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SPETSAI coastal battleships (1891-1892)


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Psara 1895

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Υδρα [Idra]     Graville, Le Havre, France 1887 15.5.1889 1892 deleted 1919, gunnery school 1922, BU 1929
Σπέτσαι [Spetsai]     Graville, Le Havre, France 1887 26.10.1889 1892 deleted 1919, naval communication school 1922, BU 1929
Ψαρά [Psara]     A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire, France 1887 20.2.1890 1891 deleted 1919, boys school, BU 1932


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

4808

Displacement full, t4885
Length, m

102.0 pp

Breadth, m

15.8

Draught, m

5.49 mean

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 VTE, 4 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

6700

Max speed, kts

17

Fuel, t

coal 690

Endurance, nm(kts) 
Armour, mm

Creusot steel and compound; belt: 305 - 114, deck: 57, casemate: 350 - 300, barbette: 305

Armament

2 x 1 - 274/34 M1884, 1 x 1 - 274/28 M1881, 5 x 1 - 150/34 M1887, 4 x 1 - 90/22 Canet M1881, 4 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 4 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 6 x 5 - 37/17 Hotchkiss, 3 - 356 TT (1 bow, 2 beam)

Complement

440



Standard scale images


<i>Idra </i>1892
Idra 1892
<i>Spetsai </i>1914
Spetsai 1914


Graphics


<i>Psara </i>1895
Psara 1895


Project history

Original ships with unusual placing of main guns (two in bow casemate and one on aft barbette) and high speed.

Ship protection

Belt had 305mm thickness tapered to 76mm at lower edge. Ship ends were protected by 114mm belt. Main casemate had 350mm sides and 300mm roof, aft barbette had 305mm sides.

Modernizations

1897 - 1900, all: - 5 x 1 - 150/34, 4 x 1 - 90/22, 4 x 1 - 37/20, 1 - 356 TT (bow); + 1 x 1 - 100/48 Canet, 8 x 1 - 65/50 Canet, 4 x 5 - 37/17, 1 - 381 TT (bow)

1908 - 1910, all: were armed with 5 x 1 - 150/45 Schneider

1914 - 1915, all: - 2 x 1 - 150/45; + 6 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss

Naval service

All were stricken at first in 1919, but continued to serve as training auxiliaries and hulks. All were broken up in 1929.