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IMPERIAL JAPANESE NAVY (JAPAN)

AMPHIBIOUS SHIPS AND CRAFT

"SBT" type tank landing ships (1944-1945)

103-go 1945

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
第103号輸送艦 <103-go>(T103)   Osaka Zosen 1/1944 9/3/1944 5/1944 sunk 4/7/1944
第104号輸送艦 <104-go>(T104)   Osaka Zosen 2/1944 25/3/1944 5/1944 sunk 15/12/1944
第105号輸送艦 <105-go>(T105)   Osaka Zosen 3/1944 12/4/1944 6/1944 sunk 11/10/1944
120海軍戦車<120-go>(SB120) (ex-第106号輸送艦 <106-go>(T106)), 9/1944- 第106号輸送艦 <106-go>(T106)   Osaka Zosen 3/1944 25/4/1944 6/1944 sunk 15/12/1944
123海軍戦車<123-go>(SB123) (ex-第107号輸送艦 <107-go>(T107)), 9/1944- 第107号輸送艦 <107-go>(T107)   Osaka Zosen 4/1944 12/5/1944 7/1944 sunk 5/1/1945
125海軍戦車<125-go>(SB125) (ex-第108号輸送艦 <108-go>(T108)), 9/1944- (ex-第108号輸送艦 <108-go>(T108)   Osaka Zosen 4/1944 25/5/1944 7/1944 damaged 16/1/1945, never repaired
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第109号輸送艦 <109-go>(T109))   Osaka Zosen 5/1944 1944 8/1944 surrendered 8/1945, BU
第110号輸送艦 <110-go>(T110)   Osaka Zosen 5/1944 1944 9/1944 surrendered 8/1945, to United Kingdom 10/1947, BU
第111号輸送艦 <111-go>(T111)   Osaka Zosen   1944 9/1944 sunk 24/11/1944
第112号輸送艦 <112-go>(T112)   Osaka Zosen   1944 9/1944 sunk 7/1/1945
第113号輸送艦 <113-go>(T113)   Osaka Zosen   1944 10/1944 sunk 25/11/1944
第114号輸送艦 <114-go>(T114)   Osaka Zosen   1944 10/1944 sunk 17/2/1945
第115号輸送艦 <115-go>(T115)   Osaka Zosen   1944 11/1944 damaged 1/2/1945, repair incomplete
103海軍戦車<103-go>(SB103) (ex-第116号輸送艦 <116-go>(T116))   Osaka Zosen   1944 11/1944 surrendered 8/1945, BU 1947
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第117号輸送艦 <117-go>(T117))   Osaka Zosen   1944 12/1944 surrendered 8/1945, BU
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第118号輸送艦 <118-go>(T118))   Osaka Zosen   1944 12/1944 surrendered 8/1945, BU
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第119号輸送艦 <119-go>(T119))   Osaka Zosen   1944 1/1945 surrendered 8/1945, BU
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第120号輸送艦 <120-go>(T120))   Osaka Zosen   1944/45 2/1945 surrendered 8/1945, BU
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第121号輸送艦 <121-go>(T121))   Osaka Zosen   1944/45 2/1945 surrendered 8/1945, BU
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第122号輸送艦 <122-go>(T122))   Osaka Zosen   1944/45 3/1945 surrendered 8/1945, BU
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第123号輸送艦 <123-go>(T123))   Osaka Zosen   1944/45 3/1945 surrendered 8/1945, BU
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第124号輸送艦 <124-go>(T124))   Osaka Zosen   1944/45 5/1945 surrendered 8/1945, BU
127海軍戦車<127-go>(SB127) (ex-第125号輸送艦 <125-go>(T125))   Osaka Zosen   10/4/1945 --- BU incomplete 1947/48
128海軍戦車<128-go>(SB128) (ex-第126号輸送艦 <126-go>(T126))   Osaka Zosen   11/8/1945 --- BU incomplete 1947/48
第129号輸送艦 <129-go>(T129)   Kawanami Kogyo 12/1943 25/2/1944 5/1944 sunk 14/8/1944
第130号輸送艦 <130-go>(T130)   Kawanami Kogyo 1/1944 5/4/1944 6/1944 sunk 4/7/1944
第131号輸送艦 <131-go>(T131)   Kawanami Kogyo 2/1944 23/4/1944 6/1944 damaged 12/1/1945, repaired as passenger ferry
第132号輸送艦 <132-go>(T132)   kawanami Kogyo 2/1944 5/5/1944 6/1944 sunk 27/12/1944
第133号輸送艦 <133-go>(T133)   Sasebo K K 4/1944 7/6/1944 7/1944 sunk 4/8/1944
第134号輸送艦 <134-go>(T134)   Kawanami Kogyo 4/1944 15/6/1944 7/1944 wrecked 4/10/1944
第135号輸送艦 <135-go>(T135)   Kawanami Kogyo 4/1944 26/6/1944 7/1944 sunk 18/10/1944
第136号輸送艦 <136-go>(T136)   Kawanami Kogyo 5/1944 15/7/1944 8/1944 sunk 18/10/1944
第137号輸送艦 <137-go>(T137)   Kawanami Kogyo 6/1944 20/7/1944 8/1944 surrendered 8/1945, to USSR 10/1947 (-55 <DT-55>)
