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fighting ships of the world

IMPERIAL JAPANESE NAVY (JAPAN)

TORPEDO SHIPS

AKIZUKI destroyers (1942-1945)

Akizuki 1942

Akizuki 1942

Hatsutsuki 1943

Harutsuki 1945

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
秋月 <Akizuki>   Maizuru K K 7/1940 2/7/1941 6/1942 sunk 25/10/1944
照月 <Teruzuki> 875 Mitsubishi, Nagasaki 11/1940 21/11/1941 8/1942 sunk 12/12/1942
凉月 <Suzutsuki> 876 Mitsubishi, Nagasaki 3/1941 9/3/1942 12/1942 damaged 7/4/1945, never repaired
初月 <Hatsutsuki>   Maizuru K K 7/1941 3/4/1942 12/1942 sunk 25/10/1944
霜月 <Niizuki> 878 Mitsubishi, Nagasaki 12/1941 29/6/1942 3/1943 sunk 6/7/1943
若月 <Wakatsuki> 879 Mitsubishi, Nagasaki 3/1942 24/11/1942 5/1943 sunk 11/11/1944
霜月 <Shimozuki> 877? Mitsubishi, Nagasaki 7/1942 7/4/1943 3/1944 sunk 25/11/1944
冬月 <Fuyutsuki>   Maizuru K K 5/1943 20/1/1944 5/1944 damaged 20/8/1945, never repaired
花月 <Hanatsuki>   Maizuru K K 2/1944 10/10/1944 12/1944 damaged 24/7/1945, never repaired, to USA 8/1947 (DD934)
宵月 <Yoizuki>   Uraga, Tokyo 8/1943 25/9/1944 1/1945 damaged 5/6/1945, never repaired, to China 8/1947 (Fen Yang)
春月 <Harutsuki>   Sasebo K K 12/1943 3/8/1944 12/1944 surrendered 8/1945, to Soviet Union 8/1947 ( <Vnyezapnyy>)
夏月 <Natsuzuki>   Sasebo K K 5/1944 2/12/1944 8/1945 surrendered 8/1945, to United Kingdom 8/1947, BU 1948
満月 <Mochitsuki>   Sasebo K K 1/1945 --- --- BU incomplete

  

Displacement standard, t

2701

Displacement full, t

3700

Length, m

126.0 pp 132.0 wl 134.2 oa

Breadth, m

11.6

Draught, m

4.15

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Kampon geared steam turbines, 3 Kampon boilers

Power, h. p.

52000

Max speed, kts

33

Fuel, t

oil 1097

Endurance, nm(kts)

8300(18)

Armament

Akizuki, Teruzuki: 4 x 2 - 100/65 98-shiki, 2 x 2 - 25/60 96-shiki, 1 x 4 - 610 TT (8), 6 DCT (72)

Suzutsuki, Hatsutsuki, Niizuki, Wakatsuki: 4 x 2 - 100/65 98-shiki, 4 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki, 1 x 4 - 610 TT (8), 6 DCT (72)

Shimozuki, Fuyutsuki, Hanatsuki, Yoizuki, Harutsuki: 4 x 2 - 100/65 98-shiki, 5 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki, 12 x 1 - 25/60 96-shiki, 4 x 1 - 13.2/76, 1 x 4 - 610 TT (8), 6 DCT (72)

Natsuzuki: 4 x 2 - 100/65 98-shiki, 7 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki, 30 x 1 - 25/60 96-shiki, 4 x 1 - 13.2/76, 1 x 4 - 610 TT (8), 6 DCT (72)

Sensors

Hatsutsuki, Niizuki, Wakatsuki: 21-go radar

Shimozuki, Fuyutsuki, Hanatsuki, Yoizuki, Harutsuki, Natsuzuki: 21-go, 22-go, 13-go radars

Complement

300

 

 Ship project history: Destroyers of Akizuki class were planned as specialised anti-aircraft ships for fast carrier task forces. Newest 100mm/65 guns with rather perfect fire control system should become their main weapon. Round them, in essence, the ship also was projected. Originally torpedo armament was not provided at all, however subsequently project was  have improved, having yielded to requirements of supporters of torpedoes. However, it was possible to place only one quadruple TT with fast recharge system. New ships turned out notably more largely than predecessors, that at the same engine power as on Kagero has led to notable fall of speed to 33kts.

In total it was supposed to build 55 destroyers of this class: 6 under the program of 1939, 10 under the program of 1941, 16 on the basic and 23 on additional programs of 1942. Because of a lack of materials and production capacities order for all 39 ships of programs of 1942 have been cancelled even before selection of builders. For the same reason building of last four units of the program of 1941 was cancelled, orders on which have already been received by builders, and one (Michitsuki) even had time to been laid down. In March, 1945 her building was suspended, and hull was scrapped on a slipway in 1948. Planned and ordered Kiyotsuki, Otsuki and Hatsuki were never laid down.

Modernizations: 1943, Akizuki: - 2 x 2 - 25/60; + 4 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki

1944, Akizuki, Suzutsuki, Hatsutsuki, Wakatsuki: + 1 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki, 12 x 1 - 25/60 96-shiki, 4 x 1 - 13.2/76

1945, Suzutsuki, Fuyutsuki, Hanatsuki, Youizuki, Harutsuki: + 2 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki, 18 x 1 - 25/60 96-shiki

Naval service: Teruzuki 26/10/1942 off Santa Cruz was damaged by air torpedo or torpedo from American MTB PT45. 12/12/1942 she was sunk at Kolombangara by American MTB 45. Niizuki 6/7/1943 was sunk E off Kolombangara by American cruisers Helena, Honolulu, St. Louis and destroyers. Hatsutsuki 25/10/1944 was sunk N off Cape Engano (Luzon) by gunfire of American cruisers Mobile, New Orleans, Santa Fe, Wichita and 12 destroyers. Akizuki 19/1/1943 was hard damaged in Solomons area by a mine (under other data she was damaged by a torpedo from American submarine Nautilus), repair lasted till July, 1943; 25/10/1944 she was sunk NE off Engano by American carrier aircraft (under other data by American submarine Halibut). Wakatsuki 11/11/1944 was sunk in Omrock Bay by American carrier aircraft. Shimozuki 25/11/1944 was sunk NE off Singapore by American submarine Cavalla. Suzutsuki 16/1/1944 was hard damaged in Bungo Strait by torpedoes from American submarine Sturgeon (explosions broken off bow and stern), repair lasted 3 months; 7/4/1945 she was hard damaged by American aircraft S off Kyushu and was not under repair. Natsusuki 16/6/1945 was hard damaged at Sasebo by a mine and was not under repair. Fuyutsuki 12/10/1944 was damaged by American submarine Trepang. 20/8/1945 she was hard damaged by a mine in Internal sea of Japan (fore end was broken off) and was not under repair. Yoizuki 5/6/1945 was hard damaged by a mine and was not under repair; 24/7/1945 in Kure she received new damages during raid of American carrier aircraft. In August, 1947 she was transferred as reparation to China. Hanatsuki 24/7/1945 was damaged by American carrier aircraft in Kure and was not under repair. In August, 1947 she was transferred to the USA on a reparation. Harutsuki in August, 1947 was transferred on a reparation to the USSR.

 

Harutsuki 1945

Fuyutsuki

 

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14