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TORPEDO SHIPS
"1939 type" fleet torpedo boats (1942 - 1944)


Photo



T30  

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
T22     Schichau, Elbing 1940 1941 2.1942 sunk 20.8.1944
T23     Schichau, Elbing 8.1940 14.6.1941 6.1942 surrendered 5.1945, to UK 12.1945, to France 2.1946 (L'Alsacien)
T24     Schichau, Elbing 9.1940 13.9.1941 10.1942 sunk 24.8.1944
T25     Schichau, Elbing 11.1940 1.12.1941 12.1942 sunk 28.12.1943
T26     Schichau, Elbing 5.1941 26.3.1942 2.1943 sunk 28.12.1943
T27     Schichau, Elbing 7.1941 20.6.1942 4.1943 sunk 29.4.1944
T28     Schichau, Elbing 9.1941 8.10.1942 6.1943 surrendered 5.1945, to UK 12.1945, to France 2.1946 (Le Lorrain)
T29     Schichau, Elbing 1942 16.1.1943 8.1943 sunk 26.4.1944
T30     Schichau, Elbing 4.1942 13.3.1943 10.1943 sunk 20.8.1944
T31     Schichau, Elbing 1942 22.5.1943 2.1944 sunk 20.6.1944
T32     Schichau, Elbing 10.1942 17.4.1943 5.1944 sunk 20.8.1944
T33     Schichau, Elbing 1.1943 4.9.1943 6.1944 surrendered 5.1945, to USSR 1.1946 (Примерный [Primernyy])
T34     Schichau, Elbing 3.1943 23.10.1943 8.1944 sunk 20.11.1944
T35     Schichau, Elbing 4.1943 12.12.1943 10.1944 surrendered 5.1945, to USA 7.1945 (DD935), to France 1948 (spares)
T36     Schichau, Elbing 6.1943 5.2.1944 12.1944 sunk 4.5.1945


Technical data


Displacement standard, t

1294

Displacement full, t

1754

Length, m

97.0 wl 102.5 oa

Breadth, m

10.0

Draught, m

2.66 normal 3.22 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Wagner geared steam turbines, 4 Wagner boilers

Power, h. p.

29000

Max speed, kts

32.5

Fuel, t

oil 374

Endurance, nm(kts)5000(19)
Armament

T22 - 30: 4 x 1 - 105/42 SK C/32, 2 x 2 - 37/80 SK C/30, 1 x 4 - 20/65 C/38, 2 x 1 - 20/65 C/38, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT (32), 50 mines

T31 - 36: 4 x 1 - 105/42 SK C/32, 2 x 2 - 37/69 FlaK M/42,1 x 4 - 20/65 C/38, 5 x 1 - 20/65 C/38, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT (32), 50 mines

Electronic equipment

T22 - 30: FuMO 21 radar, S-Gerät sonar, GHG hydrophone

T31 - 36: FuMO 21, FuMO 63 radars, S-Gerät sonar, GHG hydrophone, FuMB3 Bali, FuMB 4 Sumatra ECM suites

Complement

206



Standard scale images


<i>T22</i> 1942
T22 1942
<i>T23</i> 1943
T23 1943
<i>T35</i> 1945
T35 1945


Graphics


<i> T30</i>  
T30  


Project history

Unlike the ships of types 1935 and 1937, "fleet" torpedo boats of 1939 type intended for escort service and self-supporting actions on minor theatres. Artillery arms, at invariable torpedoes number, have been considerably strengthened; as a result displacement has grown on 65%, in comparison with predecessors, seaworthiness and endurance have significantly improved. Machinery remained former (only the arrangement instead of linear became en echelon)  as consequence, speed has decreased, in real conditions did not exceed 31kts and sustained 28.5kts. 105mm guns placed in mounts with 70° max elevation angle and could be used for antiaircraft shooting, that together with MGs did the ships extremely strong concerning air defence. The last 6 ships differed by hull and superstructure form.

Modernizations

early 1944, T22 - 24, 27: + 2 x 4 - 20/65 C/38, 1 x 1 - 20/65 C/38

early 1944, T28 - 30: - 2 x 1 - 20/65; + 2 x 2 - 20/65 C/38

early 1944, T31: - 2 x 1 - 20/65; + 2 x 4 - 20/65 C/38

1944, all survived earlier ships: + FuMO 63 radar, FuMB 3 Bali, FuMB 4 Sumatra ECM suites

early 1945, T35: - 4 x 1 - 20/65; + 2 x 1 - 37/57 FlaK M/43, 2 x 2 - 20/65 C/38

early 1945, T36: - 2 x 1 - 20/65; + 2 x 2 - 20/65 C/38

Naval service

T25 and T26 were lost 28.12.1943 in battle against British cruisers Glasgow and Enterprise in Bay of Biscay. T29 and T27 were sunk by British and Canadian destroyers in La Manche 26.4.1944 and 29.4.1944 respectively, T31 was sunk 20.6.1944 by Soviet MTBs TK-37 and TK-60 in Gulf of Finland. T22, T30 and T32 were lost 20.8.1944 on German mines in Narva Bay. T24 was sunk 24.8.1944 by British aircraft in a mouth of Gironde. T34 was lost 20.11.1944 in Baltic Sea at Rügen on the mines, laid by British aircraft or Soviet submarine L-3. T36 was damaged 3.5.1945 on British aviation mine and 4.5.1945 sunk by Soviet aircraft at Swinemünde.

T23 and T28, being received on reparations by UK, in 1946 were transferred to France as L`Alsacien and Lorrain. T33 was commissioned by Soviet Navy as Primerny. T35 was tested in the USA as DD935, and in 1947 sold on spare parts to France.