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fighting ships of the world

ROMANIAN NAVY (ROMANIA)

OTHER FIGHTING SHIPS

ION C. BRATIANU river monitors (1907-1908)

Ion C. Brătianu 1914

Ion C. Brătianu 1941

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Ion C. Brătianu 7/1951- M202 STT, San Marco, Austria-Hungary // Santieri Galati, Galatz 12/1906 7/1907 9/1907 captured by USSR 5/9/1944 (Азов <Azov>), returned 7/1951, stricken 1960
Lascar Catargiu   STT, San Marco, Austria-Hungary // Santieri Galati, Galatz 4/1907 10/1907 12/1907 sunk 24/8/1944
Alexandru Lachovari 7/1951- M201 STT, San Marco, Austria-Hungary // Santieri Galati, Galatz 2/1907 10/1907 1/1908 captured by USSR 5/9/1944 (Мариуполь <Mariupol>), returned 7/1951, stricken 1960
Mihail Kogălniceanu   STT, San Marco, Austria-Hungary // Santieri Galati, Galatz 2/1907 9/1907 12/1907 sunk 24/8/1944
 

Displacement normal, t

680

Displacement full, t

750

Length, m

62.0 - 63.5

Breadth, m

10.5

Draught, m

1.80

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VTE, 2 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

1800

Max speed, kts

13

Fuel, t

coal 60

Endurance, nm(kts) 1500(9.7)
Armour, mm belt: 70, bulkheads: 60, turrets: 75, deck: 70 - 20, CT: 75 - 70

Armament

3 x 1 - 120/33 G. L/35 K.04, 2 x 1 - 120/8 Haub. L/10, 4 x 1 - 47/40 L/44 (Skoda), 2 x 1 - 6.5/115

Complement

110

Ship project history: Built under Romanian order in Austria-Hungary, assembled from ready sections and launched at Galatz. On construction they were typical Danube monitors of "Austrian" type. They had enough strong protection and artillery arrangement in single turrets under triangular scheme: in any direction 2 guns could fire. In 1918 all were under control of Austria-Hungarian occupation troops, from late 1918 till 1920 under the control of British troops.

Ship protection: citadel consisted of 70mm belt closed by 60mm bulkheads and 45-20mm deck (70mm over boiler room)

Modernizations: 1937-1938, all: superstructure was partly cut; - 3 x 1 - 120/33, 2 x 1 - 120/8, 2 x 1 - 47/40, 2 x 1 - 6.5/115; + 3 x 1 - 120/50 Škoda-Bofors Mk4, 1 x 1 - 37/80 SK C/30, 1 x 2 - 13.2/76

7/1951, M202: - 2 x 1 - 47/44, 1 x 1 - 37/83, 1 x 2 - 13.2/76; + 5 x 1 - 37/73 70K, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 4 x 1 - 12.7/79

7/1951, M201: - 2 x 1 - 47/44, 1 x 1 - 37/83, 1 x 2 - 13.2/76; + 5 x 1 - 37/73 70K, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

Naval service: Mihail Kogălinceanu and Lascar Catargiu 24/8/1944 were sunk by Soviet aircraft on Danube (former at Kiliya, latter at Vilkovo). Both were salvaged, repaired in 1953 and used as TSs till 1957; then they were laid up into reserve and BU in 1959-1962.
Alexandru Lachovari and Ion C. Brătianu 5/9/1944 weare captured by Soviet troops on Danube (former at Izmail, latter and Kislitsy). 30/10/1944 they were commissioned by Soviet Navy as Mariupol and Azov. 3/7/1951 they were returned to Romania, BU in 1959-1960.

 

Ion C. Brătianu 1907

Lascar Catargiu 1935

 

© Ivan Gogin, 2009-16