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KAISERLICHE MARINE / REICHSMARINE / KRIEGSMARINE (GERMANY)

MINE WARFARE SHIPS

"1916" type minesweepers (1917-1920)

M57 1918

M98 1920

Fuchs 1936

Hecht 1938

M82 1937

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
M57   400 Seebeck, Geestemünde 1916 1/7/1917 9/1917 accommodation vessel 12/1922
M58   401 Seebeck, Geestemünde 1916 4/8/1917 10/1917 stricken 7/1921
M59   402 Seebeck, Geestemünde 1916 31/10/1917 11/1917 stricken 10/1921, to Lithuania (Prezidentas A. Smetona)
M60, 8/1938- Hecht, 10/1940- M560   403 Seebeck, Geestemünde 1916 28/11/1917 1/1918 test ship 8/1938, minesweeper 10/1940, minesweeping boat depot ship Hille 1/1943
M61   404 Seebeck, Geestemünde 1916 13/4/1918 4/1918 torpedo recovery vessel 11/1938
M62   405 Seebeck, Geestemünde 1916 13/4/1918 4/1918 sunk 9/8/1918
M63   288 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1916 27/3/1917 5/1917 sunk 28/6/1917
M64   289 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1916 21/4/1917 5/1917 sunk 20/4/1918
M65   290 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1916 12/5/1917 6/1917 stricken 7/1921
M66, 11/1937- Störtebecker, 10/1940- M566   291 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1916 2/6/1917 7/1917 test ship 11/1937, minesweeper 10/1940, surrendered 5/1945, sold 1948
M67   381 Neptun, Rostock 1916 30/6/1917 9/1917 sunk 25/4/1918
M68   382 Neptun, Rostock 1916 25/7/1917 10/1917 sunk 29/10/1917, salvaged by Latvian (Virsaitis 11/1921)
M69   383 Neptun, Rostock 1916 16/8/1917 11/1917 stricken 10/1921
M70   384 Neptun, Rostock 1916 28/9/1917 12/1917 stricken 6/1921
M71   622 Vulcan, Bremen 1917 11/1/1918 4/1918 stricken 10/1921
M72, 10/1940- M572   623 Vulcan, Bremen 1917 20/2/1918 4/1918 surrendered 5/1945, auxiliary 1947
M73   624 Vulcan, Bremen 1917 20/2/1918 7/1918 stricken 10/1921
M74   625 Vulcan, Bremen 1917 26/4/1918 6/1918 stricken 7/1921, to Argentina (M5 Murature)
M75, 10/1940- M575   294 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 21/7/1917 8/1917 foundered 2/3/1945
M76   295 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 15/8/1917 9/1917 stricken 7/1921
M77   296 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 4/9/1917 9/1917 stricken 7/1921
M78   297 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 20/11/1917 12/1917 stricken 7/1921
M79   406 Seebeck, Geestemünde 1917 15/1/1919 3/1919 stricken 9/1921, to Argentina (M6 Pinedo)
M80   407 Seebeck, Geestemünde 1917 15/1/1919 4/1919 stricken 9/1921, to Argentina (M7 Py)
M81, 3/1929- Nautilus, 10/1940- M581   408 Seebeck, Geestemünde 1917 8/9/1919 10/1919 test ship 3/1929, minesweeper 10/1940 torpedo recovery vessel 1941
M82, 3/1929- Jagd, 10/1940- M582   409 Seebeck, Geestemünde 1917 8/9/1919 11/1919 depot ship 3/1929, minesweeper 10/1940, surrendered 5/1945, auxiliary 1948
M83   152 Atlaswerke, Bremen 1917 19/9/1917 11/1917 sunk 1/7/1918
M84, 10/1940- M584   153 Atlaswerke, Bremen 1917 10/10/1917 12/1917 torpedo recovery vessel 2/1942
M85   110 Nordseewerke, Emden 1917 10/4/1918 8/1918 sunk 1/10/1939
M86   111 Nordseewerke, Emden 1917 10/10/1917 3/1918 stricken 7/1921
M87   298 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 30/10/1917 11/1917 stricken 7/1921
M88   299 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 26/9/1917 10/1917 stricken 7/1921
M89   300 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 11/12/1917 1/1918 sunk 26/7/1940
M90   301 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 29/12/1917 1/1918 stricken 7/1921, to Argentina (M8 Segui)
M91   385 Neptun, Rostock 1917 1/11/1917 1/1918 sunk 10/3/1918
M92   386 Neptun, Rostock 1917 8/12/1917 2/1918 sunk 1/7/1918
