - 11/1922 and commissioned in 1922 as training cruiser. Avrora was disarmed in July 1941 and 30/9/1941 sunk on shallow water by German field guns. She was salvaged in July 1944 and preserved as memorial from 1948, in 1987 she was practically newly built and used as museum in St. Petersburg.