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fighting ships of the world

IMPERIAL RUSSIAN NAVY (RUSSIA)

CAPITAL SHIPS

TRI SVYATITELYA turret ship (1897)

Tri Svyatitelya 1914

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Три Святителя <Tri Svyatitelya>   Nikolayev Admiralty 16/9/1891 12/11/1893 8/1897 captured by Germany 1/5/1918

 

Displacement normal, t

13318

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

115.1

Breadth, m

22.3

Draught, m

8.66 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VTE, 14 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

11300

Max speed, kts

16.5

Fuel, t

coal 850

Endurance, nm(kts)

2430(10)

Armour, mm

Harvey and nickel steel; belt: 457 - 229, turrets: 406, battery: 127, deck: 76 - 51, CT: 305

Armament

2 x 2 - 305/38, 14 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 4 x 1 - 120/43 Canet, 2 x 1 - 64/17 Baranovski, 10 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 10 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 6 - 381 TT (1 bow, 4 beam, 1 stern)

Complement

753

Ship project history: Black Sea Fleet. In general conception very similar to the Nile and Trafalgar, the turrets not having individual armoured bases. The 152mm guns were in a cramped upper deck battery, and the 120mm with 6 of the 47mm in an unarmoured battery above.

Ship protection: The lower strake of the belt ran for 75m and from 0.5m above to 2.0m below lwl. It was 457mm max reduced to 229mm at the lower edge and to 406mm fore and aft, ending in 406-356mm bulkheads. The upper strake ran for 66m and was 2.4m wide and 406mm thick, ending in curved 406mm bulkheads. The 76-51mm armour deck was only present outside the area covered by the belt upper strake.

Modernizations: 1912: - 6 x 1 - 152/44, 4 x 1 - 120/43, 8 x 1 - 47/40, 10 x 1 - 37/20, 6 - 381 TT

1915: + 2 x 1 - 57/43 Nordenfelt AA

Naval service: In spite of her obsolete design she was a useful member of the Black Sea Fleet in the First World War and took part in several operations with the other pre-dreadnoughts. Tri Svyatitelya was laid up at Sevastopol in March 1918 and captured 1/5/1918 by German troops. 24/11/1918 she was captured by British-French troops and demolished by them 22-24/4/1919. 29/4/1919 she was captured by Reds, 24/6/1919 by Whites and finally liberated by Red Army 15/11/1920. She was never re-commissioned and sold for BU in 1923.

Tri Svyatitelya

© Ivan Gogin, 2014