M93   387 Neptun, Rostock 1917 18/1/1918 3/1918 stricken 10/1921
M94   388 Neptun, Rostock 1917 20/2/1918 4/1918 stricken 3/1921
M95   154 Atlaswerke, Bremen 1917 21/12/1917 3/1918 sunk 20/4/1918
M96   155 Atlaswerke, Bremen 1917 22/2/1918 4/1918 hospital ship 1921
M97   304 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 28/3/1918 4/1918 stricken 10/1921, to Yugoslavia (Орао <Orao>)
M98, 10/1940- M598   305 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 16/4/1918 5/1918 torpedo recovery vessel 1941
M99   306 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 8/5/1918 5/1918 stricken 10/1921
M100   307 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 23/5/1918 6/1918 stricken 10/1921, to Yugoslavia (Галеб <Galeb>)
M101   156 Atlaswerke, Bremen 1917 20/4/1918 6/1918 stricken 7/1921, to Argentina (M9 Thorne)
M102, 10/1940- M502   157 Atlaswerke, Bremen 1917 31/5/1918 7/1918 torpedo recovery vessel 1941
M103   395 Neptun, Rostock 1917 27/3/1918 5/1918 stricken 7/1921
M104, 10/1940- M504   396 Neptun, Rostock 1917 27/4/1918 6/1918 sunk 9/4/1945
M105   516 Reiherstieg, Hamburg 1917 6/7/1918 10/1918 stricken 7/1921, to Argentina (M10 Golondrina)
M106   517 Reiherstieg, Hamburg 1917 8/7/1918 3/1919 stricken 10/1921, to Yugoslavia (Гавран <Gavran>)
M107, 4/1939- Von der Groeben, 10/1940- M507   317 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 3/7/1918 7/1918 minesweeping boat depot ship 4/1939, minesweeper 10/1940, sunk 15/6/1944
M108, 10/1936- Delphin, 10/1940- M508, 1943- M3600   318 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 17/7/1918 8/1918 gunnery TS 10/1936, minesweeper 10/1940, surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 11/1945
M109, 8/1938- Johann Wittenborg, 12/1938- Sundevall, 10/1940- M509   319 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 7/8/1918 8/1918 test ship 8/1938, minesweeper 10/1940, surrendered 5/1945, auxiliary 1948
M110, 10/1940- M510   320 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 27/8/1918 9/1918 torpedo recovery vessel 11/1941
M111, 10/1940- M511   321 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 17/9/1918 10/1918 torpedo recovery vessel 1941
M112   322 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1917 12/11/1918 10/1919 stricken 10/1921, to Yugoslavia (Jастреб <Yastreb>)
M113, 10/1936- Acheron, 10/1940- M513   545 Stülcken, Hamburg 1917 27/5/1919 4/1920 submarine depot ship 10/1936, minesweeper 10/1940, surrendered 5/1945, sold 1947
M114   546 Stülcken, Hamburg 1917 28/9/1920 --- cancelled 6/1919
M115, 10/1935- Arkona, 6/1941- M515   160 Atlaswerke, Bremen 1917 12/7/1918 9/1918 test ship 10/1935, minesweeper 6/1941, sunk 22/5/1944
M116   161 Atlaswerke, Bremen 1917 10/8/1918 10/1918 prisoners transport 1920
M117, 10/1940- M517   162 Atlaswerke, Bremen 1917 20/9/1918 1919 torpedo recovery vessel 11/1941
M118   163 Atlaswerke, Bremen 1917 12/10/1918 4/1919 stricken 7/1921
M119   432 Neptun, Rostock 1917 22/6/1918 8/1918 stricken 3/1921, to Italy (Meteo)
M120, 10/1943- G702 Kehrwieder   433 Neptun, Rostock 1917 24/7/1918 9/1918 stricken 3/1921, to Italy (Abastro, Cotrone, Crotone), captured by German 9/9/1943, minelayer 10/1943, sunk 19/5/1944
M121   434 Neptun, Rostock 1917 10/9/1918 10/1918 stricken 7/1921, to Yugoslavia (Кобац <Kobats>)
M122, 10/1940- M522   435 Neptun, Rostock 1917 21/9/1918 2/1919 submarine depot ship 11/1938, minesweeper 10/1940, torpedo recovery vessel 11/1941
M123   416 Seebeck, Geestemünde 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M124   417 Seebeck, Geestemünde 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M125   379 Flensburger Schiffbau Ges. 1918 26/10/1918 4/1919 prisoner transport 1920
M126, 10/1940- M526   380 Flensburger Schiffbau Ges. 1918 21/12/1918 7/1919 minesweeping boat depot ship Alders 4/1943
