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fighting ships of the world

REGIA MARINA (ITALY)

TORPEDO SHIPS

TURBINE destroyers (1927-1928)

Espero 1940

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Aquilone AL Odero, Sestri Ponente 5/1925 3/8/1927 12/1927 sunk 17/9/1940
Borea BR Ansaldo, Genoa 4/1925 28/1/1927 11/1927 sunk 17/9/1940
Espero ES Ansaldo, Genoa 4/1925 31/8/1927 4/1928 sunk 28/6/1940
Euro ER CT, Riva Trigoso 1/1925 7/7/1927 12/1927 sunk 1/10/1943
Nembo NB CT, Riva Trigoso 1/1925 27/1/1927 10/1927 sunk 20/7/1940
Ostro OT Ansaldo, Genoa 4/1925 2/1/1928 6/1928 sunk 20/7/1940
Turbine TB Odero, Sestri Ponente 3/1925 21/4/1927 8/1927 captured by Germany 9/9/1943 (TA14)
Zeffiro ZF Ansaldo, Genoa 4/1925 27/5/1927 5/1928 sunk 5/7/1940

 

Displacement standard, t

1220

Displacement full, t

1670

Length, m

91.3 pp 93.2 oa

Breadth, m

9.20

Draught, m

3.00

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Thornycroft boilers

Power, h. p.

40000

Max speed, kts

36

Fuel, t

oil 400

Endurance, nm(kts) 3200(14)

Armament

2 x 2 - 120/45 OTO 1926, 2 x 1 - 40/39 Vickers-terni 1917, 1 x 2 - 13.2/76, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 52 mines

Complement

142 - 179

Ship project history: Project of Odero. Development of Sauro, at the expense of insignificant jumboizing it was possible to install more powerful machinery, that has ensured a speed increment in 1kt. Equipment of additional side fuel tanks has allowed to raise fuel stowage. As well as on the previous classes, they had a significant overload (design standard displacement was 1073t). On trials all have exceeded contract speed, but at full load reached no more than 33kts.

Modernizations: 1939 - 1940, Euro, Turbine: - 2 x 1 - 40/39; + 4 x 2 - 20/65 Breda 1935, 2 DCT

1942, Turbine: - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 37/54 Breda 1939

Naval service: Espero was sunk by gunfire of Australian cruiser Sydney 28/6/1940 W off Crete. Zeffiro, Nembo and Ostro 20/7/1940 were sunk by British aircraft at Tobruk. Aquilone 17/9/1940 was stricken by magnetic mines laid by British aircraft at Bengasi. Borea 17/9/1940 was sunk by British aircraft at Bengasi. Euro 1/10/1943 was hard damaged by German air bombs and has sunk at coast of Leros (Aegean sea). Turbine in September, 1943 was captured by German troops, renamed TA14 and sunk by American bombers at Salamis 15/10/1944.

Euro

 

 

Ivan Gogin, 2009-14