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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL DUTCH NAVY (NETHERLANDS)

CRUISERS

HOLLAND protected cruisers (1898-1900)

Gelderland 1918

Gelderland 1940

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Holland   Rijkswerf Amsterdam 1895 4/10/1896 1898 stricken 1920
Zeeland 85 De Schelde, Vlissingen 1895 1897 6/1898 stricken 1924
Friesland 171 Fijenoord, Schiedam 1895 1896 2/1898 stricken 1913
Gelderland 174 Fijenoord, Schiedam 1/11/1897 28/9/1898 16/7/1900 TS 1920, stricken 8/1939
Noord Brabant 88 De Schelde, Vlissingen 31/8/1897 17/1/1899 1/3/1900 stricken 1920
Utrecht   Rijkswerf Amsterdam 1897 14/7/1898 1900 stricken 1913

  

Displacement normal, t

Holland, Zeeland, Friesland: 3840

Gelderland, Noord Brabant, Utrecht: 3970

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

Holland, Zeeland, Friesland: 93.3 oa

Gelderland, Noord Brabant, Utrecht: 94.7 oa

Breadth, m

14.8

Draught, m

5.41 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Holland, Zeeland, Friesland: VTE, 8 Yarrow boilers

Gelderland, Noord Brabant, Utrecht: VTE, 8 Yarrow + 2 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

10000

Max speed, kts

20

Fuel, t

coal 814 - 875

Endurance, nm(kts)

4500(10)

Armour, mm

Harvey Nickel steel: deck: 57, ER glacis: 127, main gun shields: 152, secondary gun shields: 13, CT: 102

Armament

Zeeland: 2 x 1 - 149/37 Krupp No.2, 6 x 1 - 120/37 Krupp No.1, 6 x 1 - 75/37 Krupp No.1, 8 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 4 x 5 - 37/17 Hotchkiss, 2 - 450 TT (1 bow, 1 stern)

Holland, Friesland: 2 x 1 - 149/37 Krupp No.2, 6 x 1 - 120/37 Krupp No.2, 6 x 1 - 75/37 Krupp No.1, 8 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 4 x 5 - 37/17 Hotchkiss, 2 - 450 TT (1 bow, 1 stern)

Gelderland, Noord Brabant, Utrecht: 2 x 1 - 149/37 Krupp No.3, 6 x 1 - 120/37 Krupp No.3, 6 x 1 - 75/37 Krupp No.2, 8 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 4 x 5 - 37/17 Hotchkiss, 2 - 450 TT (1 bow, 1 stern)

Complement

324 - 371

Ship project history: Protected cruisers (Pantser-dekschepen), projected on a basis of British Apollo class. On trials Gelderland shown about 20kts, but by 1939 she reached no more than 15kts.

Ship protection: Ships were protected by 57mm deck with 57mm slopes, engine room had 127mm glacis. 152mm guns were protected by fully enclosed 152mm shields.

Modernizations: 1914-1915, Holland: - 2 x 1 - 149/37, 2 x 1 - 75/37, 8 x 1 - 37/20, 4 x 5 - 37/17, 2 - 450 TT; + 4 x 1 - 120/37 Krupp No.2

1914-1915, Noord Brabant: - 2 x 1 - 149/37, 2 x 1 - 75/37, 8 x 1 - 37/20, 4 x 5 - 37/17, 1 - 450 TT (bow); + 4 x 1 - 120/37 Krupp No.3

1914-1915, Zeeland, Gelderland: - 2 x 1 - 149/37, 2 x 1 - 75/37, 8 x 1 - 37/20, 4 x 5 - 37/17, 2 - 450 TT; + 2 x 1 - 120/40 Krupp No.3

1939, Gelderland: + 8 x 1 - 12.7/90, 3 x 1 - 7.9/80

Naval service: Gelderland till 1939 was used as gunnery drill ship, but 24/8/1939 she was stricken from fleet list and in 1940 partially disarmed. In May, 1940 she was captured by Germans at Den Helder, converted to floating AA battery Niobe and sunk by Soviet aircraft at Kotka (Finland) 16/7/1944; wreck was raised in 1947 and scrapped.

Noord Brabant in 1920 was stricken and disarmed, but since 1926 used as a training and barrack hulk at Vlissingen with 1 75mm gun onboard; she was blown up 17/5/1940, wreck was raised by Germans and scrapped.

Utrecht 1901

Gelderland

Ivan Gogin, 2011-14