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KRIEGSMARINE / GERMAN NAVY (GERMANY / WEST GERMANY)

MINE WARFARE SHIPS

"1935", "1938" and "1939 (Mob)" types minesweepers (1938-1943)

M1 1938

M25 1940

M24 1942

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
"1935" type
M1 1941- V5501, 1942- M5201 710 Stülcken, Hamburg 7/1936 5/3/1937 9/1938 sunk 12/1/1945
M2 1942- M5202 711 Stülcken, Hamburg 7/1936 20/5/1937 3/1939 sunk 11/3/1945
M3   712 Stülcken, Hamburg 11/1936 28/9/1937 12/1938 surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 11/1945 (T-918)
M4   787 Oderwerke, Stettin 8/1936 16/10/1937 11/1938 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947
M5   788 Oderwerke, Stettin 8/1936 16/10/1937 1/1939 sunk 18/6/1940
M6   789 Oderwerke, Stettin 12/1936 8/1/1938 6/1939 sunk 23/10/1941
M7   242 Flender-Werft, Lübeck 10/1936 29/9/1937 10/1938 surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 11/1945 (T-912)
M8   243 Flender-Werft, Lübeck 10/1936 29/9/1937 1/1939 sunk 14/5/1943
M9   244 Flender-Werft, Lübeck 3/1937 16/11/1937 5/1939 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947 (Somme)
M10   718 Stülcken, Hamburg 1937 9/8/1938 5/1939 sunk 14/3/1944
M11   798 Oderwerke, Stettin 1/1938 23/8/1938 8/1939 sunk 6/6/1940
M12   249 Flender-Werft, Lübeck 10/1937 6/8/1938 8/1939 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947
M13   727 Stülcken, Hamburg 3/1938 28/2/1939 9/1939 sunk 31/5/1944
M14   728 Stülcken, Hamburg 5/1938 25/4/1939 12/1939 sunk 3/5/1945
M15   729 Stülcken, Hamburg 1/1939 4/9/1939 2/1940 sunk 20/3/1945
M16   730 Stülcken, Hamburg 4/1939 15/11/1939 6/1940 damaged 4/11/1943, never repaired
M17   803 Oderwerke, Stettin 9/1938 29/7/1939 1/1940 abandoned 22/8/1944, to Soviet Union 11/1945 (T-921)
M18   804 Oderwerke, Stettin 9/1938 16/9/1939 3/1940 sunk 20/3/1945
M19   805 Oderwerke, Stettin 10/1938 28/10/1939 5/1940 sunk 9/4/1945
M20   257 Flender-Werft, Lübeck 9/1938 16/6/1939 12/1939 sunk 21/7/1944
M21   258 Flender-Werft, Lübeck 9/1938 6/9/1939 4/1940 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947
M22   259 Flender-Werft, Lübeck 1/1939 20/3/1940 7/1940 scuttled 7/5/1945
M23   260 Flender-Werft, Lübeck 1/1939 11/7/1940 10/1940 surrendered 5/1945, to United Kingdom 1945, BU
M24, 2/1957- Wespe F211 261 Flender-Werft, Lübeck 7/1939 12/10/1940 2/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947 (Ailette), reverted to West Germany 2/1957 (Wespe), target vessel 9/1963
"1938" type
M25   741 Stülcken, Hamburg 9/1939 19/3/1940 11/1940 scuttled 16/11/1944
M26   742 Stülcken, Hamburg 11/1939 21/5/1940 12/1940 sunk 15/5/1942
M27   743 Stülcken, Hamburg 11/1939 20/11/1940 2/1941 sunk 11/8/1944
M28   744 Stülcken, Hamburg 12/1939 29/7/1940 5/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947 (Meuse)
M29   813 Oderwerke, Stettin 10/1939 18/5/1940 9/1940 surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 11/1945 (T-913)
M30   814 Oderwerke, Stettin 10/1939 1/6/1940 10/1940 surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 11/1945 (T-914)
M31   815 Oderwerke, Stettin 11/1939 13/7/1940 12/1940 sunk 21/10/1944
M32   816 Oderwerke, Stettin 11/1939 24/8/1940 3/1941 surrendered 5/1945, sold mercantile
M33   432 Lübecker Maschinenbau 6/1941 1/4/1942 12/1942 surrendered 5/1945, to United Kingdom
M34   433 Lübecker Maschinenbau 1941 7/8/1942 6/1943 surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 2/1946 (T-920)
M35   1437 Schichau, Elbing 4/1940 9/11/1940 9/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947 (Bapaume)
M36   1438 Schichau, Elbing 4/1940 21/12/1940 1/1942 sunk 4/5/1945
