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fighting ships of the world

IMPERIAL RUSSIAN NAVY / SOVIET NAVY (RUSSIA / USSR)

CRUISERS

BOGATYR' 1st class cruisers (1902-1909)

Bogatyr' 1904

Oleg 1905

Oleg 1914

Komintern 1941

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Богатырь <Bogatyr'>   Vulkan, Stettin, Germany 21/12/1899 30/1/1901 20/8/1902 sold 7/1922
Витязь <Vityaz'>   Galernyy Is, St. Petersburg 3/11/1900 --- --- fire 13/6/1901
Олег <Oleg>   New Admiralty, St. Petersburg 20/7/1902 27/8/1903 25/10/1904 interned by USA 6/1905 - 11/1905 sunk 18/6/1919
Кагул <Kagul>, 3/1907 - Память Меркурия <Pamyat' Merkuriya>, 12/1922 - Коминтерн <Komintern>   Nikolayev Admiralty 5/9/1901 2/6/1902 1905 stricken 3/1918, re-commissioned 11/1923, minelayer 6/1941, damaged 16/7/1942, scuttled 10/10/1942
Кагул <Kagul>, (ex-Очаков <Ochakov>), 3/1917 - Очаков <Ochakov>, 9/1919 - Генерал Корнилов <General Kornilov>   Lazarev Admiralty, Sevastopol 12/3/1901 4/10/1902 23/6/1909 captured by Germany 1/5/1918

 

Displacement normal, t

Bogatyr': 6410

Oleg, Vityaz': 6440

Kagul (i), (ii): 7070

Displacement full, t

Bogatyr': 6700

Oleg, Vityaz': 7400

Kagul (i), (ii): 7790

Length, m

Bogatyr': 127.0 pp 132.4 wl 134.0 oa

Oleg, Vityaz': 126.7 pp 132.0 wl 134.0 oa

Breadth, m

16.6

Draught, m

6.29 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VTE, 16 Normand boilers

Power, h. p.

19500

Max speed, kts

23

Fuel, t

Bogatyr': coal 1220

Oleg, Vityaz', Kagul (i): coal 1100

Kagul (ii): coal 1194

Endurance, nm(kts) 4900(10)

Armour, mm

Bogatyr': turrets: 125 - 90, barbettes: 73 - 51, casemates: 80 - 35, shields: 25, CT: 140, deck: 35 with 70mm slopes, glacis 85

others: turrets: 127 - 89, barbettes: 73 - 51, casemates: 80 - 25, shields: 25, CT: 140, deck: 35 with 70mm slopes, glacis 85

Armament

Bogatyr': 2 x 2 - 152/44 Canet, 8 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 12 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 8 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 2 x 5 - 37/17 Hotchkiss, 4 - 381 TT (1 bow, 2 beam, 2 stern, 12)

Oleg, Vityaz': 2 x 2 - 152/44 Canet, 8 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 12 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 8 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 2 x 5 - 37/17 Hotchkiss, 2 - 381 TT (beam, 6)

Kagul (i), (ii): 2 x 2 - 152/44 Canet, 8 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 12 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 8 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 2 x 5 - 37/17 Hotchkiss, 2 - 450 TT (beam, 6), 290 mines

Complement

581

Ship project history: One of the most successful protected cruisers of Russian Navy, but by 1914 were considered become outdated.

Black Sea pair was similar to Baltic cruisers of Bogatyr class. They were originally named Ochakov and Kagul. Both cruisers were renamed after mutiny on Ochakov  in 1905.

Vityaz` was completely destroyed by fire on the stocks by fire 13/6/1901.

Pamyat Merkuriya was seriously damaged in days of Civil war, repaired in 1922-1923 with usage of the gears lifted from sister-ship Bogatyr. After repair speed did not exceed 19kts. In 1930-1931 she was converted to TS. Both turrets were removed (Single 130mm/55 shielded guns were fitted instead), and 4 side 130mm/55 gun were replaced by 76mm/30 Lender AA guns. Four boilers from boiler room No1 were removed, the exempted space have converted to accommodations for cadets.
    In the winter 1940-1941 Komintern was converted to minelayer, the fore funnel was removed. Real speed did not exceed 12kts. In documents Komintern was registered as a cruiser, training cruiser, minelayer or cruiser-minelayer.

