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CHIN YEN turret citadel ironclad (1885 / 1895)


Photo



Chin Yen Many thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
鎮遠 [Chin Yen] (ex-鎮遠 Chen Yuan)   112 Vulcan, Stettin, Germany 1881 28/11/1882 1885 // 3/1895 stricken 1911


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

7220

Displacement full, t7670
Length, m

91.0 wl 93.9 oa

Breadth, m

18.0

Draught, m

6.10 mean

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 HC, 8 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

6300

Max speed, kts

14.5

Fuel, t

coal 1000

Endurance, nm(kts)4500(10)
Armour, mm

belt: 356 - 203, bulkheads: 356, barbettes: 305, main turrets: 305 - 76, secondary turrets: 51, deck: 76, CT: 203

Armament

2 x 2 - 305/22 RKL/25 C/80, 2 x 1 - 149/32 RKL/35 C/80, 2 x 1 - 79/27 RKL/27 C/73, 2 x 1 - 57/43 Nordenfelt, 8 x 5 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 3 - 350 TT (1 bow, 2 beam), 2 torpedo boats

Complement

329



Standard scale images


<i>Chin Yen </i>1900
Chin Yen 1900


Graphics


<i>Chin Yen</i> <i>Many thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.</i>
Chin Yen Many thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.


Ship project history


The Chinese central citadel battleship Chen Yuan was captured by Japanese forces during the Sino-Japanese war when the port of Wei-Hai-Wei surrendered on 12 February 1895. She was refitted and re-armed, commissioning into the Imperial Navy as the Chin Yen to become the Japanese Navy's first battleship.

Ship protection


Citadel was 43.5m long and closed magazines and machinery. Lower belt layer (1.5m-high) had 203mm thickness, medium 1.5m-high layer was 356mm and upper layer was 254mm. Belt was connected by 305mm common barbette of both turrets. 76mm deck closed full hull length, it was flat amidships and aft and had turtleback form at fore end. Main guns were placed in turrets with 305mm faces, 152mm sides and 76mm crowns. CT between turrets had 203mm sides. Secondary turrets had 51mm sides.

Modernizations


1895-1896: - 2 x 1 - 149/32, 2 x 1 - 79/27, 8 x 5 - 37/20; + 4 x 1 - 152/40 Armstrong W, 8 x 1 - 47/40 3pdr Hotchkiss Mk I

Naval service


She remained in service during the Russo-Japanese war and although present at the bombardment of Port Arthur and the Battle of the Yellow Sea she did not actually go into action. She was removed from the effective fleet in 1910 to become a training ship for pilots, stricken in 1911 and BU in 1914.

Many thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.