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FUSO central battery ironclad (1878)


Photo



Fuso 1878

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
扶桑 [Fuso]     Samuda, Poplar, UK 9/1875 14/4/1877 1/1878 coast defence ship 4/1900, stricken 1908


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

3717

Displacement full, t 
Length, m

67.1 pp 68.9 wl

Breadth, m

14.6

Draught, m

5.49

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 Penn HTC, 8 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

3500

Max speed, kts

13

Fuel, t

coal 360

Endurance, nm(kts)4500(10)
Armour, mm

iron - belt: 229 - 114, battery: 229, bulkheads: 152

Armament

4 x 1 - 235/20 RKL/22 C/72, 2 x 1 - 173/22 RKL/25 C/72, 4 x 1 - 79/25 RKL/27 C/73, 2 x 1 - 75/11 KL/11

Complement

250



Standard scale images


<i>Fuso </i>1875
Fuso 1875
<i>Fuso</i> 1898
Fuso 1898


Graphics


<i>Fuso </i>1878
Fuso 1878
<i>Fuso </i>1900 <i>Many thanks to Alexandr Isaenko for granted photos.</i>
Fuso 1900 Many thanks to Alexandr Isaenko for granted photos.


Ship project history


The central battery ironclad Fuso was laid down as part of the 1875 Programme, which provided for a stronger navy in anticipation of war between Japan and Korea. The Fuso was built to a design prepared by Sir Edward Reed, and was a smaller edition of the British Iron Duke. The barque-rigged vessel was equipped with machinery supplied by Perm and Sons of Greenwich. She had two pairs of CHSCT engines. The Krupp armament was disposed in a layout very similar to the French Redoutable.

Ship protection


2.36m-high wrought-iron main belt protected 2/3 of ship length and was 229mm at wl tapered to 214mm at lower and upper edges, it was backed by wood. Ship ends were protected by 114mm belt. Battery had 229mm sides and was closed by 152mm bulkheads.

Modernizations


1883: + 7 x 4 - 25/60 Nordenfelt Mk I

1885: + 2 - 350 TT (beam)

1886: + 2 x 5 - 11.9/94

1894: the mainmast being removed and military tops added to the fore and mizzen masts, boilers were replaced by 4 cylindrical; - 3 x 4 - 25/60; + 3 x 1 - 47/40 3pdr Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 5 - 11.9/94

1896: - 2 x 1 - 173/22, 4 x 1 - 79/25, 2 x 1 - 75/11, 4 x 5 - 11.9/94; + 4 x 1 - 120/40 Armstrong T, 9 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I

1899-1900, Kure K K: - 2 x 1 - 47/40; + 2 x 1 - 152/50 Armstrong DD

Naval service


Fuso was damaged at the Battle of the Yalu 17/9/1894. Three years later she collided 29/10/1897 with cruiser Matsushima and ran aground on Shikoku Island, raised in September 1898 and served since 8/4/1900 as coast defence ship. She was discarded in 1908 and subsequently scrapped.