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fighting ships of the world

POLISH NAVY (POLAND)

MINE WARFARE SHIPS

JASKÓŁKA minesweepers (1935-1939)

Jaskółka 1939

Czajka 1960

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Jaskółka J Warsztaty Portowe Marynarki Wojennej, Gdynia 1934 11/9/1934 8/1935 sunk 14/9/1939
Czajka C, 1946- CJ, CK, 6/1952- D45, 1/1960- 325 Państwowa Stocznia Modlińska, Modlinia 4/1934 10/4/1935 2/1936 captured by Germany 10/1939 (TFA11 torpedo recovery vessel), returned 12/1945, patrol boat 1951, accommodation ship 1966
Mewa M, 1946- MW, 6/1952- D46, 1/1960- 326 Stocznia Gdyńska S. A., Gdynia 1934 10/1/1935 10/1935 sunk 3/9/1939, returned by Germany 12/1945, patrol boat 1951, accommodation ship 1970
Rybitwa R, 1946- RB, 6/1952- D47, 1/1960- 327 Państwowa Stocznia Modlińska, Modlinia 5/1934 26/4/1935 12/1935 sunk 3/9/1939, returned by Germany 12/1945, patrol boat 1951, accommodation ship 1966
Czapla   Warsztaty Portowe Marynarki Wojennej, Gdynia 1937 22/8/1938 8/1939 sunk 14/9/1939
Żuraw 1946- ZW Warsztaty Portowe Marynarki Wojennej, Gdynia 1937 22/8/1938 8/1939 captured by Germany 10/1939 (Oxhoft), returned 12/1945, survey vessel 8/1948

 

Displacement standard, t

183 - 185

Displacement full, t

203

Length, m

45.0

Breadth, m

5.50

Draught, m

1.55 moulded

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Nohab diesels

Power, h. p.

1040

Max speed, kts

17.5

Fuel, t

diesel oil

Armament

Jaskółka, Czajka, Mewa, Rybitwa: 1 x 1 - 75/35 M1915-18, 2 x 1 - 7.9/92, 20 mines, sweeps

Czapla, Żuraw: 1 x 1 - 13.2/76, 2 x 1 - 7.9/92, 20 mines, sweeps

Complement

30

 

Ship project history: Largest combat ships of Polish construction of their time. Four of them were ordered in 1933 for replacement of former German minesweepers of FM class. Two More minesweepers, Czapla and Żuraw, were ordered according to 1936 program.

Modernizations: 12/1945, all survived (as in German Navy) were armed with: 2 x 1 - 20/65 C38.

1946, all survived: - 2 x 1 - 20/65; + 1 x 4 - 20/65 C/38, 2 x 2 - 20/65 C/38, sweeps

1951, all survived: were fully rearmed with 1 x 2 - 37/70 V-11, 1 x 2 - 12.7/79, 2 DCR, Zarnitsa radar

Naval service: Jaskółka and Czapla were sunk by German aircraft 14/9/1939 at Jastran. Mewa and Rybitwa were sunk 3/9/1939 by German aircraft at Hel naval base. They were salvaged by Germans in November, 1939 and renamed Putzig and Rixhoft. In 1940 they were converted to torpedo retrievers and renamed TFA9 and TFA8 respectively. Czajka was captured by German troops at Westerplatte and commissioned by Kriegsmarine as TFA11. In May, 1945 TFA8, 9 and 11 surrendered at Kiel and in 1946 returned to Poland. Żuraw was captured by German troops in October, 1939 and commissioned by Kriegsmarine as Oxhoft. After war she was also returned to Poland.

Mewa 1937

 

Ivan Gogin, 2009-16