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A1 torpedo boats (1915)


Photo



A8 1915

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
A1   20 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 16.1.1915 1.1915 TS, discarded 5.1922
A2   21 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 17.3.1915 3.1915 sunk 1.5.1915
A3   22 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 24.6.1915 7.1915 lost 7.11.1915
A4   23 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 26.6.1915 6.1915 scuttled 11.11.1918, salvaged, to Belgium (A3 PC)
A5   24 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 5.5.1915 5.1915 interned by Belgium 11.1918, to Belgium 6.1919 (A4 PC)
A6   25 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 3.4.1915 4.1915 sunk 1.5.1915
A7   26 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 2.2.1915 4.1915 sunk 21.3.1918
A8   27 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 25.4.1915 5.1915 interned by Belgium 11.1918, to Belgium 6.1919 (A5 PC)
A9   28 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 4.8.1915 8.1915 interned by Belgium 11.1918, to Belgium 6.1919 (A6 PC)
A10   29 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 16.8.1915 8.1915 sunk 7.2.1918
A11   30 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 4.6.1915 6.1915 interned by Belgium 11.1918, to Belgium 6.1919 (A7 PC)
A12   31 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 28.4.1915 5.1915 interned by Belgium 11.1918, to Belgium 6.1919 (A2 PC)
A13   32 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 15.5.1915 5.1915 sunk 16.8.1917
A14   33 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 22.7.1915 7.1915 interned by Belgium 11.1918, to Belgium 6.1919 (A1 PC)
A15   34 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 10.7.1915 7.1915 sunk 23.8.1915
A16   35 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 16.6.1915 6.1915 interned by Belgium 11.1918, to Belgium 6.1919 (A8 PC)
A17   36 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 8.6.1915 7.1915 scuttled 13.3.1920
A18   37 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 2.7.1915 7.1915 discarded 1.1922
A19   38 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 9.9.1915 10.1915 sunk 21.3.1918
A20, 3.1943- Reiher, 10.1943- Warendorp   39 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 27.8.1915 9.1915 interned by Belgium 11.1918, to Belgium 6.1919 (A9 PC), returned 1940, commissioned 3.1943 (TS), surrendered 5.1945, to USA 6.1945
A21   40 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 1.6.1915 6.1915 scuttled 13.3.1920
A22   41 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 22.5.1915 6.1915 discarded 5.1922
A23   42 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 5.5.1915 5.1915 discarded 5.1922
A24   43 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 12.6.1915 8.1915 TS, discarded 5.1922
A25   44 Vulcan, Hamburg 1914 13.7.1915 7.1915 TS, discarded 5.1922


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

109

Displacement full, t137
Length, m

41.6 oa 41.0 wl

Breadth, m

4.60

Draught, m

1.52 deep load

No of shafts

1

Machinery

1 VTE, 1 Marine boiler

Power, h. p.

1200

Max speed, kts

20

Fuel, t

coal 25

Endurance, nm(kts)900(12.5)
Armament

A1, 2, 17, 18, 21 - 25: 1 x 1 - 52/51 SK L/55 C/03, 2 x 1 - 450 TT, 4 mines, mechanical minesweeping gear

A3 - 16, 19, 20: 1 x 1 - 50/37 SK L/40 C/92, 2 x 1 - 450 TT, 4 mines, mechanical minesweeping gear

Complement

28



Standard scale images


<i>A1 </i>1915
A1 1915


Graphics


<i>A8 </i>1915
A8 1915


Project history

Coastal torpedo-boat 1914 design, A I type, built by A G Vulcan, Hamburg (hulls of A8, A14, A19 and A24 subcontracted to Sachsenberg Werft (Rosslau) and A4, A10 and A15 to Stettiner Oderwerke). This was the first design for a small coastal torpedo-boat to be used on the Flanders coast. A 2, A 4-A 16, A 19 and A 20 were sent in sections by railway to Antwerp/Hoboken and finished there.

Modernizations

None.

Naval service

Despite being a poor design they saw action in the Channel and suffered heavy losses. A4, A5, A8, A9, A11, A12, A14, A16 and A20 were abandoned in the retreat from Flanders, taken over by Belgium and operated until about 1927 (A20 survived lo be recaptured in 1940 and was not BU until 1948). A2 and A6 were sunk by British destroyers 1.5.1915 in the North Sea. A3 was lost by unknown cause 7.11.1915 en route from Kiel to Danzig. A7 was sunk 21.3.1918 off Flanders coast by French destroyers Capitaine Mehl and Bouclier. A10 was mined 7.2.1918 off Flanders coast. A13 was sunk by British airplanes 16.8.1917 at Ostend, salvaged but 22.11.1917 destroyed by field artillery. A15 was sunk 23.8.1915 by French destroyers Branlebas and Oriflamme off Flanders coast. A17 and A21 were scuttled 13.1.1920 at Kiel by putschists, salvaged next year and BU. A19 was sunk by British destroyers off Flanders coast 21.3.1918.