"1939 (Mob)" type
M37   366 Atlaswerke, Bremen 7/1940 12/10/1940 6/1941 sunk 4/6/1944
M38   367 Atlaswerke, Bremen 5/1940 28/2/1941 12/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947 (Oise)
M39   368 Atlaswerke, Bremen 10/1940 8/8/1941 5/1942 sunk 24/5/1944
M81, 2/1957- Hummel F210 427 Lübecker Maschinenbau 1940 20/12/1940 7/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947 (Laffaux), reverted to West Germany 2/1957 (Hummel), target vessel 10/1963
M82   428 Lübecker Maschinenbau 1940 23/3/1941 11/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to United Kingdom 1948, BU
M83   429 Lübecker Maschinenbau 1940 5/6/1941 3/1942 sunk 14/6/1944
M84   430 Lübecker Maschinenbau 1940 3/9/1941 6/1942 scuttled 11/8/1944
M85, 2/1957- Brummer F209 431 Lübecker Maschinenbau 1940 6/12/1941 9/1942 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947 (Yser), reverted to West Germany 2/1957 (Brummer), hulk 6/1966
M101   229 Rickmers-Werft, Wesermünde 1940 15/3/1941 9/1941 collision 25/11/1942
M102   230 Rickmers-Werft, Wesermünde 1941 1/8/1941 4/1942 surrendered 5/1945, to United Kingdom 1948, BU
M103   231 Rickmers-Werft, Wesermünde 1941 3/12/1941 8/1942 sunk 15/6/1944
M104   232 Rickmers-Werft, Wesermünde 1941 1/4/1942 11/1942 surrendered 5/1945, to United Kingdom 1948, BU
M131   79 Lindenau, Memel 1940 20/12/1941 8/1942 surrendered 5/1945, to United Kingdom 1948, BU
M132   80 Lindenau, Memel 6/1940 7/4/1941 1/1942 sunk 20/9/1944
M133   81 Lindenau, Memel 10/1941 3/8/1942 3/1943 scuttled 6/8/1944
M151   829 Oderwerke, Stettin 1940 19/10/1940 5/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 11/1945 (T-915)
M152   830 Oderwerke, Stettin 1940 16/11/1940 6/1941 sunk 23/7/1943
M153   831 Oderwerke, Stettin 4/1940 4/1/1941 9/1941 sunk 10/7/1943
M154   832 Oderwerke, Stettin 6/1940 3/5/1941 11/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 2/1946
M155   833 Oderwerke, Stettin 1940 19/7/1941 1/1942 surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 11/1945 (T-924)
M156   834 Oderwerke, Stettin 1941 4/10/1941 4/1942 sunk 6/2/1944
M201   494 Neptun, Rostock 3/1940 18/5/1940 12/1940 surrendered 5/1945, to United Kingdom 1948, BU
M202   495 Neptun, Rostock 3/1940 29/9/1940 4/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947 (Craonne)
M203   496 Neptun, Rostock 4/1940 29/9/1940 6/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 11/1945 (T-919)
M204   497 Neptun, Rostock 5/1940 21/12/1940 8/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 11/1945 (T-916)
M205, 2/1957- Biene F207 498 Neptun, Rostock 10/1940 3/5/1941 11/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947 (Belfort), reverted to West Germany 2/1957 (Biene), hulk 5/1968
M206   499 Neptun, Rostock 10/1940 5/5/1941 12/1941 scuttled 6/8/1944
M251   285 Deutsche Werft, Hamburg 1/1940 12/7/1940 12/1940 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947 (Péronne)
M252   286 Deutsche Werft, Hamburg 3/1940 27/9/1940 2/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947 (Ancre)
M253, 2/1957- Bremse V5502, 2/1957- F208 287 Deutsche Werft, Hamburg 1940 23/11/1940 4/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to France 10/1947 (Vimy), reverted to West Germany 2/1957 (Bremse), target vessel 10/1963
M254   288 Deutsche Werft, Hamburg 1940 17/2/1941 6/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 2/1946 (T-917)
M255   289 Deutsche Werft, Hamburg 1940 1/4/1941 10/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 11/1945 (T-922)
M256   290 Deutsche Werft, Hamburg 3/1941 31/5/1941 1/1942 surrendered 5/1945, to Soviet Union 11/1945 (T-923)

