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fighting ships of the world

IMPERIAL JAPANESE NAVY (JAPAN)

CAPITAL SHIPS

NAGATO battleships (1920-1921)

Nagato 1920

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
長門 <Nagato>   Kure K K 28/8/1917 9/11/1919 25/11/1920 surrendered 9/1945, sunk as target 29/7/1946
陸奥 <Mutsu>   Yokosuka K K 1/6/1918 31/5/1920 22/11/1921 internal explosion 8/6/1943
  

Displacement normal, t

33800

Displacement full, t

38500

Length, m

213.3 wl 215.8 oa

Breadth, m

29.0

Draught, m

9.10

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Gihon geared steam turbines, 21 Kampon boilers

Power, h. p.

80000

Max speed, kts

26.5

Fuel, t

coal 1600 + oil 3400

Endurance, nm(kts) 5500(16)

Armour, mm

belt: 305 - 102, bulkheads: 330 - 254, deck: 51 + 70, barbettes: 305 - 229, turrets: 356 - 127, casemates: 152 - 19, CT: 356 - 102

Armament

4 x 2 - 410/45 3-shiki, 20 x 1 - 140/50 3-shiki, 4 x 1 - 76/40 3-shiki, 8 - 533 TT (beam)

Complement

1333

Ship project history: In reply to accepted in the USA in 1916 ambitious shipbuilding program Japanese parliament has approved the so-called program "8-4", which else since 1914 tried to conduct a Naval staff.

According to it, in addition to ships of classes already ready or being built (Kongo, Fuso and Ise classes) it was provided to build four more battleships. Nagato and Mutsu should become the first Japanese battleships not only built, but also completely projected in Japan. 410mm guns have been developed in Japan in 1914 in reply to occurrence in Royal Navy of 381mm guns, and also taking into account hearings about works in the USA over heavier guns.

Nagato and Mutsu were formed according to the concept of the fast battleship, British Queen Elizabeth class battleships were unique embodiment of this concept at that time, as has predetermined some likeness of these ships though structurally new Japanese battleships "have grown" from Ise class (the same as British from Iron Duke class super-dreadnoughts).

The hull, in comparison with previous class, became on 7.6m longer and on 0.3m wider. Abandoning from amidships turrets allowed to place almost twice more powerful machinery, that increased a speed, in comparison with Ise, by 3kts, to 26.5kts.

Already after start of building both ship have removed to the program "8-8", becoming the first of eight battleships and eight battlecruisers with guns in not less than 410mm calibre provided to building. And the last: the Washington conference of 1922 cancelled this program realisation. The fate of Mutsu hung by a thread: it was offered to hand over already ready ship on demolition, but Japanese managed to defend her (in particular, one of arguments was that the part of means for her building was collected by schoolchildren).

Ship protection: Main belt extended from No1 to No4 barbettes and had 305mm thickness between barbettes, tapering to 76mm at lower edge. It closed by 330-254mm fore and 254mm aft bulkheads abreast end barbettes. Hull outside end barbettes was protected by 203mm belt tapered to 76mm at lower edge, thickness of this belt decreased to 102mm near ship ends. Upper 203mm belt extended from main belt to upper deck and from No2 to No3 barbette (110m). It was closed by 203mm angled bulkheads. Lower casemate had 152mm armor. Upper casemate had only 25mm protection. Flat main 70mm deck connected with upper edge of main belt. Lower deck had 51mm thickness in flat part and connected with lower edge of main belt by 76mm slopes. Forecastle deck over casemate was 38-25mm. Turrets had 356mm faces, 280mm sides and 127mm crowns. CT had 356mm sides and 102mm roof. Underwater protection was 6.5m deep and content 76-51mm longitudinal bulkhead.

