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fighting ships of the world

IMPERIAL RUSSIAN NAVY / (RUSSIA)

CAPITAL SHIPS

PYOTR VELIKIY turret ship (1876)

Pyotr Velikiy 1880

Pyotr Velikiy 1907

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Пётр Великий <Pyotr Velikiy> (ex-Крейсер <Kreyser>)   Galerny Island, St. Petersburg 1/6/1869 27/8/1872 15/10/1876 TS 8/1903, hulk 5/1921

 

Displacement normal, t

9790

Displacement full, t

10460

Length, m

103.5 oa 98.1 pp

Breadth, m

19.0

Draught, m

8.28 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

HRCR, 12 rectangular boilers

Power, h. p.

6400

Max speed, kts

12.3

Fuel, t

coal 1200

Endurance, nm(kts) 3600(10)

Armour, mm

wrought iron; belt: 356 - 292, belt ends: 254 - 203, citadel: 356, turrets: 356, deck: 76

Armament

2 x 2 - 305/17 obr. 1867, 6 x 1 - 87/17 4pdr obr. 1867, 2 x 4 - 25/40 Palmkrantz

Complement

440

Ship project history: A turret ship of about 2.5m max freeboard and cut down aft except along the centre line. The firing of her heavy guns caused low temperature damage to hull and machinery in the winter of 1876-1877, and her original engines, which had never been satisfactory, were replaced by Messrs Elder during an extensive refit at Glasgow in 1881. Metacentric height is given as 2.64m it is not known at what loading - and not surprisingly she was a bad roller.

Ship protection:  The belt wan complete but nearly submerged at actual load displacement, and the citadel was only 49m long. The side armour had Hughes backing of 560mm of wood between the two 178mm plates. The armour deck was 76mm over the belt outside the citadel and 38mm over the latter.

Modernizations: 1880: + 2 - 356 TC

1882: - 2 x 1 - 87/17, 2 - 356 TC; + 6 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 4 x 5 - 37/17 Hotchkiss, 2 - 381 TT (bow); machinery was replaced by 2 VC, 12 oval boilers (8250hp, 14.3kts)

1907: ship was rebuilt (9790t normal, 12 cylindrical boilers, 5500hp, 12.9kts, 1500(10)nm, 714t of coal; new armament consisted of 4 x 1 - 203/49, 12 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 12 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 4 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss, 8 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 2 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss

Naval service: The Pyotr Velikiy was reconstructed in 1903-1907 and became a two-funnel high freeboard training ship with 4 203mm in sponsons at upper deck level and 12 152mm below on the original upper deck (officially re-classed as TS 11/3/1906). 21/5/1921 she became a mine/torpedo hulk and stricken only in April 1959.

Pyotr Velikiy as battleship

Pyotr Vellikiy as training ship

© Ivan Gogin, 2014