 

Displacement standard, t

"1935": 682

"1938": 713

"1939 (Mob)": 785

Displacement full, t

"1935": 874

"1938": 908

"1939 (Mob)": 878

Length, m

"1935": 66.0 wl 68.1 oa

"1938": 66.6 wl 71.0 oa

"1939 (Mob)": 66.6 wl 68.4 oa

Breadth, m

"1935", "1939 (Mob)": 8.70

"1938": 9.20

Draught, m

2.12 normal 2.65 deep load

No of shafts

M1, 2: 2 Voith-Schneider

M3 - 24, "1938", "1939": 2

Machinery

Lentz SE, 2 Wagner or La Mont boilers

Power, h. p.

"1935": 3500

"1938": 3200

"1939 (Mob)": 3700

Max speed, kts

18.1 - 18.3

Fuel, t

"1935", "1939 (Mob)": oil 143

"1938": oil 155

Endurance, nm(kts) 5000(10)

Armament

"1935": 2 x 1 - 105/42 Tbts C/16, 1 x 2 - 37/80 SK C/30, 2 x 1 - 20/65 C/38, 30 mines, 2 DCT (12), sweeps

"1938": 2 x 1 - 105/42 Tbts C/16, 3 x 1 - 20/65 C/38, 30 mines, 2 DCT (12), sweeps

"1939 (Mob)": 2 x 1 - 105/42 Tbts C/16, 1 x 2 - 37/80 SK C/30, 2 x 1 - 20/65 C/38, 30 mines, 2 DCT (20), sweeps

Complement

"1935": 84

"1938": 97

"1939 (Mob)": 95 - 119

Ship project history: Multi-purpose ships for operations in coastal areas, built by three slightly differing series, but frequently concern to uniform class. Type 1935 ships were ordered by two series on 12 ships in 1935-1936. Type 1938 had increased hull dimensions for seaworthiness improvement, besides, it has allowed to place additional generators for magnetic sweeps. On type 1939(Mob), ordered after a beginning of war, the changes directed on simplification of technology of building have been entered.

All these minesweepers were equipped by VTEs and Wagner or La Mont boilers (35atm, 450C) with oil-burning. M1 and 2 had Voith-Schneider vertical-axis propellers, significantly raising manoeuvrability; it planned to equip by them all ships of type 1938, but because of their complexity and low reliability it have refused. Design armament consisted of 2 105mm guns and 3 20mm MGs; during war twin 37mm (instead of aft 105mm or 20mm gun) and quadruple 20mm MGs, and also DCTs were installed; in 1944 some ships received strengthened artillery: 2 single 105mm, 1 twin 37mm, 1 quadruple and 4 twin 20mm mounts.

Modernizations: 1944, some survived were armed with artillery consisted of 2 x 1 - 105/42 Tbts C/16, 1 x 2 - 37/80 SK C/30, 1 x 4 - 20/65 C/38, 4 x 2 - 20/65 C/38.

Bundesmarine.

