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fighting ships of the world

IMPERIAL JAPANESE NAVY (JAPAN)

TORPEDO SHIPS

MOMI destroyers (1919-1923)

Kuri 1941

31-go 1941

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
樅 <Momi>   Yokosuka K K 1919 10/6/1919 12/1919 hulk 4/1932
榧 <Kaya>   Yokosuka K K 1919 10/6/1919 3/1920 stricken 1939
楡 <Nire>, 12/1944- 第1泊浦 <Tomariura 1-go>   Kure K K 1919 22/12/1919 3/1920 depot ship 1940, TS 12/1944, surrendered 8/1945, BU 8/1948
梨 <Nashi>   Kawasaki, Kobe 1919 26/8/1919 12/1919 stricken 1939
竹 <Take>   Kawasaki, Kobe 1919 26/8/1919 12/1919 tender 1940
柿 <Kaki>, 2/1945- 大須 <Osu>   Uraga, Tokyo 1919 20/10/1919 8/1920 tender 1940, TS 2/1945, surrendered 8/1945, BU 1947
<Kuri>   Kure K K 12/1919 19/3/1920 4/1920 surrendered 9/1945, sunk 8/10/1945
<Tsuga>   Ishikawajima, Tokyo 3/1919 17/4/1920 7/1920 sunk 15/1/1945
藤 <Fuji>, 1939- 第36号哨戒艇 <36-go>(P36)   Fujinagata, Osaka 12/1919 27/11/1920 5/1921 patrol escort 1939, damaged 17/5/1945, never repaired
菊 <Kiku>, 1939- 第31号哨戒艇 <31-go>(P31)   Kawasaki, Kobe 1/1920 13/10/1920 12/1920 patrol escort 1939, sunk 30/3/1944
葵 <Aoi>, 1939- 第32号哨戒艇 <32-go>(P32)   Kawasaki, Kobe 4/1920 9/11/1920 12/1920 patrol escort 1939, sunk 23/12/1941
萩 <Hagi>, 1939- 第33号哨戒艇 <33-go>(P33)   Uraga, Tokyo 2/1920 29/10/1920 4/1921 patrol escort 1939, sunk 23/12/1941
薄 <Susuki>, 1939- 第34号哨戒艇 <34-go>(P34)   Ishikawajima, Tokyo 5/1920 21/2/1921 5/1921 patrol escort 1939, sunk 3/7/1944
葦 <Ashi>, 12/1944- 第2泊浦 <Tomariura 2-go>   Kawasaki, Kobe 1921 3/9/1921 10/1921 tender 1940, TS 12/1944, surrendered 8/1945, BU 1947
蔦 <Tsuta>, 1939- 第35号哨戒艇 <35-go>(P35)   Kawasaki, Kobe 10/1920 9/5/1921 6/1921 patrol escort 1939, sunk 2/9/1943
蕨 <Warabi>   Fujinagata, Osaka 1921 28/9/1921 12/1921 collision 24/8/1927
蓮 <Hasu>   Uraga, Tokyo 3/1921 8/12/1921 7/1922 damaged 16/1/1945, never repaired
菱 <Hishi>, 1939- 第37号哨戒艇 <37-go>(P37)   Uraga, Tokyo 11/1920 9/5/1921 3/1922 patrol escort 1939, CTL 24/1/1942
菫 <Sumire>, 1944- 三高 <Mitaka>   Ishikawajima, Tokyo 1921 14/12/1921 3/1923 tender 1940, TS 1944, surrendered 8/1945, BU 1948
蓬 <Yomogi>, 1939- 第38号哨戒艇 <38-go>(P38)   Ishikawajima, Tokyo 2/1921 14/3/1922 8/1922 patrol escort 1939, sunk 25/11/1944
蕨 <Tade>, 1939- 第39号哨戒艇 <39-go>(P39)   Fujinagata, Osaka 12/1920 15/3/1922 7/1922 patrol escort 1939, sunk 23/4/1943

  

Displacement normal, t

850

Displacement full, t

1020

Length, m

83.8 pp 85.3 oa

Breadth, m

7.90

Draught, m

2.40

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Kaki, Tsuga, Nire, Hagi, Susuki, Hishi, Hasu: Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Kampon boilers

Sumire, Yomogi: Zoelly geared steam turbines, 3 Kampon boilers

Momi, Kaya, Nashi, Take, Kuri, Fuji, Kiku, Aoi, Ashi, Tsuta, Warabi, Tade: Curtis geared steam turbines, 3 Kampon boilers

Power, h. p.

