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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL DUTCH NAVY (NETHERLANDS)

TORPEDO SHIPS

VAN GHENT destroyers (1928)

Evertsen 1936

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
De Ruyter, 1933- Van Ghent DR, 1933- GT 179 De Schelde, Vlissingen 8/1925 23/10/1926 5/1928 wrecked 15/2/1942
Evertsen EV   Burgerhout`s, Rotterdam 8/1925 29/12/1926 5/1928 lost 28/2/1942
Kortenaer KN   Burgerhout`s, Rotterdam 8/1925 30/7/1927 9/1928 sunk 27/2/1942
Piet Hein PH   Burgerhout`s, Rotterdam 8/1925 2/4/1927 1/1928 sunk 19/2/1942

  

Displacement standard, t

1316

Displacement full, t

1640

Length, m

93.6 pp 98.2 oa

Breadth, m

9.53

Draught, m

2.97

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

31000

Max speed, kts

36

Fuel, t

oil 300

Endurance, nm(kts)

3200(15)

Armament

4 x 1 - 120/50 Bofors No.4, 2 x 1 - 75/52 SA No.2, 4 x 1 - 12.7/90, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 4 DCT (12), 32 mines, 1 seaplane (C.VIIW)

Complement

129

Ship project history: In the early twenties Dutch Navy has started replacement of obsolete destroyers of "Roofdier" (Fret) class, built prior to beginning of the First World War. The project was designed by Yarrow and was based on a construction of British destroyer Ambuscade, but was adapted for building by Dutch shipbuilders. Four destroyers were laid down by summer of 1925. They received names in honour of Dutch naval commanders, therefore they are quite often called as 1st series of "Admiralen" type.

Outwardly ships did not differ from British analogues, but there were numerous changes in details. Main calibre consisted of 120mm/50 guns Bofors No.4 which placed in single mounts on two wore and aft. Guns No.2 and No.3 had no shields, and No.1 and No.4 were covered only in front. For a fire control two rangefinders were available: one over the bridge, and second on portside of platform between TTs. To increase offensive potential of destroyers, they had mine rails.

Seaplane carrying ability was necessary, according to Dutch Naval commanders, for service in waters of the Dutch East Indies, and was the most unusual detail of the project. Seaplane should be stored over the second TT bank on light platform on which it should be handled by a derrick placing near to a mainmast. In turn, mainmast should be transferred from aft superstructure to platfrom between TTs, and two searchlights have been placed on the platforms abreast fore funnel. Standard seaplane in a beginning of war was Fokker C.VIIW, single-engined double-seat biplane, armed with MGs and capable to carry some small bombs, however to the beginning of operations on Pacific destroyers have landed their aviation equipment.

Modernizations: 1940-1941, all: - seaplane

1941, Van Ghent: + sonar

Naval service: De Ruyter was renamed Van Ghent in 1933 to free a name to new cruiser. Van Ghent was hard damaged 15/2/1942 as result of wrecking to a reef at Tjillajap, abandoned and sunk by gunfire of destroyer Banckert. Piet Hein was sunk 19/2/1942 by Japanese destroyers Asashio, Oshio and Michishio in Badoeng Strait. Kortenaer was sunk 27/2/1942 by torpedo hit from Japanese cruiser Haguro in Java sea. Evertsen was hard damaged 28/2/1942 in battle against Japanese destroyers Shirakumo and Murakumo in Sunda Strait, ran aground and 1/3/1942 was blown up by crew.

Evertsen

Ivan Gogin, 2011-14