Some ships were reverted to West Germany from France in 1956 and commissioned by navy in February 1957, as follows:

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
"1939 (Mob)" type
Biene (ex-Belfort, ex-M205) F207 Neptun, Rostock 10/1940 3/5/1941 11/1941 // 2/1957 hulk 5/1968
Bremse (ex-Vimy, ex-M253) F208 Deutsche Werft, Hamburg 1940 23/11/1940 4/1941 // 2/1957 target vessel 10/1963
Brummer (ex-Yser, ex-M85) F209 Lübecker Maschinenbau 1940 6/12/1941 9/1942 // 2/1957 hulk 6/1966
Hummel (ex-Laffaux, ex-M81) F210 Lübecker Maschinenbau 1940 20/12/1940 7/1941 // 2/1957 target vessel 10/1963
"1935" type
Wespe (ex-Ailette, ex-M24) F211 Flender-Werft, Lübeck 7/1939 12/10/1940 2/1941 // 2/1957 target vessel 9/1963

 

Displacement standard, t

F207 - 210: 685

F211: 682

Displacement full, t

F207 - 210: 878

F211: 874

Length, m

F207 - 210: 66.0 wl 68.3 oa

F211: 66.0 wl 68.1 oa

Breadth, m

8.70

Draught, m

2.60

No of shafts

M1, 2: 2 Voith-Schneider

M3 - 24, "1938", "1939": 2

Machinery

Lentz SE, 2 Wagner boilers

Power, h. p.

3500

Max speed, kts

18.3

Fuel, t

oil 155

Armament

2 x 1 - 105/45 Tbts C/16

Complement

100

1958, all: - 1 x 1 - 105/45; + 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 11 ASWRL

1960, all: - 1 x 1 - 105/45; + 2 x 1 - 40/70 Bofors 315, 2 x 2 - 20/80 Mk 5 (HS804)

Naval service: M1 was sunk 12/1/1945 by British aircraft off Bergen. M2 was sunk 11/3/1945 by British aircraft at coast of Norway. M5 was lost 18/6/1940 at coast of Norway on a mine laid by British submarine Porpoise. M6 was mined 23/10/1941 at Lorient. M8 was sunk 14/5/1943 by British MTBs at Hoek van Holland. M9 was disarmed in St. Nazaire 23/8/1944, captured by American troops 11/5/1945 and BU in 1945. M10 was sunk 13/3/1945 by American field guns at Lorient. M11 was lost 6/6/1940 on a mine laid by British submarine Narwhal at S coast of Norway. M13 was mined 31/5/1944 in a mouth of Gironde. M14 was mined 3/5/1945 at Rügen. M15 and M18 were sunk 20/3/1945 by British aircraft at Kiel. M16 was hard damaged by Soviet aircraft at Kotka 4/11/1943, repair was not completed; 20/3/1945 she was destroyed by British aircraft in Kiel. M17 was scuttled 22/8/1944 at Rochefort. M19 was sunk 9/4/1945 by British aircraft in Kiel Bight. M20 was sunk 21/7/1944 by Soviet aircraft in Narva Bay. M22 was scuttled 7/5/1945 in Kiel Canal. M23 was sunk 11/7/1941 on a mine at Pyarnu; salvaged 26/7/1941 and 22/4/1943 commissioned again. M25 was scuttled 16/11/1944 at W coast of France. M26 was sunk 15/5/1942 by British aircraft at La Hague. M27 was mined 11/8/1944 in a mouth of Gironde. M31 was sunk 21/10/1944 by Soviet MTB TK-215 at Honningsvaag. M36 was sunk 4/5/1945 by British aircraft in Great Belt. M37 was sunk 4/6/1944 by Soviet MTB TK-101 in Narva Bay. M39 was sunk 24/5/1944 by British MTB354 and MTB261 in Seine Bay. M83 was sunk 14/6/1944 by British destroyer Ashanti and Polish destroyer Piorun at Jersey. M84 was hard damaged 25/5/1944 on a mine in Seine Bay and 11/8/1944 scuttled at Le Havre. M101 was sunk 25/11/1942 as result of collision with s/s Levante W off Namsos. M103 was sunk 15/6/1944 by British aircraft in mouth of Ems. M132 was sunk 20/9/1944 by British submarine Sceptre at S coast of Norway. M133 and M206 were scuttled 6/8/1944 at St. Malo. M152 was mined 23/7/1944 in a mouth of Gironde. M153 was sunk 10/7/1943 by British escort destroyers Melbreak, Wensleydale and Glaisdale in La Manche. M156 was hard damaged 5/2/1944 by British escort destroyers Tanatside, Talybont, Brissenden and Wensleydale in La Manche and 6/2/1944 destroyed by British aircraft.

Ivan Gogin, 2008-16