M127   194 Union, Königsberg 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M128   195 Union, Königsberg 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M129, 8/1938- Otto Braun, 6/1941- M529   529 Reiherstieg, Hamburg 1918 15/1/1919 5/1919 test ship 8/1938, minesweeper 6/1941, sunk 2/12/1941
M130, 5/1928- Fuchs, 10/1940- M530, 1944- M3800   530 Reiherstieg, Hamburg 1918 13/2/1919 7/1919 TS 5/1928, minesweeper 10/1940, surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 11/1945
M131   531 Reiherstieg, Hamburg 1918 7/6/1919 --- cancelled 6/1919
M132   532 Reiherstieg, Hamburg 1918 14/1/1919 11/1919 explosion 13/11/1939
M133, 3/1929- Wacht, 8/1939- Raule, 10/1940- M533     Frerichs, Einswarden 1918 1919 12/1919 depot ship 3/1929, minesweeping boat depot ship 8/1939, minesweeper 10/1940, collision 9/5/1942
M134, 3/1929- Frauenlob, 10/1940- M534     Frerichs, Einswarden 1918 28/7/1919 3/1920 depot ship 3/1929, minesweeper 10/1940, sunk 9/5/1940, salvaged and commissioned as minesweeping boat depot ship Jungingen 9/1943
M135, 2/1923- Hela, 1/1939- Gazelle, 10/1940- M535     Frerichs, Einswarden 1918 15/3/1919 10/1919 depot ship 2/1923,  minesweeper 10/1940, surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 2/1946
M136, 1939- Havel     Frerichs, Einswarden 1918 1919 11/1919 submarine depot ship 1939
M137   335 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1918 15/1/1919 3/1919 stricken 7/1921
M138, 9/1924- Zieten, 5/1939- Nettelbeck, 10/1940- M538   336 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1918 17/2/1919 3/1919 fishery protection vessel 9/1924, depot ship 10/1932, minesweeping boat depot ship 3/1936, minesweeper 10/1940, wrecked 26/1/1945
M139   337 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1918 12/3/1919 6/1919 // --- completed mercantile
M140   338 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 1918 15/4/1919 6/1919 // --- completed mercantile
M141     Stülcken, Hamburg 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M142     Stülcken, Hamburg 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M143     Stülcken, Hamburg 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M144     Neptun, Rostock 1918 19/3/1919 6/1919 stricken 6/1921, to Yugoslavia (Сокол <Sokol>)
M145, 10/1940- M545     Neptun, Rostock 1918 22/5/1919 6/1919 surrendered 5/1945, sold 1948
M146, 8/1933- Taku, 10/1935- M146, 5/1940- M546, 8/1941- Von der Lippe   384 Flensburger Schiffbau Ges. 1918 21/12/1918 8/1919 depot ship 8/1933, minesweeper 7/1934, minesweeping boat depot ship late 1941
M147   385 Flensburger Schiffbau Ges. 1918 5/1920 1922 // --- completed mercantile
M148     Flensburger Schiffbau Ges. 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M149     Flensburger Schiffbau Ges. 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M150     Hansawerft, Tonning 1918 5/1920 1920 // --- completed mercantile
M151     Hansawerft, Tonning 1918 9/1920 1920 // --- completed mercantile
M152     Hansawerft, Tonning 1918 11/1920 1920 // --- completed mercantile
M153     Frerichs, Einswarden 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M154     Frerichs, Einswarden 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M155     Frerichs, Einswarden 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M156     Frerichs, Einswarden 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M157, 6/1941- M557     Nordseeerke, Emden 1918 9/4/1919 12/1919 foundered 27/12/1941
M158     Nordseeerke, Emden 1918 1920 1920 // --- completed mercantile
M161     Reiherstieg, Hamburg 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks
M162     Reiherstieg, Hamburg 1918 --- --- BU on the stocks

