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fighting ships of the world

IMPERIAL JAPANESE NAVY (JAPAN)

AMPHIBIOUS SHIPS AND CRAFT

"T1" type fast amphibious personnel transports (1944-1945)

9-go 1944

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
第1号輸送艦 <1-go>(T1)   Mitsubishi, Yokohama   1944 5/1944 sunk 27/7/1944
2号輸送艦 <2-go>(T2)   Mitsubishi, Yokohama   1944 6/1944 sunk 5/8/1944
3号輸送艦 <3-go>(T3)   Kure K K   1944 6/1944 sunk 14/9/1944
4号輸送艦 <4-go>(T4)   Kure K K   1944 6/1944 sunk 4/8/1944
5号輸送艦 <5-go>(T5)   Kure K K   1944 8/1944 sunk 14/9/1944
6号輸送艦 <6-go>(T6)   Kure K K   1944 8/1944 sunk 25/11/1944
7号輸送艦 <7-go>(T7)   Mitsubishi, Yokohama   1944 8/1944 sunk 27/12/1944
8号輸送艦 <8-go>(T8)   Mitsubishi, Yokohama   1944 9/1944 sunk 24/12/1944
9号輸送艦  <9-go>(T9)   Kure K K   1944 9/1944 surrendered 8/1945, to USA 1947, BU
第10号輸送艦 <10-go>(T10)   Kure K K   1944 9/1944 sunk 25/11/1944
第11号輸送艦 <11-go>(T11)   Kure K K   1944 11/1944 sunk 7/12/1944
第12号輸送艦 <12-go>(T12_   Kure K K   1944 11/1944 sunk 13/12/1944
第13号輸送艦 <13-go>(T13)   Mitsubishi, Yokohama   1944 11/1944 surrendered 8/1945, to Soviet Union 11/1946 (netlayer - <Tyumen`-Ula>)
第14号輸送艦 <14-go>(T14)   Kure K K   1944 12/1944 sunk 15/1/1945
第15号輸送艦 <15-go>(T15)   Kure K K   1944 12/1944 sunk 17/1/1945
第16号輸送艦 <16-go>(T16)   Mitsubishi, Yokohama   1944 12/1944 surrendered 8/1945, to China 8/1947 (Wu I)
第17号輸送艦 <17-go>(T17)   Kure K K   1944 2/1945 sunk 2/4/1945
第18号輸送艦 <18-go>(T18)   Kure K K   1944 2/1945 sunk 18/3/1945
第19号輸送艦 <19-go>(T19)   Kure K K   1945 5/1945 surrendered 8/1945, to United Kingdom 11/1947, BU
20号輸送艦 <20-go>(T20)   Kure K K   1945 4/1945 surrendered 8/1945, wrecked 25/9/1946
21号輸送艦 <21-go>(T21)   Kure K K   1945 7/1945 sunk 10/8/1945
22号輸送艦 <22-go>(T22)   Kure K K   25/4/1945 --- cancelled 6/1945

 

Displacement standard, t

1500

Displacement normal, t

1800

Length, m

89.0 pp 94.0 wl 96.0 oa

Breadth, m

10.2

Draught, m

3.60

No of shafts

1

Machinery

geared steam turbine, 2 boilers

Power, h. p.

9500

Max speed, kts

22

Fuel, t

oil
Endurance, nm(kts) 4700(18)

Armament

1 - 7-go: 1 x 2 - 127/40 89-shiki, 3 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki, 1 x 2 - 25/60 96-shiki, 4 x 1 - 25/60 96-shiki, 4 DCT (42)

8 - 21-go: 1 x 2 - 127/40 89-shiki, 5 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki, 1 x 2 - 25/60 96-shiki, 9 x 1 - 25/60 96-shiki, 5 x 1 - 13.2/76, 4 DCT (42)

Military load

1 - 16-go: 5 Daihatsu 14m landing craft  + 260 t of cargo or 7 amphibious tanks + 220 t of cargo or 500 t of cargo + 480 men

17 - 21-go: 5 Daihatsu 14m landing craft  + 260 t of cargo or 7 amphibious tanks + 220 t of cargo or 500 t of cargo + 480 men or 2 Koryu midget submarines or 6 Kaiten human torpedoes

Sensors 22-go radar

Complement

 

Ship project history: Fast landing transports, projected specially for supply delivery to isolated island garrisons. They had original enough hull with "inverse" deck sheer: at aft end the deck was smoothly dropped to a water-line that allowed to launch vehicles and landing crafts by two special roller ways. Disemarkation could be effected both on stop, and on up to 16kts speed. For cargo storage ships were arranged with two holds amidships. Cconstruction was as much as possible simplified for simplification of building.

The order for such 46 ships has been given out in September, 1943. Till the end of war 21 ships were commissioned, building of one (22) was suspended in June, 1945 in 90% availability. Orders for 24 more were cancelled in May, 1945.

Modernizations: 9/1944, all completed and survived: + 2 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki, 5 x 1 - 25/60 96-shiki, 5 x 1 - 13.2/76

1945, all completed and survived: military load can include 2 Koryu midget submarines or 6 Kaiten human torpedoes

Naval service: 1 was sunk 27/7/1944 by American carrier aircraft off Palau. 4 was sunk 4/8/1944 by American carrier aircraft off Chichijima. 2 was sunk 5/8/1944 by American carrier aircraft off Chichijima. 5 was sunk 14/9/1944 by American carrier aircraft off Mindanao. 3 was sunk 15/9/1944 by American submarine Guavina off Mindanao. 6 and 10 were sunk 25/11/1944 by American carrier aircraft in Balanacan harbour. 11 was sunk 7/12/1944 by American aircraft off Leyte. 12 was sunk 13/12/1944 by American submarine Pintado in 200nm SE off Takao. 8 was sunk 24/12/1944 by American destroyers Case and Roe off Chichijima. T7 was sunk 27/12/1944 by American destroyers Dunlap, Fanning and Cummings off Kazan. 14 was sunk 15/1/1945 by American carrier aircraft off Takao. 15 was sunk 17/1/1945 by American submarine Tautog off Kagoshima, Kyushu. T18 was sunk 18/3/1945 by American submarine Springer near Mutsurejima, NW part of Kyushu. 17 was sunk 2/4/1945 by American carrier aircraft off Amami. 21 was hard damaged 9/8/1945 by American Army aircraft and sunk next day off Tsuwajima.

    T20 was used in repatriation service and ran aground 25/9/1946 off Chipei-Hsiaotao (Pescadores).

 

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14