第138号輸送艦 <138-go>(T138)   Kawanami Kogyo 6/1944 3/8/1944 9/1944 sunk 26/10/1944
第139号輸送艦 <139-go>(T139)   Kawanami Kogyo 7/1944 18/8/1944 9/1944 sunk 12/11/1944
第140号輸送艦 <140-go>(T140)   Sasebo K K 7/1944 1944 10/1944 sunk 13/1/1945
第141号輸送艦 <141-go>(T141)   Sasebo K K 7/1944 1944 10/1944 sunk 24/11/1944
第142号輸送艦 <142-go>(T142)   Kawanami Kogyo 8/1944 1944 11/1944 sunk 25/11/1944
第143号輸送艦 <143-go>(T143)   Kawanami Kogyo 8/1944 1944 11/1944 wrecked 8/2/1945
第144号輸送艦 <144-go>(T144)   Kawanami Kogyo 8/1944 1944 12/1944 surrendered 8/1945, BU 1946
第145号輸送艦 <145-go>(T145) (ex-115海軍戦車<115-go>(SB115))   Kawanami Kogyo 9/1944 1944 12/1944 wrecked 2/4/1945
第146号輸送艦 <146-go>(T146) (ex-118海軍戦車<118-go>(SB118))   Kawanami Kogyo   1944 12/1944 sunk 28/4/1945
第147号輸送艦 <147-go>(T147) (ex-112海軍戦車<112-go>(SB112))   Kawanami Kogyo   1944 12/1944 surrendered 8/1945, to USA 11/1947, BU
113海軍戦車<113-go>(SB113) (ex-第148号輸送艦 <148-go>(T148))   Kawanami Kogyo   1944 1/1945 sunk 28/7/1945
第151号輸送艦 <151-go>(T151)   Hitachi, Mukajima 1/1944 27/2/1944 4/1944 sunk 23/11/1944
第152号輸送艦 <152-go>(T152)   Hitachi, Mukajima 2/1944 24/3/1944 5/1944 foundered 2/8/1945
第153号輸送艦 <153-go>(T153)   Hitachi, Mukajima 2/1944 8/4/1944 6/1944 surrendered 8/1945, BU 1948
第154号輸送艦 <154-go>(T154)   Hitachi, Mukajima 3/1944 23/4/1944 7/1944 sunk 5/1/1945
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第155号輸送艦 <155-go>(T155))   Hitachi, Mukajima 4/1944 10/5/1944 7/1944 surrendered 8/1945, BU
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第156号輸送艦 <156-go>(T156))   Hitachi, Mukajima 4/1944 22/5/1944 8/1944 surrendered 8/1945, BU
第157号輸送艦 <157-go>(T157)   Hitachi, Mukajima 5/1944 9/6/1944 8/1944 sunk 24/12/1944
第158号輸送艦 <158-go>(T158)   Hitachi, Mukajima 5/1944 23/6/1944 9/1944 sunk 10/10/1944
第159号輸送艦 <159-go>(T159)   Hitachi, Mukajima 6/1944 8/7/1944 9/1944 sunk 12/12/1944
第160号輸送艦 <160-go>(T160)   Hitachi, Mukajima 7/1944 8/8/1944 7/1944 sunk 24/11/1944
第161号輸送艦 <161-go>(T161)   Hitachi, Mukajima 7/1944 22/8/1944 10/1944 sunk 25/11/1944
101海軍戦車<101-go>(SB101) (ex-第162号輸送艦 <162-go>(T162))   Hitachi, Mukajima 1944 1944 10/1944 surrendered 8/1945, BU 1948
102海軍戦車<102-go>(SB102) (ex-第163号輸送艦 <163-go>(T163))   Hitachi, Mukajima 1944 1944 10/1944 surrendered 8/1945, wrecked late 1945
第164号輸送艦 <164-go>(T164)   Osaka Zosen 4/1945 --- --- cancelled 5/1945
第165号輸送艦 <165-go>(T165)   Osaka Zosen 4/1945 --- --- cancelled 5/1945
第172号輸送艦 <172-go>(T172)   Kawanami Kogyo   1945 3/1945 surrendered 8/1945, to China 10/1947 (Lu Shan)
第173号輸送艦 <173-go>(T173)   Kawanami Kogyo   1945 4/1945 sunk 22/5/1945
第174号輸送艦 <174-go>(T174)   Kawanami Kogyo   1945 7/1945 surrendered 8/1945, BU 1948
第175号輸送艦 <175-go>(T175)   Kawanami Kogyo   11/4/1945 --- cancelled 8/1945, sunk incomplete 8 or 15/9/1945
第176号輸送艦 <176-go>(T176)   Kawanami Kogyo   25/6/1945 --- cancelled 8/1945, sunk incomplete 8/9/1945?
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第184号輸送艦 <184-go>(T184)   Hitachi, Mukajima   1944 11/1944 surrendered 8/1945, BU
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第185号輸送艦 <185-go>(T185)   Hitachi, Mukajima   1944 12/1944 surrendered 8/1945, BU
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第186号輸送艦 <186-go>(T186)   Hitachi, Mukajima   1944 12/1944 surrendered 8/1945, BU
114海軍戦車<114-go>(SB114) (ex-第187号輸送艦 <187-go>(T187)   Hitachi, Mukajima   1944 1/1945 surrendered 8/1945, BU 1948
1..海軍戦車<1..-go>(SB1..) (ex-第188号輸送艦 <188-go>(T188)   Hitachi, Mukajima   1944 1/1945 surrendered 8/1945, BU
T109, 117-124, 155, 156, 184-186 and 188 were renumbered in IJA as SB104-111, 116, 117, 119, 121, 122, 124 and 126

