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TORPEDO SHIPS
TURBINE destroyers (1927 - 1928)


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Euro

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Aquilone AL   Odero, Sestri Ponente 5/1925 3/8/1927 12/1927 sunk 17/9/1940
Borea BR   Ansaldo, Genoa 4/1925 28/1/1927 11/1927 sunk 17/9/1940
Espero ES   Ansaldo, Genoa 4/1925 31/8/1927 4/1928 sunk 28/6/1940
Euro ER   CT, Riva Trigoso 1/1925 7/7/1927 12/1927 sunk 1/10/1943
Nembo NB   CT, Riva Trigoso 1/1925 27/1/1927 10/1927 sunk 20/7/1940
Ostro OT   Ansaldo, Genoa 4/1925 2/1/1928 6/1928 sunk 20/7/1940
Turbine TB   Odero, Sestri Ponente 3/1925 21/4/1927 8/1927 captured by Germany 9/9/1943 (TA14)
Zeffiro ZF   Ansaldo, Genoa 4/1925 27/5/1927 5/1928 sunk 5/7/1940


Technical data


Displacement standard, t1220
Displacement full, t1670
Length, m

91.3 pp 93.2 oa

Breadth, m

9.20

Draught, m

3.00

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Thornycroft boilers

Power, h. p.

40000

Max speed, kts

36

Fuel, t

oil 400

Endurance, nm(kts)3200(14)
Armament

2 x 2 - 120/45 OTO 1926, 2 x 1 - 40/39 Vickers-terni 1917, 1 x 2 - 13.2/76, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 52 mines

Complement

142 - 179



Standard scale images


<i>Espero</i> 1940
Espero 1940


Graphics


<i>Euro</i>
Euro


Ship project history


Odero design. Development of Sauro, at the expense of insignificant increasing of the hull it was possible to install more powerful machinery, that has ensured a speed increment in 1kt. Additional side fuel tanks allowed to raise fuel stowage. As well as on the previous classes, they had a significant overload (design standard displacement was 1073t). On trials all have exceeded contract speed, but at full load reached no more than 33kts.

Modernizations


1939 - 1940, Euro, Turbine: - 2 x 1 - 40/39; + 4 x 2 - 20/65 Breda 1935, 2 DCT

1942, Turbine: - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 37/54 Breda 1939

Naval service


Espero was sunk by gunfire of Australian cruiser Sydney 28/6/1940 W off Crete. Zeffiro, Nembo and Ostro 20/7/1940 were sunk by British aircraft at Tobruk. Aquilone 17/9/1940 was stricken by magnetic mines laid by British aircraft at Bengasi. Borea 17/9/1940 was sunk by British aircraft at Bengasi. Euro 1/10/1943 was hard damaged by German air bombs and has sunk at coast of Leros (Aegean sea). Turbine in September, 1943 was captured by German troops, renamed TA14 and sunk by American bombers at Salamis 15/10/1944.