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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL DUTCH NAVY (NETHERLANDS)

CAPITAL SHIPS AND MONITORS

DE ZEVEN PROVINCIËN coast defence ship (1910)

De Zeven Provinciën 1914

Soerabaja 1939

Soerabaja 1941

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
De Zeven Provinciën, 1936- Soerabaja   Rijkswerf Amsterdam 7/2/1908 15/3/1909 6/10/1910 sunk 18/2/1942

  

Displacement normal, t

5973

Displacement full, t

6510

Length, m

101.5 wl 103.5 oa

Breadth, m

17.1

Draught, m

6.15

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VTE, 8 Werkspoor-Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

8000

Max speed, kts

16

Fuel, t

coal 872

Endurance, nm(kts)

5100(8)

Armour, mm

belt: 150 - 100, deck: 50, turrets: 250, barbettes: 250, CT: 200

Armament

2 x 1 - 283/40 Krupp No.3, 4 x 1 - 149/37 Krupp No.5, 10 x 1 - 75/52 SA No.1, 2 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 2 x 1 - 7.9/80

Complement

448

Ship project history: De Zeven Provinciën was laid down after British Dreadnought and was considered obsolete already by commission moment. Design was the further development of Jacob van Heemskerck and became last and the most strong Dutch coast defence ship. 283mm/42.5 Krupp guns were heaviest of ever established on the Dutch ship (302kg shell was fired on 16100m). On trials ship reached 16.27kts at 8516hp.

Ship protection: Armoured belt protected full ship length. Main 50mm deck was connected with upper edge of the belt.

Modernizations: 1936: 5 boilers were removed, remained ones were converted to oil fuel (7500hp, 16kts, 1100t oil); - 2 x 1 - 149/37, 8 x 1 - 75/52, 2 x 1 - 37/20, 2 x 1 - 7.9/80; + 2 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors No.4, 3 x 2 - 12.7/90, complement 447.

1941: - 2 x 1 - 149/37; + 4 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors No.4

Naval service: Since 1921 De Zeven Provinciën constantly served in the East Indies. There was 4/2/1933 mutiny onboard the ship for which suppression great strengths of fleet and aircraft have been involved has flared, but to cope risen it was possible only in 10 days. In July, 1933 ship was laid up into reserve, in 1935-1936 converted to gunnery drill ship and in 1936 renamed. 5 boilers and a forward funnel were removed, remaining 3 boilers were converted to oil (there is no information about speed after conversion), armament was significantly deadened. In time of WWII ship served as floating battery at Surabaya. Soerabaja was sunk by Japanese aircraft at Surabaya 18/2/1942. She was raised by Japanese, used as a hulk and subsequently scuttled again.

Soerabaja 1939

Ivan Gogin, 2011-14