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fighting ships of the world

KRIEGSMARINE (GERMANY)

TORPEDO SHIPS

ZH1 destroyers (1939-1940/1942)

ZH1 1943

ZH1 1944

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
ZH1 (ex-Gerard Callenburgh) 208 Rotterdamsche Droogdock Mij, Netherlands / Blohm & Voss, Hamburg 10/1938 9/5/1940 10/1942 sunk 9/6/1944
ZH2 (ex-Tjerk Hiddes) 207 Rotterdamsche Droogdock Mij, Netherlands / Blohm & Voss, Hamburg 11/1938 12/10/1939 --- cancelled 8/1941

  

Displacement standard, t

1864

Displacement full, t

2228

Length, m

105.2 wl 106.7 oa

Breadth, m

10.6

Draught, m

3.11

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Werkspoor-Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

45000

Max speed, kts

36

Fuel, t

oil 520

Endurance, nm(kts) 2700(19)

Armament

2 x 2 - 120/45 Mk 8, 1 x 1 - 120/45 Mk 8, 2 x 2 - 37/80 SK C/30, 4 x 1 - 20/65 C/38, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT (30), 24 mines

Sensors FuMO 21 radar

Complement

230

Ship project history: Former Dutch destroyer Gerard Callenburg of Isaak Sweers class. She was scuttled in Rotterdam incomplete 14/5/1940, salvaged by Germans 17/7/1940, renamed ZH1 and 11/10/1940 towed off to Blohm & Voss, Hamburg, for repair and completion. Sister-ships ZH2 (ex-Tjerk Hiddes) and ZH3 (ex-Van Galen) were never completed.

British-type machinery consisted from Yarrow boilers and Parsons turbines has been retained for comparison with machinery of modern German destroyers. On trials ZH1 made 37.5kts at 53000hp. Main guns and fire control system of the Dutch production are left without changes, AA guns and TTs were replaced by German. Main gun director turn angle sector 135 on each side that did not allow to control fire on stern relative bearings.

Modernizations: 1944: - 2 x 1 - 20/65; + 2 x 4 - 20/65 C/38

Naval service: ZH1 was lost 9/6/1944 in battle against British destroyers Tartar and Ashanti off Ushant.

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14