 

Displacement standard, t

870

Displacement normal, t

1020

Length, m

72.0 pp 75.0 wl 80.5 oa

Breadth, m

9.10

Draught, m

2.94

No of shafts

1

Machinery

geared steam turbines, 2 Kampon boilers

Power, h. p.

2500

Max speed, kts

16

Fuel, t

SBT type and 103, 104, 106, 107, 109 - 112, 114 - 125, 127, 128-go of SB type: oil

101, 102, 105, 108, 113, 126-go of SB type: coal

Endurance, nm(kts) 2500(14)

Armament

103-go, 151-go of SBT type and presumably 101 - 110-go of SB type: 1 x 1 - 76/40 11-shiki, 2 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki

104-go, 105-go, 129 - 137-go, 152 - 154-go, 157-go of SBT type and presumably 119 - 126-go of SB type: 1 x 1 - 76/40 11-shiki, 2 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki, 1 DCT (12)

110 - 115-go, 138 - 144-go, 158 - 161-go, 172 - 174-go of SBT type and presumably 111 - 118-go of SB type: 1 x 1 - 76/40 11-shiki, 4 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki, 9 x 1 - 25/60 96-shiki, 1 DCT (12)

Military load

14 7t tanks or 9 15t tanks or 7 2-shiki amphibious tanks or 218t of cargo or 320 marines or 120 marines and 67t of cargo

Sensors completed late 1944 - 1945: 13-go radar

Complement

90

Ship project history: Project of SB class landing ships was prepared in the second half of 1943. On request of Naval Staff they should were to exceed the ships of SS class, insufficiently fast for carrying out of operations in the conditions of domination of the air enemy.

