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fighting ships of the world

IMPERIAL RUSSIAN NAVY (RUSSIA)

CAPITAL SHIPS

PERESVET battleships (1901 - 1902)

Peresvet 1901

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Пересвет <Peresvet>   Baltic Works, St. Petersburg 21/11/1895 19/5/1898 7/1901 scuttled 7/12/1904, repaired by Japan (Sagami), returned 6/4/1916, sunk 4/1/1917
Ослябя <Oslyabya>   New Admiralty, St. Petersburg 11/1896 10/1898 8/1901 sunk 27/5/1905
Победа <Pobeda>   Baltic Works, St. Petersburg 21/2/1899 24/5/1900 10/1902 sunk 7/12/1904

 

Displacement normal, t

12683

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

132.4

Breadth, m

21.8

Draught, m

Peresvet, Oslyabya: 7.92

Pobeda: 8.00

No of shafts

3

Machinery

Peresvet, Oslyabya: VTE, 32 Belleville boilers

Pobeda: VTE, 30 Belleville boilers

Power, h. p.

15000

Max speed, kts

18 - 18.5

Fuel, t

coal 2100

Endurance, nm(kts)

6200(10)

Armour, mm

Peresvet, Oslyabya: KC and Harvey; belt: 229 - 127, turrets: 229 - 127, casemates: 127, deck: 76 - 51, CT: 152

Pobeda: belt: 229 - 127, turrets: 254 - 127, casemates: 127, deck: 76 - 51, CT: 210

Armament

2 x 2 - 254/43, 11 x 1 - 152/44 Canet, 20 x 1 - 75/48 Canet, 2 x 1 - 64/17 Baranovski, 20 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 8 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 5 - 381 TT (1 bow, 4 beam)

Complement

752

Ship project history: Three-funnelled ships with a high forecastle deck extending to the mainmast and considerable tumblehome. A thoroughly unsatisfactory design, both armament and protection being poor and speed not exceptional. The 254mm guns were in French-type turrets and of the 152mm 6 were in upper deck and 4 in main deck casemates, with 1 unprotected in the bows. Most of the 75mm were in unarmoured upper and main deck batteries.

Ship protection: The main belt was 95m long and 2.4m wide, 229-1278mm thick with 127mm lower edge, and the 127mm upper belt, reaching the main deck, was only 57m long. Both belts ended in 102mm bulkheads, and there were similar bulkheads between the end casemates. The armour deck was 63-51mm amidships and 76mm at the ends, and in Pobeda alloy steel was used.

Modernizations: 1916, Peresvet after Japanese service was armed with 2 x 2 - 254/43, 10 x 1 - 152/40 41-shiki, 16 x 1 - 76/40 41-shiki, 4 x 1 - 6.5/115, 2 - 381 TT (beam)

Naval service: Oslyabya was sunk 27/5/1905 by gunfire at Tsushima, mainly from the effect of shells near the wl forward. The other two were at Port Arthur in February 1904. Peresvet was seriously damaged by gunfire at the Yellow Sea battle, and in the siege of Port Arthur was scuttled on 7/12/1904 after a total of at least 23 280mm howitzer shells had hit her. She was raised and repaired by the Japanese and served as the Sagami. Sold back to Russia in 1916, she ran aground off Vladivostock 26/5/1916 and remained so until July. She was finally sunk 4/1/1917 by a mine laid by German submarine U73 about 10 miles from Port Said. Pobeda struck a mine 13/4/1904 which exploded under a main coal bunker, and was repaired by mid June. She was not so badly damaged at the Yellow Sea as Peresvet but sank at Port Arthur on 7/12/1904 from the effects of 21 280mm shells. Raised and repaired by the Japanese, she served as the Suwo until scrapped.

Peresvet 1903

© Ivan Gogin, 2014