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fighting ships of the world

REGIA MARINA / ITALIAN NAVY (ITALY)

TORPEDO SHIPS

MAESTRALE destroyers (1934)

Libeccio 1940

Maestrale 1942

similar Carabiniere 1954

Grecale 1963

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Grecale GR, 1953- D552, 4/1957- F556 CNR, Ancona 9/1931 17/6/1934 11/1934 frigate 4/1957, stricken 5/1964
Libeccio LI CT, Riva Trigoso 9/1931 4/7/1934 11/1934 sunk 9/11/1941
Maestrale ML CNR, Ascona 9/1931 5/4/1934 9/1934 scuttled 9/9/1943
Scirocco SC CT, Riva Trigoso 9/1931 22/4/1934 10/1934 foundered 23/3/1942

 

Displacement standard, t

1615

Displacement full, t

2207

Length, m

101.6 pp 106.7 oa

Breadth, m

10.2

Draught, m

3.31

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

44000

Max speed, kts

38

Fuel, t

oil 520

Endurance, nm(kts) 4000(12)

Armament

2 x 2 - 120/50 OTO 1931, 2 x 1 - 40/39 Vickers-Terni 1917, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 52 mines

Complement

153 - 190

Ship project history: Further development of Dardo and Folgore classes. Dimensions were considerably increased for the purpose of correction of basic lacks of predecessors. At designing the big attention was given to rational weights distribution and hull strength increase. Though machinery power, in comparison with previous classes, has not increased, a successful hull form has allowed to store designed speed; moreover, real speed, in comparison with Dardo and Folgore, even was raised approximately on 2kts and reached 32kts. Armament structure has not changed, except for introduction of new 120mm guns. As well as on predecessors, on Maestrale it was not possible to avoid an overload: design standard displacement made 1449t, and actual one has exceeded 1600t.

Modernizations: 1939 - 1940, all: - 2 x 1 - 40/39, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76; + 6 x 1 - 20/65 Breda 1939/1940, 2 DCT

1941 - 1942, all survived: + 1 x 1 - 120/15 OTO 1933/1934

1942, Maestrale: - 1 x 1 - 120/15; + 1 x 1 - 120/50 Ansaldo 1940

early 1943, Grecale: - 6 x 1 - 20/65, 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 37/54 Breda 1939, 6 x 2 - 20/65 Breda 1935

1949, Grecale: - 1 x 1 - 120/15, 6 x 2 - 20/65; + 1 x 1 - 37/54 Breda 1939, 2 x 1 - 20/65 Breda 1939/1940; lattice mast, new radars and British-type bridge were installed

1953, Grecale: - 3 x 1 - 37/54, 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 6 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 3, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog, 2 DCT

1960, Grecale: was armed only with 2 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 3

Naval service: Libecco 9/11/1941 was hard damaged by British submarine Upholder and sunk at tow in Ionian sea. Scirocco 23/3/1942 foundered during a storm in Ionian sea. Maestrale 9/9/1943 was scuttled by crew at Genoa, salvaged by Germans, but never repaired and scuttled again in April, 1945. Grecale in 1952-1953 was rebuilt to fast ASW escort, in April, 1957 re-rated as frigate and since 1960 served as command ship until fleet flagship Giuseppe Garibaldi re-entered service.

Scirocco

Grecale 1951

Ivan Gogin, 2009-15