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DEMOKRATIYA battleship


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Демократия [Demokratiya] (ex-Император Николай I [Imperator Nikolay I])     Russud, Nikolayev 22.6.1914 18.10.1916 --- suspended 24.10.1917

Technical data

Displacement normal, t


Displacement full, t 
Length, m

182.0 wl 188.0 oa

Breadth, m


Draught, m


No of shafts



4 Brown-Curtis steam turbines, 20 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.


Max speed, kts


Fuel, t

coal 2300 + oil 720

Endurance, nm(kts) 
Armour, mm

belt: 267 - 100, turrets: 300, barbettes: 250 - 125, funnel uptakes: 75, decks: 87 - 37, CT: 300


4 x 3 - 305/50, 20 x 1 - 130/53, 4 x 1 - 102/33 Obukhov, 8 x 1 - 7.6/94, 4 - 450 TT (sub, beam)



Standard scale images


Project history

Authorised in June 1914 to counter the additional Turkish battleship purchased from Brazil. She was practically a repeat of the Imperatritsa Mariya class with the protection increased by 50% in weight proportions. At an early stage a changeover to 356mm guns was considered but abandoned for the same reasons as with the previous class. Later during the war even 8 406mm in four turrets was speculated about but it was not certain where such guns would be obtained. As a result of war experience the light guns outfit was changed to 4 102mm AA. Being known under the false name Ivan Grozni to confuse the enemy she received secondary priority in July 1915 when the failure of Turkish plans to strengthen their battlefleet became evident. She was renamed Demokraliya on 29 April 1917 and her incomplete hull fell into German hands in February 1918 and was destroyed by the Allies in 1919 to prevent completion by the Reds. Finally the hull was 28.6.1927 departed Nikolayev to Sevastopol under tow where it was broken up.

Ship protection

The 262mm belt (112m long) extended to 1.75m under lwl tapering to 125mm at lower edge and was backed by a 75mm (25mm near ship ends) longitudinal bulkhead extended down to form the armoured torpedo bulkhead. Small 24m long part between main belt and the stem was 125mm (tapering to 75mm at lower edge). Aft part of the belt consisted of two strakes: 125mm lower from the lower edge to 1m above the lwl and 100mm upper strake. Upper belt (130mm casemate) had 100mm thickness at 121m length and 75mm at 24m part from the stem, in 23m from the stern it was closed by 100mm bulkhead. Upper deck over the battery on 121m length had 38mm thickness, its 24m fore part was 25mm. Medium deck was 63mm near the sides and 25mm near the centreline. Lower deck on the aft part of hull had 25mm thickness. Barbettes had 250mm protection over the upper deck and 150(for end turrets) - 125mm (for medium turrets and inner parts of end barbettes) under the upper deck. Turrets had 300mm faces and rears, 200mm sides and 200mm roofs. Main CT had 300mm sides and 200mm roof, aft CT had 300mm sides and 120mm roof.