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REGIA MARINA / ITALIAN NAVY (ITALY)

TORPEDO SHIPS

CURTATONE destroyers (1923-1924)

Curtatone 1940

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Calatafimi CM Orlando, Livorno 12/1920 17/3/1923 5/1924 captured by Germany 9/9/1943 (TA19)
Castelfidardo CD Orlando, Livorno 7/1920 4/6/1922 3/1924 captured by Germany 9/9/1943 (TA16)
Curtatone CT Orlando, Livorno 1/1920 17/3/1922 6/1923 sunk 20/5/1941
Monzambano MB Orlando, Livorno 1/1921 6/8/1923 6/1924 stricken 4/1951

 

Displacement standard, t

953

Displacement full, t

1214

Length, m

84.6 wl 84.7 oa

Breadth, m

8.00

Draught, m

2.90 normal 3.00 full load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Zoelly steam turbines, 4 Thornycroft boilers

Power, h. p.

22000

Max speed, kts

32

Fuel, t

oil 206

Endurance, nm(kts) 1800(15)

Armament

2 x 2 - 102/45 Schneider-Armstrong 1919, 2 x 1 - 76/30 Armstrong 1914, 2 x 3 - 450 TT, 16 mines

Complement

117

Ship project history: 4 ships of Curtatone class have been ordered in 1915 and originally belonged to Palestro class, but their building was suspended till an end of the war. The laying down was happened only in 1920 under the changed project in which, in comparison with a prototype, have brought a number of the innovations, concerning armament structure and arrangement. Curtatone class ships became the first Italian destroyers with all armament placed at centre line. For the first time in the European practice 102mm guns were installed in twin mounts. Besides, these ships received triple TTs instead of twin.

In 1938 they were re-rated as torpedo boats.

Modernizations: 1939 - 1940, all: - 2 x 1 - 76/30; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Scotti-Isotta Fraschini 1939, 2 x 1 - 8/80

1942 - 1943, Castelfidardo: + 1 x 2 - 20/65 Breda 1935

1942 - 1943, Calatafimi: - 1 x 2 - 102/45, 2 x 3 - 450 TT; + 1 x 1 - 102/45 Schneider-Armstrong 1917, 2 x 2 - 20/65 Breda 1935, 1 x 2 - 533 TT

1942 - 1943, Monzambano: - 1 x 2 - 102/45; + 1 x 1 - 102/45 Schneider-Armstrong 1917, 2 x 2 - 20/65 Breda 1935

1946 - 1947, Monzambano: - 1 x 1 - 102/45, 2 x 1 - 20/70, 2 x 1 - 8/80, 2 x 3 - 450 TT; + 1 x 2 - 20/65 Breda 1935, 1 x 2 - 533 TT

Naval service: Curtatone 20/5/1941 was sunk by on Greek mines at Piraeus. Castelfidardo 9/9/1943 was captured by German troops at Suda, renamed TA16 and lost during British air raid 1/6/1944. Calatafimi 9/9/1943 was captured by German troops at Piraeus, renamed TA19 and 9/8/1944 was sunk by Greek submarine Pipinos at Samos.

Monzambano 1943

 

Ivan Gogin, 2009-15