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ZH1 destroyers (1942)


Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
ZH1 (ex-Gerard Callenburgh)   208 Rotterdamsche Droogdock Mij, Netherlands // Blohm & Voss, Hamburg 10.1938 9.5.1940 10.1942 sunk 9.6.1944
ZH2 (ex-Tjerk Hiddes)   207 Rotterdamsche Droogdock Mij, Netherlands // Blohm & Voss, Hamburg 11.1938 12.10.1939 --- cancelled 8.1941


Technical data


Displacement standard, t

1864

Displacement full, t2228
Length, m

105.2 wl 106.7 oa

Breadth, m

10.6

Draught, m

3.11

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Werkspoor-Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

45000

Max speed, kts

36

Fuel, t

oil 520

Endurance, nm(kts)2700(19)
Armament

2 x 2 - 120/45 Mk 8, 1 x 1 - 120/45 Mk 8, 2 x 2 - 37/80 SK C/30, 4 x 1 - 20/65 C/38, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT (30), 24 mines

Electronic equipmenthydrophone
Complement

230



Project history

Former Dutch destroyer Gerard Callenburg of Isaak Sweers class. She was scuttled in Rotterdam incomplete 14.5.1940, salvaged by Germans 17.7.1940, renamed ZH1 and 11.10.1940 towed off to Blohm & Voss, Hamburg, for repair and completion. Sister-ships ZH2 (ex-Tjerk Hiddes) and ZH3 (ex-Van Galen) were never completed.

British-type machinery consisted from Yarrow boilers and Parsons turbines has been retained for comparison with machinery of modern German destroyers. On trials ZH1 made 37.5kts at 53000hp. Main guns and fire control system of the Dutch production are left without changes, AA guns and TTs were replaced by German. Main gun director turn angle sector 135° on each side that did not allow to control fire on stern relative bearings.

Modernizations

1943: + FuMO 24 radar, FuMB 3 Bali, FuMB 4 Sumatra ECM suites

1944: - 2 x 1 - 20/65; + 2 x 4 - 20/65 C/38

Naval service

ZH1 was lost 9.6.1944 in battle against British destroyers Tartar and Ashanti off Ushant.