 

Displacement standard, t

M57 - 62: 506

M63 - 70: 500

M71 - 74, 79 - 86, 91 - 96: 515

M75 - 78, 87 - 90: 505

M97 - 100, 105 - 112, 125, 126, 129 - 140, 146 - 149, 153 - 158, 161, 162: 508

M101, 102, 115 - 118, 123, 124, 127, 128, 150 - 152, 159, 160: 525

Displacement full, t

M57 - 62: 535

M63 - 70: 539

M71 - 74, 79 - 86, 91 - 96: 553

M97 - 100, 107 - 112, 137 - 140: 548

M101, 102, 115 - 118: 564

M103, 104, 119 - 124, 127, 128, 144, 145, 150 - 152, 159, 160: 560

M105, 106, 125, 126, 129 - 136, 146 - 149, 153 - 158, 161, 162: 550

M113, 114, 141 - 143: 590

Length, m

M57 - 62: 57.8 wl 59.3 oa

M63 - 70, 75 - 96, 101, 102, 115 - 118: 56.0 wl 59.3 oa

M71 - 74: 55.0 wl 58.2 oa

M97 - 100, 103 - 112, 119 - 122, 125 - 132, 137 - 140, 144 - 149, 157 - 162: 56.1 wl 59.6 oa

M113, 114, 123, 124, 141 - 143, 150 - 152: 56.1 wl 59.3 oa

M133 - 136, 153 - 156: 56.1 wl 59.5 oa

Breadth, m

M57 - 62, 71 - 78, 87 - 90, 97 - 100, 103 - 112, 119 - 126, 129 - 140, 144 - 149, 153 - 158, 161, 162: 7.30

M63 - 70, 79 - 86, 91 - 96, 101, 102, 113 - 118, 127, 128, 141 - 143, 150 - 152, 159, 160: 7.40

Draught, m

M57 - 62: 2.20

M63 - 70, 75 - 78, 87 - 90, 97 - 100, 103 - 112, 119 - 126, 129 - 140, 144 - 149, 153 - 158, 161, 162: 2.15

M71 - 74: 2.25

M79 - 86, 91 - 96, 113, 114, 141 - 143: 2.23

M101, 102, 115 - 118, 127, 128, 150 - 152, 159, 160: 2.28

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 VTE, 2 Marine boilers

Power, h. p.

M57 - 62: 1750

M63 - 70, 79 - 86, 91 - 96, 103 - 106, 113, 114, 119 - 126, 129 - 132, 141 - 152, 157, 158, 161, 162: 1850

M71 - 74: 1790

M75 - 78, 87 - 90: 1870

M97 - 100, 107 - 112, 137 - 140: 1840

M127, 128, 159, 160: 1800

M133 - 136, 153 - 156: 1600

Max speed, kts

M57 - 74, 79 - 86, 91 - 100, 103 - 114, 119 - 132, 137 - 152, 157 - 162: 16

M75 - 78, 87 - 90: 16.5

M133 - 136, 153 - 156: 15

Fuel, t

M57 - 62: coal 130

M63 - 70, 79 - 86, 91 - 96, 113, 114, 123, 124, 127, 128, 141 - 143, 150 - 152, 159, 160: coal 120

M71 - 78, 87 - 90, 97 - 100, 103 - 112, 119 - 122, 125, 126, 129 - 140, 144 - 149, 153 - 158, 161, 162: coal 115

Endurance, nm(kts) 2000(14)

Armament

M57 - 66: 2 x 1 - 105/42 Tbts L/45 C/16, 30 mines, mechanical minesweeping gear

M67 - 74, 85 - 96: 2 x 1 - 88/42 Tbts L/45 C/14, 30 mines, mechanical minesweeping gear

M75 - 78, 83, 84: 3 x 1 - 88/42 Tbts L/45 C/14, 30 mines, mechanical minesweeping gear

M97 - 105, 107 - 111, 115, 116, 119 - 121: 2 x 1 - 105/42 Ubts L/45 C/16, 30 mines, mechanical minesweeping gear

M79 - 82, 106, 112, 113, 117, 118, 122, 125, 126, 129, 130, 132 - 138, 144 - 146, 157: mechanical minesweeping gear

Complement

40

Ship project history: The second series of M27 class minesweepers, order of 1916. M97 group was similar to M71-96 group, but with strengthened armament.

