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REGIA MARINA / ITALIAN NAVY (ITALY)

TORPEDO SHIPS

"Soldati" destroyers (1938-1942)

Camicia Nera 1940

Legionario 1942

Ascari 1942

Carabiniere 1954

very similar Grecale 1963

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
1st group
Alpino AP CNR, Ancona 5/1937 18/9/1938 4/1939 sunk 19/4/1943
Artigliere AR OTO, Livorno 2/1937 12/12/1937 11/1938 sunk 12/10/1940
Ascari AI OTO, Livorno 12/1937 31/7/1938 5/1939 sunk 24/3/1943
Aviere AV OTO, Livorno 1/1937 19/9/1937 8/1938 sunk 17/12/1942
Bersagliere BG CNR, Palermo 4/1937 3/7/1938 4/1939 sunk 7/1/1943
Camicia Nera, 7/1943- Artigliere CN, AR OTO, Livorno 1/1937 8/8/1937 6/1938 to Soviet Union 1/1949 ( <Lovkiy>)
Carabiniere CB, 1953- D551, 4/1957- F552 CT, Riva Trigoso 2/1937 23/7/1938 12/1938 test ship A5314 1/1960, stricken 1/1965
Corazziere CR, CZ OTO, Livorno 10/1937 22/5/1938 3/1939 scuttled 9/9/1943
Fuciliere FC CNR, Ancona 5/1937 31/7/1938 1/1939 to Soviet Union 2/1950 (˸ <Lyogkiy>)
Geniere GE OTO, Livorno 8/1937 27/2/1938 12/1938 sunk 1/3/1943
Granatiere GN, 1953- D550, 4/1957- F550 CNR, Palermo 4/1937 24/4/1938 2/1939 stricken 7/1958
Lanciere LN CT, Riva Trigoso 2/1937 18/12/1938 3/1939 foundered 23/3/1942
2nd group
Bombardiere BR CNR, Ancona 10/1940 23/3/1942 7/1942 sunk 17/1/1943
Carrista CR OTO, Livorno 9/1941 --- --- captured by Germany on the stocks 9/9/1943 (TA34)
Corsaro CA OTO, Livorno 1/1941 16/11/1941 5/1942 sunk 9/1/1943
Legionario LG OTO, Livorno 10/1940 16/4/1941 3/1942 to France 8/1948 (Duchaffault)
Mitragliere MT CNR, Ancona 10/1940 28/9/1941 2/1942 to France 7/1948 (Jurien de la Gravière)
Squadrista, 7/1943- Corsaro SQ, CA OTO, Livorno 9/1941 12/9/1942 --- captured incomplete by Germany 9/9/1943 (TA33)
Velite VL OTO, Livorno 4/1941 31/8/1941 8/1942 to France 7/1948 (Duperré)

 

Displacement standard, t

1830

Displacement full, t

2460

Length, m

101.6 pp 106.7 oa

Breadth, m

10.2

Draught, m

3.50

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Alpino, Bersagliere, Carabiniere, Fuciliere, Granatiere, Lanciere, Bombardiere, Mitragliere: Beluzzo geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Artigliere, Ascari, Aviere, Camicia Nera, Corazziere, Geniere, Carrista, Corsaro, Legionario, Squadrista, Velite: Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

48000

Max speed, kts

38

Fuel, t

oil 517

Endurance, nm(kts) 2200(20)

Armament

1st group ex Carabiniere: 2 x 2 - 120/50 Ansaldo 1936, 1 x 1 - 120/15 OTO 1934, 4 x 2 - 13.2/76, 4 x 1 - 13.2/76, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 48 mines

Carabiniere: 2 x 2 - 120/50 Ansaldo 1936, 4 x 2 - 13.2/76, 4 x 1 - 13.2/76, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 48 mines

2nd group ex Velite: 2 x 2 - 120/50 Ansaldo 1936, 1 x 1 - 120/50 Ansaldo 1940, 4 x 2 - 20/65 Breda 1935, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 4 DCT

Velite: 2 x 2 - 120/50 Ansaldo 1936, 1 x 1 - 120/15 OTO 1934, 4 x 2 - 20/65 Breda 1935, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 4 DCT