Modernizations: 1925, Nagato: + 3 x 1 - 76/40 3-shiki

1932 - 1933, Nagato: - 7 x 1 - 76/40; + 4 x 2 - 127/40 89-shiki,  2 x 1 - 40/62 "HI" 91-shiki

1932 - 1933, Mutsu: - 4 x 1 - 76/40; + 4 x 2 - 127/40 89-shiki, 2 x 1 - 40/62 "HI" 91-shiki

(8/1933 - 1/1936, Kure K K) Nagato; (9/1934 - 9/1936, Yokosuka K K) Mutsu: bulges were fitted, hull was lengthened, new boilers were fitted and turbines modernized. Superstructure was reconstructed, fore funnel removed. Maximal angle of main guns elevation increased to 43, secondary guns from 15 to 35. 2 140mm guns and all TT were removed, catapult was installed. Protection was partially strengthened.

1938, both: - 2 x 1 - 40/62; + 10 x 2 - 25/60 96-shiki. Data was as follows:

 

Mutsu 1941

 

Displacement standard, t

39120

Displacement full, t

42850

Length, m

221.1 wl 224.9 oa

Breadth, m

33.0

Draught, m

9.49

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Kampon-Parsons geared steam turbines, 10 Kampon boilers

Power, h. p.

82000

Max speed, kts

25

Fuel, t

oil 5600

Endurance, nm(kts)

8560(16)

Armour, mm

belt: 305 - 102, bulkheads: 330 - 254, deck: 127 + 70, barbettes: 457 - 356, turrets: 457 - 127, casemates: 152 - 19, CT: 356 - 102

Armament

4 x 2 - 410/45 3-shiki, 18 x 1 - 140/50 3-shiki, 4 x 2 - 127/40 89-shiki, 10 x 2 - 25/60 96-shiki, 1 catapult, 3 seaplanes (E7K2)

Complement

1368

Ship protection after modernization: 134x3.5m main belt extended from No1 to No4 barbettes and had 305mm thickness between barbettes, tapering to 76mm at lower edge. It closed by 330-254mm fore and 254mm aft bulkheads abreast end barbettes. Hull outside end barbettes was protected by 203mm belt tapered to 76mm at lower edge, thickness of this belt decreased to 102mm near ship ends. Upper 203mm belt extended from main belt to upper deck and from No2 to No3 barbette (110m). It was closed by 203mm angled bulkheads. Lower casemate had 152mm armor. Upper casemate had only 25mm protection. Flat main 70mm deck connected with upper edge of main belt. Lower deck had 127mm thickness in flat part and connected with lower edge of main belt by 76mm slopes. Forecastle deck over casemate was 51mm. Turrets had 457mm faces, 280mm sides and 127mm crowns. CT had 356mm sides and 102mm roof. Underwater protection was 6.5m deep and content 76-51mm longitudinal bulkhead.

Modernizations: 6/1943, Nagato: + 1 x 2 - 25/60 96-shiki, 21-go radar

7/1944, Nagato: - 2 x 1 - 140/50, 1 x 2 - 25/60; + 16 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki, 28 x 1 - 25/60 96-shiki, 2 x 13-go, 2 x 22-go radars

11/1944, Nagato: - 4 x 1 - 140/50; + 2 x 2 - 127/40 89-shiki, 9 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki

6/1945, Nagato: - 12 x 1 - 140/50, 6 x 2 - 127/40

Naval service: On Mutsu 8/6/1943 in the Hiroshima bay there was an aft magazines explosion. The principal cause of the explosion which has caused loss of the ship, often a crew negligence is specified.

Nagato during battle in Sibuyan Sea 24/10/1944 has received hits of three bombs which have put out of action one main turret. Next day she was damaged by two more bombs, partially repaired in Yokosuka in the beginning of 1945. The Unique Japanese battleship which has got to winners. 20/9/1945 she was transferred to the USA, used at nuclear tests off the Bikini atoll. 25/7/1946 she was hard damaged by explosion of a 40kt bomb in 1km from the ship and sunk in 4 days.

Nagato 1920

 

Nagato 1928

Nagato

Mutsu

 

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14