21500

Max speed, kts

36

Fuel, t

oil 240

Endurance, nm(kts)

3000(15)

Armament

3 x 1 - 120/45 3-shiki, 2 x 1 - 7.7/80, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 20 mines, sweeps

Complement

110

 

 Ship project history: 2nd class destroyers. In total 21 ship under programs of 1918 (8 ships), 1919 (5 ships) and 1920 (8 ships) were built. Represented the further development of Momo class destroyers. Project was significantly redesigned: instead of triple 450mm TT twin 533mm were fitted, and as on Minekaze class, No1 TT was placed fwd from bridge. Machinery, in comparison with a prototype, was more perfect and powerful, was fitted by a gearing, that together with transition to purely oil-firing has positively affected profitability. Artillery have not undergone changes and consisted of three 120mm/45 guns in single mounts with shields. Destroyers had minesweeping equipment and demountable mine rails.

    English numbers of converted patrols are begun from letter P (P31 etc).

 

Modernizations: 1939, 31 - 39-go: were converted to patrol escorts; 1 boiler was removed, maximal speed was 18kts with engine power 12000hp, displacement increased to 935 / 1162t; - 1 x 1 - 120/45 (No 3), 2 x 1 - 7.7/80, 2 x 2 - 533 TT; + 3 x 2 - 25/60 96-shiki, 4 DCT (60)

1940, Nire, Taki, Kaki, Ashi, Sumire: were converted to tenders (depot ships); 1 boiler was removed maximal speed was 14kts and engine power 9000hp, standard displacement was 735t; - (1 - 2) x 1 - 120/45, 1 x 2 - 533 TT. They can also used as TS.

1941, 31-go: + 1 x 2 - 25/60 96-shiki

1942 - 1943, 34 - 36-go, 38-go, 39-go: were converted to fast attack transports; DC stowage decreased to 18; + 1 14m Daihatsu landing craft, accomodation for 150 marines.

1942 - 1943, Tsuga, Kuri, Hasu: - sweeps, mines; + 4 DCT (36)

Naval service: Warabi was lost 25/8/1927 as a result of collision with light cruiser Jintsu.

To the early 1930th ships of this class were estimated by IJN chiefs as become outdated and during period 1932-1939 three were stricken and sold for scrap. 5 more ships in 1939 were disarmed and used as self-propelled tenders. After war they were handed over on demolition.

32-go (ex-Aoi) and 33-go (ex-Hagi) 23/12/1941 were sunk at Wake by fire of American coastal battery. 37-go (ex-Hishi) 24/1/1942 was hard damaged at Balikpapan by gunfire of American destroyers Pope and Parrott, ran aground, subsequently salvaged but was not under repair and handed over on demolition. 39-go (ex-Tade) 23/4/1943 was sunk NE off Formosa by American submarine Seawolf. 35-go (ex-Tsuta) 2/9/1943 was sunk at Lae (New Guinea) by American Army aircraft. 31-go (ex-Kiku) 30/3/1944 was sunk at Palau by American carrier aircraft of TF.58. 34-go (ex-Susuki) 6/3/1943 was hard damaged at collision with target ship Yakaze, 3/7/1944 she was sunk in harbour of Truk by American carrier aircraft. 38-go (ex-Yomogi) 25/11/1944 was sunk by American submarine Atule off Luzon. Tsuga was sunk 15/1/1945 in Pescadores area by American carrier aircraft of TF.38. 36-go (ex-Fuji) 17/5/1945 was hard damaged in Surabaya by British and American carrier aircraft, till the end of war repair was not completed. Hasu 16/1/1945 was damaged by American aircraft, till the end of war repair was not completed. Kuri already after an end of war was lost on a mine at Pusan (Korea) 8/10/1945.

 

Hishi 1925

35-go

 

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14