Sensors

Legionario: FuMO 21 radar

Fuciliere, Velite: EC.3/ter radar

Complement

165 - 206

Ship project history: Most successful and numerous class of Italian destroyers. First 12 ships were ordered in 1936 as repetition of Oriani. Already during building project received a number of changes, in particular, 120mm guns of new model, and also little changed machinery which at invariable power became more efficient and reliable. Except new main guns, 120mm/15 howitzer for shooting by star shells was installed and number of 13.2mm MGs was increased to 12. The overload after all innovations has made about 200t (from 1620 to 1830t), but, despite it, "Soldati" type destroyers in real conditions have appeared the fastest Italian destroyers: their speed reached 34-35kts.

Repeated order for 7 ships has followed in 1940. All changes brought in the project of 1st "Soldati" group, were spread also to the 2nd group ships, besides after occurrence of single 120mm/50 mount it was attached on new destroyers instead of star-shell howitzer (except Velite).

Five ships (from 7) of 2nd group were commissioned till September, 1943, Squadrista and Carrista remained incomplete, and works on the latter were suspended even earlier. Incomplete hull was used as a source of spare parts for repair of damaged sister-ships: the bow has got by Carabiniere, and stern by Velite. Survived Carabiniere and Granatiere were rebuilt as fast ASW escorts in 1952-1953 and re-rated as frigates in April, 1957.ce 1960.

Modernizations: 1941 - 1942, all survived of 1st group: - 4 x 2 - 13.2/76, 4 x 1 - 13.2/76; + 4 x 2 - 20/65 Breda 1935, 2 DCT

1941 - 1942, Carabiniere: + 1 x 1 - 120/50 Ansaldo 1940

1941 - 1942, Ascari, Camicia Nera, Geniere, Lanciere: - 1 x 1 - 120/15; + 1 x 1 - 120/50 Ansaldo 1940

1943, Carabiniere, Granatiere, Legionario: - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 37/54 Breda 1939

1943, Fucilirere: - 1 x 1 - 120/15, 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 37/54 Breda 1939

1943, Velite: - 1 x 1 - 120/15, 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 3 x 1 - 37/54 Breda 1939

1943, all survived: + (4 - 5) x 1 - 20/65 Breda 1940

1953 - 1954, Carabiniere, Granatiere: were armed with 1 x 2 - 120/50 Ansaldo 1936, 1 x 1 - 120/50 Ansaldo 1940, 3 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 2 x 1 - 20/65 Breda 1940, 1 x 3 - 533 TT, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT, 2 DCT; 31kts

Carabiniere, 1960: - 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog; + 1 x 3 - 305 Menon ASWRL

Naval service: Artigliere 12/10/1940 was sunk by British cruisers York and Ajax off Malta. Lanciere 23/5/1942 foundered during a storm in Ionian sea. Aviere 17/12/1942 was sunk by two torpedoes from British submarine Splendid near Bizerte. Bersagliere 7/1/1943 was sunk by American aircraft at Palermo. Corsaro 9/1/1943 was lost on two mines laid by British minelayer Abdiel near Bizerte. Bombardiere 17/1/1943 was sunk by British submarine United at western coast of Sicily. Geniere 1/3/1943 was destroyed by American aircraft in dock at Palermo. Ascari 24/3/1943 was sunk on three mines laid by British minelayer Abdiel at coast of Tunisia. Alpino 19/4/1943 was sunk by British aircraft at La Spezia, salvaged, but never commissioned again. She was scuttled by Germans 24/4/1945 at Genoa. Camicia Nera 30/7/1943 was renamed Artigliere. Corazziere 9/9/1943 was scuttled by crew at Genoa, salvaged by Germans, but never repaired. She was sunk 4/9/1944 by Allied aircraft at Genoa. Squadrista in July, 1943 was renamed Corsaro, captured incomplete at Leghorn by German troops in September, 1943, renamed TA33. She was sunk at Genoa by Allied aircraft 4/3/1944. Carrista was captured incomplete by German troops in September, 1943, renamed TA34 and broken up on a slipway.

    Carabiniere was used as weapon trial ship since 1960.

Lanciere 1942

Bombardiere 1942

Carabiniere 1952

 

Ivan Gogin, 2009-15