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AFFONDATORE turret ram (1866)


Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Affondatore     Harrison, Millwall, UK 11.4.1863 3.11.1865 6.6.1866 stricken 10.1907


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

4006

Displacement full, t

4307

Length, m

89.6 pp 93.8 oa

Breadth, m

12.2

Draught, m

6.35

No of shafts

1

Machinery

1 HSE, 8 rectangular boilers

Power, h. p.

2717

Max speed, kts

12

Fuel, t

coal 474

Endurance, nm(kts)1647(10)
Armour, mm

iron; side: 127, turrets: 127, deck: 51

Armament

2 x 1 - 229/14 Armstrong 12.6ton MLR

Complement

309 - 356



Standard scale images


<i>Affondatore </i>1866
Affondatore 1866
<i>Affondatore </i>1889
Affondatore 1889


Project history

The building of this ship was originally contracted with Mare of Millwall on 11.10.1862, but because of the yard's financial difficulties the Italian Government signed a new contract with Harrison, who recast the plans. However, financial problems arose once more; the planned 18 months for the delivery of the ship expired, and the ship eventually sailed from London, uncompleted, on 20 June 1866, the day the halo-Austrian war broke out, since the Italian Government feared a possible sequestration of the ship by the British authorities. The Affondatore joined the Italian fleet off Lissa a few hours before the action. She had an iron hull, a complete iron belt 127mm thick, two single turrets with 228mm Armstrong guns, and was schooner-rigged.

Ship protection

Complete belt was 127mm-thick.

Modernizations

1883-1885: she was re-engined (3240hp), fitted with one military mast, CT with 127mm sides was installed; - 2 x 1 - 229/14; + 2 x 1 - 254/30 B,

1888-1889: + 6 x 1 - 120/24 Armstrong 1.38ton BLR, 1 x 1 - 75/21 Uchatius 29cwt BL No1, 8 x 1 - 57/40 H, 4 x 5 - 37/20 H

1891: + 2 - 450 TT (beam)

Naval service

She was sunk in a storm off Ancona harbour on 6.8.1866. Refloated, she was rebuilt in 1867-70. Since 1891 Affondatore served as a torpedo TS and, in 1904-7, as the principal ship for the defence of Venice. Removed from the Navy list on 11.10.1907, she served her final years as a floating ammunition depot at Taranto.