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ALFREDO ORIANI destroyers (1937)


Photo



Vincenzo Gioberti 1940  

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Vittorio Alfieri AF   OTO, Livorno 4/1936 20/12/1936 12/1937 sunk 28/3/1941
Giosue Carducci CD   OTO, Livorno 2/1936 28/10/1936 11/1937 sunk 28/3/1941
Vincenzo Gioberti GB   OTO, Livorno 1/1936 19/9/1936 10/1937 sunk 9/8/1943
Alfredo Oriani OA   OTO, Livorno 10/1935 30/7/1936 7/1937 to France 8/1948 (D'Estaing)


Technical data


Displacement standard, t1675
Displacement full, t2254
Length, m

101.6 pp 106.7 oa

Breadth, m

10.2

Draught, m

3.42

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

48000

Max speed, kts

38

Fuel, t

oil 520

Endurance, nm(kts)2190(18)
Armament

2 x 2 - 120/50 OTO 1936, 4 x 2 - 13.2/76, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 52 mines

Electronic equipmenthydrophone
Complement

157 - 206



Standard scale images


<i>Alfredo Oriani</i> 1943
Alfredo Oriani 1943


Graphics


<i>Vincenzo Gioberti </i>1940  
Vincenzo Gioberti 1940  


Ship project history


Repetition of the previous Maestrale class, but with more powerful machinery. Raise of "official" speed has appeared insignificant though real speed has increased to 33kts. Besides more powerful machinery, on these ships out-of-date 40mm/39 Vickers MGs at last have disappeared from specification. Instead of them the number of 13.2mm MGs was increased twice.

Modernizations


1939 - 1940, all: - 4 x 2 - 13.2/76; + 8 x 1 - 20/65 Breda 1939/1940

1941 - 1942, Vincenzo Gioberti, Alfredo Oriani: - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 120/15 OTO 1933/1934, 2 x 1 - 37/54 Breda 1939, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Scotti-Isotta Fraschini 1939, 2 DCT, S-Gerät sonar

1943, Alfredo Oriani: + FuMO 21 radar

Naval service


Two ships were lost 28/3/1941 in battle at Matapan: Vittorio Alfieri was sunk by gunfire of British destroyers Greyhound, Havock and Stuart, and Giosue Carducci by gunfire of British destroyers Jervis, Nubian and Hotspur. Vincenzo Gioberti 9/8/1943 was sunk by British submarine Simoom off La Spezia.