Ship protection, Bogatyr': Main protection was maintained by protective 35mm deck with 70mm slopes. 4 152mm guns were placed in turrets with 125mm faces, 90mm sides and 30mm roofs, 4 152mm guns were protected by casemates with 80mm outer sides and 35mm inner bulkheads. 4 more guns were protected by only 25mm shields. 4 ammunition hoists were protected by 35-30mm armour. Machines were protected by 85mm glacis. CT had 140mm sides and 25mm roof.

Ship protection, later cruisers: Main protection was maintained by protective 35mm deck with 70mm slopes. 4 152mm guns were placed in turrets with 127mm faces, 89mm sides and 30mm roofs, 4 152mm guns were protected by casemates with 80mm outer sides and 25mm inner bulkheads. 4 more guns were protected by only 25mm shields. All ammunition hoists were protected by 35-30mm armour. Machines were protected by 85mm glacis. CT had 140mm sides and 25mm roof.

Modernizations: 1908, Oleg: - 2 x 5 - 37/17

1911, Bogatyr': - 2 x 5 - 37/17, 2 - 381 TT (1 bow, 1 stern)

1912, Pamyat' Merkuriya, Kagul: - 8 x 1 - 47/40, 2 x 5 - 37/17

1914, Pamyat' Merkuriya, Kagul: - 12 x 1 - 75/48; + 4 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 2 x 1 - 75/48 Canet AA

1916, Bogatyr': - 2 x 2 - 152/44, 8 x 1 - 152/44, 12 x 1 - 75/48, 8 x 1 - 47/40; + 2 x 2 - 130/53, 12 x 1 - 130/53, 150 mines

1916, Oleg: - 2 x 2 - 152/44, 8 x 1 - 152/44, 12 x 1 - 75/48, 8 x 1 - 47/40; + 2 x 2 - 130/53, 12 x 1 - 130/53, 1 x 1 - 75/48 Canet AA, 2 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss AA, 150 mines

1917, Kagul: - 2 x 2 - 152/44, 12 x 1 - 152/44; + 10 x 1 - 130/53

1923, Komintern: - 2 x 2 - 152/44, 12 x 1 - 152/44, 2 x 1 - 75/48; + 16 x 1 - 130/53, 2 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss

1931, Komintern: 4 boilers were removed; maximal speed was 12kts; - 6 x 1 - 130/53, 2 x 1 - 47/40; + 4 x 1 - 76/28 8K

early 1941, Komintern: fore funnel was removed; - 2 x 1 - 130/53, 1 x 1 - 76/28; + 3 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 5 x 1 - 12.7/79; 195 mines can be carried

Summer 1941, Komintern: + 2 x 1 - 25/70 72K

early 1942, Komintern: - 3 x 1 - 76/28; + 3 x 1 - 76/52 34K

Naval service: Bogatyr` was laid up in May 1918.  Oleg was interned by American authorities 9/6/1905 and returned to Russia after war. She was torpedoed and sunk by British MTB CMB4 18/6/1919 off Kronshradt (Gulf of Finland). Pamyat` Merkuriya was laid up in March 1918 but captured by German troops 1/5/1918. She was captured again by British-French troops 24/11/1918, transferred to White Army, disarmed 19/2/1919 and demolished by explosives 24/4/1919. Soviets repaired the ship in 1921 - 1923 and commissioned them as training cruiser Komintern 7/11/1923. Ochakov took part in mutiny 24 - 28/11/1905 while outfitted, was damaged by Government troops and later renamed. Later she was 1/5/1918 captured by German troops but captured again by British and French troops 24/11/1918, transferred them to White Army, commissioned by Whites as General Kornilov and finally driven away to Bizerte and interned by French government 29/12/1920. Later, in October 1924, old cruiser was declared by French as Soviet property but sold in situ and BU in 1933.

    Komintern 16/7/1942 was damaged by German aircraft at Poti, then she passed to Tuapse and was disarmed. 10/10/1942 her hull was scuttled in a mouth of Hopi river as breakwater (the wreck remained there today).

Bogatyr` 1902

Bogatyr` 1910s

Oleg 1910s

Komintern 1930s

 

© Ivan Gogin, 2009-14