New landing ships were very similar to American contemporaries of LST(2) type, but were smaller and faster. There were prepared two variants of the project, differing by machinery: SBD class ships had 3-shafts diesels, and SBT single-shaft turbine. Latter ensured higher on 2.5kts speed, but diesel ships had increased capacity of cargo holds. In remaining diesel and turbine variants resembled each other, and outwardly they could be distinguished under the funnel form: on SBD it was more low and more widely, while on SBT it was higher, wider and more close to a superstructure.

Beaching was effected through a folding bow ramp. For raise of a hull strength keel at fore end was fulfilled doubled, however operating experience of first ships has demanded carrying out of hull reinforcement.

They were built under the 1943 program. 67 SBT class ships were completed. 28 ships of SBT class were originally served under Army control and had designation SB, but in October, 1944 - January, 1945 six of them were transferred under Naval control. Building of 164 and 165 was suspended in May, and 175, 176, SB127 and SB128 in August, 1945. Incomplete hulls of T175 and T176 foundered in storm off Imari 18/9/1945.

Modernizations: 5/1944, all completed: + 2 x 1 - 25/60 96-shiki, 1 DCT (12)

9/1944, all completed and survived: + 2 x 3 - 25/60 96-shiki, 7 x 1 - 25/60 96-shiki

Naval service: Many ships were lost: 103 (sunk by American carrier aircraft 4/7/1944 off Chichijima), 130 (sunk 4/7/1944 off Iojima, Kazan), 152 (2/8/1944), 133 ( heavy damaged by American carrier aircraft near Iojima, Kazan, and abandoned 4/8/1944), 129 (sunk 14/8/1944 by American destroyer Cole off Boeroe (Banda Sea)), 134 (ran aground 4/10/1944 off Iojima), 158 (sunk 10/10/1944 by American carrier aircraft off Okinawa), 105 (sunk by American submarine Trepang in 150nm SSW off Yokosuka 11/10/1944), 135 and 136 (sunk 18/10/1944 by American carrier aircraft near Luzon), 138 (sunk by American submarine Kingfish 27/10/1944 off Iojima), 112 (ran aground 5/11/1944 at Luzon and abandoned), 139 (sunk 6/11/1944 by American carrier aircraft off Luzon), 151 (sunk 22/11/1944 by American submarine Besugo off Palawan), 111 and T160 (sunk 24/11/1944 by American aircraft at Masbate), 141 (sunk by American aircraft 24/11/1944 off Luzon), 113 (sunk by American aircraft 25/11/1944 off Luzon), 142 and T161 (sunk 25/11/1944 by American carrier aircraft at Luzon), 159 (badly damaged by American aircraft off Camotes 12/12/1944 and abandoned), 104 (sunk 13/12/1944 by American submarine Pintado in 200nm off Takao), 106 (15/12/1944 sunk by American carrier aircraft near Luzon), 157 (sunk 24/12/1944 by American destroyers Case and Roe off Iojima), 132 (sunk 27/12/1944 by American destroyers off Iojima, Kazan), 107 (5/1/1945 sunk by American destroyers off Hahajima), 154 (sunk 5/1/1945 by American destroyers near Iojima), 140 (sunk 12/1/1945 by American aircraft in Saigon harbour), 143 (8/2/1945 ran aground SE off Pescadores), 114 (sunk 17/2/1945 by American aircraft off Shanghai), SB107 (March, 1945), 145 (badly damaged by American aircraft near Amami 2/4/1945 and ran aground 4/4/1945, salvaged 3/9/1945 but sunk again there), 146 (sunk 28/4/1945 by American submarine Trepang off Osezaki), 173 (sunk by American carrier aircraft off Kagoshima 22/5/1945) and SB113 (sunk by American carrier aircraft near Innoshima 28/7/1945). T152 foundered in storm between Chichijima and Iojima 2/8/1945.

    T108 was badly damaged 16/1/1945 by American carrier aircraft at Hong Kong and surrendered in damaged condition. T115 was badly damaged 1/2/1945 in Luzon Straits and never repaired completely. T131 was badly damaged 12/1/1945 by American aircraft at Saigon and repaired month later as passenger ferry. T153 and T174 surrendered in damaged condition.

151-go 4/1944

 

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14