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fighting ships of the world

IMPERIAL JAPANESE NAVY (JAPAN)

CAPITAL SHIPS

CHIN YEN turret citadel ironclad (1885 / 1895)

Chin Yen 1900

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
鎮遠 <Chin Yen> (ex-Chen Yuan) 112 Vulcan, Stettin, Germany 1881 28/11/1882 1885 // 3/1895 stricken 1911
  

Displacement normal, t

7220

Displacement full, t

7670

Length, m

91.0 wl 93.9 oa

Breadth, m

18.0

Draught, m

6.10 mean

No of shafts

2

Machinery

HC, 8 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

6300

Max speed, kts

14.5

Fuel, t

coal 1000

Endurance, nm(kts) 4500(10)

Armour, mm

belt: 356 - 203, bulkheads: 356, barbettes: 305, main turrets: 305 - 76, secondary turrets: 51, deck: 76, CT: 203

Armament

2 x 2 - 305/22 RKL/25 C/80, 2 x 1 - 149/32 RKL/35 C/80, 2 x 1 - 79/27 RKL/27 C/73, 2 x 1 - 57/43 Nordenfelt, 8 x 5 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 3 - 350 TT (1 bow, 2 beam), 2 torpedo boats

Complement

329

Ship project history: The Chinese central citadel battleship Chen Yuan was captured by Japanese forces during the Sino-Japanese war when the port of Wei-Hai-Wei surrendered on 12 February 1895. She was refitted and re-armed, commissioning into the Imperial Navy as the Chin Yen to become the Japanese Navy's first battleship.

Ship protection: Citadel was 43.5m long and closed magazines and machinery. Lower belt layer (1.5m-high) had 203mm thickness, medium 1.5m-high layer was 356mm and upper layer was 254mm. Belt was connected by 305mm common barbette of both turrets. 76mm deck closed full hull length, it was flat amidships and aft and had turtleback form at fore end. Main guns were placed in turrets with 305mm faces, 152mm sides and 76mm crowns. CT between turrets had 203mm sides. Secondary turrets had 51mm sides.

Modernizations: 1895-1896: - 2 x 1 - 149/32, 2 x 1 - 79/27, 8 x 5 - 37/20; + 4 x 1 - 152/40 Armstrong W, 8 x 1 - 47/40 3pdr Hotchkiss Mk I

Naval service: She remained in service during the Russo-Japanese war and although present at the bombardment of Port Arthur and the Battle of the Yellow Sea she did not actually go into action. She was removed from the effective fleet in 1910 to become a training ship for pilots, stricken in 1911 and BU in 1914.

Chin Yen

 

Ivan Gogin, 2014