18 units of type 1916 to a beginning of WWII served as auxiliaries: Hecht, Nautilus, Jagd, Frauenlob, Hela, Havel and Taku as tenders; Von der Groeben, Adlers, Nettelbeck and Raule as minesweeper boat (R-boot) depot ships; Acheron as submarine depot ship; Delphin and Fuchs as gunnery training ships; Störtebecker, Sundewall, Arcona and Otto Braun as test ships. In 1939-1940 the majority of them was reclassified as minesweepers with assignment of former numbers. In the end of 1940 numbering was changed with introduction of new numbers of 500th series (for example, M60 became M560, M110 became M510 etc.).

Modernizations: M138 Nettelbeck, 1939: machinery was replaced by 1 Germania (stb) and 1 MAN (p) diesels (1680hp, 14.1kts, 90t of diesel oil)

all survived, 1940: were rearmed with artillery consisted of 1 x 1 - 105/42 Tbts/Ubts L/45 C/16, (1 - 2) x 1 - 20/65 C/38

all survived, 1943: + 1 x 1 - 20/65 C/38

Naval service: M62 was mined in the North Sea 9/8/1918, M63 was mined in the North Sea 28/6/1917, M64 was mined in the North Sea 20/4/1918, М68 was mined 29/10/1917 at Dünamünde, M83 was mined in the North Sea 1/7/1918, M91 was mined in the North Sea 10/3/1918, M92 was mined in the North Sea 1/7/1918 and M95 was mined in the North Sea 20/4/1918. M59 was sold to Latvia. M60, M61, M62, M66, M72, M81, M82, M84, M89 and M96 have been left in a fleet list. M74, M79, M80 and M90 were sold to Argentina, M77 was converted to merchant vessel. Remaining ships were handed over on demolition.

Ships since M121 did not participate in operations. After armistice all incomplete minesweepers (except for having availability over 95%) were broken up. As part of German Navy there remained M98, M99, M100, M102, M104, M107, M108, M109, M110, M111, M113, M115, M117, M122, M126, M129, M130, M132, M133, M134, M135, M136, M138, M145, M146 and M157. Italy received 4 ships (M106, M112, M119, M120) on reparations and bought 3 more (M140, M121 and M144). M97 was sold to Yugoslavia, M101 and M105 to Argentina, M139 to Colombia.

M85 was lost 1/10/1939 on a mine laid by Polish submarine Zbik at Hel. M61, M89 and M136 were lost 26/7/1940 on mines laid by British destroyers at Hoek van Holland. M132 was hard damaged 13/11/1939 as result of explosion of own DCs at beacon Lister and never repaired. M134 was sunk 9/5/1940 at Bergen by British aircraft, salvaged and 21/3/1941 commissioned again as M534, in 1943 converted to R-boat depot ship Jungingen and 27/9/1943 sunk by British MTB202, 204 and 231 at Le Havre. M504 was sunk 9/4/1945 by British aircraft at Kiel. M507 was sunk 15/6/1944 by British aircraft at Boulogne. M511 and M529 were lost on mines at Kolberg 3/11/1941 and 2/12/1941 respectively. M515 was lost 22/5/1944 on British aviation mine in Kiel Bight. M522 was sunk 20/3/1945 at Kiel by American aircraft. M533 was lost 9/5/1942 as a result of collision with minesweeping boat R45 NW off Boulogne. M538 was sunk 21/6/1944 by Soviet aircraft at Vyborg; salvaged, towed off to Königsberg and 26/1/1945 foundered during a storm at Hel. M546 in 1943 was converted to R-boat depot ship Von der Lippe and sunk 15/6/1944 by British aircraft at Boulogne. M557 was sunk 23/12/1941 being damaged by a mine during a storm at Rügen. M575 was sunk 2/3/1945 during a storm in Little Belt. M584 was lost 30/11/1944 on British aviation mine in Kattegat.

M120 of type 1916 was 9/3/1921 transferred on reparations to Italy as Abastro, in 1927 converted to minelayer and renamed Crotone. Ship was captured by German troops 9/9/1943 and 2/10/1943 entered service as Kehrwieder. Kehrwieder 19/4/1944 was lost at Spezia arsenal during raid of Allied aircraft.

M104

M134

© Ivan Gogin, 2008-14